YOMA 82 (4 Elul) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Chaim Yissachar (ben Yakov) Smulewitz of Cleveland on his Yahrzeit, by his daughter and son in law, Jeri & Eli Turkel of Raanana, Israel.

[82a - 37 lines; 82b - 10 lines]

1)[line 1]התינוקותHA'TINOKOS- the young children

2)[line 2]מחנכין אותן לפני שנהMECHANCHIN OSAN LIFNEI SHANAH- the Gemara originally understands this statement to mean that we train the children to fast one year and two years before the year prior to their adulthood. This is implicit in the Mishnah's wording, since the Mishnah does not use the term "l'Shanah" but "Lifnei Shanah" (RASHI in the Gemara, DH Ta Shema).

3)[line 8]ורב נחמן אמר בן תשע בן עשרV'RAV NACHMAN AMAR, BEN TESHA, BEN ESER- (Rav Nachman is not arguing with the previous statement of Rav Huna, but is adding to it. Rav Huna discusses a girl, and Rav Nachman is discussing a boy. -RASHI)

4)[line 24]עוברה שהריחהUBRAH SHE'HERICHAH- a pregnant woman who smelled the aroma of a food (and the look on her face changed, or she asked for some of the food; see Mishnah Berurah OC 617)

5)[line 27]כושKUSH- a spindle

6)[line 27]ברוטבB'ROTEV- in sauce

7)[line 36]ניתן להצילה בנפשוNITAN L'HATZILAH B'NAFSHO- it is permitted to save her by taking the life of the man who is attempting to molest her


8)[line 3]מרי דוראיMAREI DURA'I- the ruler of my village

9)[line 4]נקטלך ולא תקטולNIKTELACH, V'LO TIKTOL- let him kill you, but do not kill

10a)[line 4]מאי חזיתMAI CHAZIS- for what reason do you presume

b)[line 4]דדמא דידך סומק טפי?D'DAMA DIDACH SUMAK TEFEI?- that your blood is redder than his (i.e. that your life is more precious than his)?

11)[line 7]לחושו להLECHUSHU LAH- whisper to her (in her ear)

12)[line 8]ואילחישאV'ILCHISHA- and it was effective (she no longer needed the food)

13)[line 8]"בטרם אצרך בבטן ידעתיך ובטרם תצא מרחם הקדשתיך נביא לגוים נתתיך""B'TEREM ETZARCHA VA'BETEN YEDATICHA, UV'TEREM TEZEI ME'RECHEM HIKDASHTICHA."- "Before I formed you in the belly I knew you, and before you came out of the womb I sanctified you." (Yirmeyahu 1:5)