SPECIFYING A KORBAN
(R. Chisda): Kinin can only be differentiated by Lekichah or Asiyah.
(R. Shimi b. Ashi): The rationale of R. Chisda derives from the words in the Pesukim.
Question: But the Beraisa (cited at the bottom of 40b) teaches that the Goral, not the Name, makes the Kedushah (but the Name should not have been under consideration since it is neither Lekichah or Asiyah)?!
Answer (Rava): The Kal va'Chomer of the Beraisa is understood to include the factor of Asiyah and Lekichah.
Question: We learn in a Beraisa (regarding the Korban Chatas of a poor person) that there is Keviyah at times other than Lekichah or Asiyah?!
Answer: The Beraisa must be amended to read that he became wealthy after setting aside the funds, which is akin to Lekichah.
Question: What about the position of R. Chaga (citing R. Yoshiyah) that Bedi'eved the newly-wealthy person is Yotze with the Korban Ani (the designation is neither at a time of Lekichah nor of Asiyah)?
Answer: The Beraisa should be understood to mean he then took the birds and said...
Question: How could he and add to the value of the birds, as we know that there is no Pidyon by birds?!
Answer: It means adding to the remaining funds.
He had only purchased one bird (which becomes a Nedavah) with part of the money designated for Olah.
He must bring new funds for the Chatas, however, and the one bird already bought as a Chatas must be killed.
Question: But we have a Beraisa which says that a wealthy Metzora who brings the Korban of an Ani is not Yotze?!
Answer: The Metzora is unique given the word "Zos".
Question: Then it should not work for an Ani who brings the Korban of an Ashir either?!
Answer: The Torah so indicates by the word "Toras" (as found in the supporting Beraisa).
Question: Then learn from Metzora to Tamei Mikdash?!
Answer: The Torah restricts the rules of Metzora, allowing that elsewhere the Ashir may be able to bring the Korban Ani.
MISHNAH: VIDUI OF THE SA'IR HAMISHTALE'ACH
A scarlet thread was tied between its horns and it stood by the gate of its departure.
The Sa'ir la'Shem was by its Beis ha'Shechitah (see Gemara).
The Kohen recited the Vidui for the Kohanim.
The people respond to the Shem with 'Baruch Shem'.
MARKING THE SA'IR LASHEM
Question: Does the Mishnah mean that the Sa'ir la'Shem was also tied with a string (around its neck) or also stood in its place (to be slaughtered)?
Answer: From the Beraisa (which gives the reason as to prevent mixing this animal with others) we come to understand that it means a string was also tied (around its neck) since standing it near the place of Shechitah would not prevent it from being mixed with others.
TWO SCARLET THREADS
(R. Yitzhok): I have learned about the scarlet threads on the Parah Adumah and on the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach, and I do not know which one requires a minimum Shiur.
(R. Yosef): The fact that the thread on the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach must be cut in half indicates that it is the one requiring a minimum Shiur.
Question: But the thread on the Parah must have heft?!
Answer (Rava): The requirement of Koved is a Machlokes Tana'im.
Question (Abaye): But it seems from the Beraisa that the thread of the Parah must be cut, since it refers to the Sheyarei Lashon?
Answer: That means the narrowing end (like the tail).
(R. Chanin citing Rav): If the flame caught the thread it is Kosher.
Question: But the Beraisa teaches that if the thread was singed it must be replaced with another?!
Answer: One speaks of a standing flame, which burnt the thread at a distance from its source, where R. Chanin spoke of a bent flame, which burnt it within the flame.
Rava cites his source that the requirement of Koved is a Machlokes Tanaim (Rebbi and R. Elazar b. R. Shimon)._