[33a - 44 lines; 33b - 44 lines]

1a)[line 4] MESADER MA'ARACHAH- [taught] the proper order of the Avodos performed upon the Mizbe'ach

b)[line 4] MI'SHMEI D'GEMARA- according to [the] tradition [received by those learning in the Beis ha'Midrash]

2)[line 5] MA'ARACHAH GEDOLAH- the large arrangement of wood in the middle of the Mizbe'ach

3)[line 5] MA'ARACHAH SHENIYAH SHEL KETORES- the smaller arrangement of wood [located toward the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach, from which embers were taken in order to burn] the Ketores [on the golden Mizbe'ach inside the Heichal]

4)[line 7] SIDUR SHNEI GEZIREI ETZIM- the placement of two square Amah blocks of wood [each as thick as the block used to level a heaping Se'ah, on top of the wood arrangement in order to increase the flames (Zevachim 62b; RAMBAM Temidin u'Musafin 6:1)]

5)[line 8] DISHUN MIZBE'ACH HA'PENIMI- the removal of ashes from the golden Mizbe'ach [located in the Heichal upon which the Ketores is burned; also knows as the Mizbach ha'Ketores]

6)[line 9] HATAVAS CHAMESH NEROS- see Background to 31:27

7)[line 10] DAM HA'TAMID (ARBA AVODOS)

(a)The offering of a Korban consists of four primary actions. These four Avodos are:

1.Shechitah (slaughtering),

2.Kabalas ha'Dam (collecting the lifeblood of the Korban in a vessel),

3.Holachah (bringing the blood to the Mizbe'ach),

4.Zerikah (dashing the blood upon the Mizbe'ach).

(b)When a sacrifice provides atonement, it is through this service that the atonement is gained. This is stated clearly in the Torah: "Ki ha'Dam Hu, ba'Nefesh Yechaper" - "for it is the blood that will atone for the soul" (Vayikra 17:11).

8)[line 12]KETORES- see Background to 31:26

9)[line 13]EVARIM- [the placement of the] limbs [of the Tamid upon the Ma'arachah]

10)[line 13]MINCHAH- the Minchas Nesachim; see below, entry #14

11)[line 13]CHAVITIN- see Background to 31:29

12)[line 14]NESACHIM- see Background to 31:30

13)[line 14]MUSAFIN (KORBAN MUSAF)

(a)Following the Korban Tamid, The Torah requires additional (Musaf) animals to be offered as public offerings on Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh, and the festivals. These are purchased with public funds, and are generally Korbenos Olah. Many of them atone for specific sins.

(b)The Torah specifies the Korbenos Musaf offered on each of these occasions, as follows:

1.Shabbos - two sheep as Korbenos Olah

2.Rosh Chodesh - two bulls, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Korban Chatas

3.each day of Pesach and Shavu'os - two bulls, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Korban Chatas

4.Rosh Hashanah - aside from the Korbanos Musaf offered on every Rosh Chodesh, one bull, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Korban Chatas

5.Yom Kippur - one bull, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Chatas

6.each day of Sukos - two rams and fourteen sheep as Korbenos Olah, along with one goat as a Chatas. Additionally, thirteen bulls were offered the first day as Korbenos Olah, twelve bulls on the second, eleven bulls on the third, etc.

7.Shemini Atzeres - one bull, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Chatas. (Bamidbar 28:9-39)

(c)Although certain other Korbanos are offered on some of these days as well, such as the bull of the Kohen Gadol and the Sa'ir la'Hashem on Yom Kippur, these are not termed Korbenos Musaf. Nesachim (see Background to 24:13) accompany all Korbenos Olah.

(d)The Tana'im disagree as to whether a Korban Musaf may be offered at any time of day, or whether it may be offered only through the seventh hour of the day (see Berachos 26b). It is generally offered during the sixth hour (see Rashi to Pesachim 58a DH Rebbi Yishmael).

14)[line 15]BAZICHIN (LECHEM HA'PANIM)

(a)The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) refers to the 12 loaves arranged in two stacks (Sedarim) - six loaves to a stack - on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. The loaves are one Tefach thick and may not be Chametz. Fresh loaves are arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there through the following Shabbos. The loaves are eaten by Kohanim after their removal. (Vayikra 24:5-9).

(b)A Kometz (that which can be held between one's middle three fingers and his palm) of Levonah (frankincense) is placed alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). The Levonah is offered upon the Mizbe'ach when the loaves are removed. Only after this stage may the Lechem ha'Panim be eaten by the Kohanim.

15a)[line 16]"[ , ; ,] ""[VEHA'ESH AL HE'MIZBE'ACH TUKAD BO LO SICHBEH, U'VI'ER ALEHA HA'KOHEN ETZIM BA'BOKER BA'BOKER; V'ARACH ALEHA HA'OLAH,] V'HIKTIR ALEHA CHELVEI HA'SHELAMIM"- "[And the fire on the altar shall be lit upon it and not be extinguished, and the Kohen shall kindle wood upon it each and every morning; on [this wood] he shall arrange the Olah (the Korban Tamid)] and burn upon it fats of the Shelamim" (Vayikra 6:5).

b)[line 17] ALEHA HASHLEM KOL HA'KORBANOS KULAN- [The Gemara exegetically derives these words to mean] "complete all other Korbanos upon (i.e., following) the morning Tamid." This implies that no other Korbanos may follow the afternoon Tamid.

16)[line 20]MOKDAH- burning [upon]

17)[line 23] KAPARASAH MERUBAH- [the Korbanos offered upon it] provide atonement for many [different sins]

18)[line 24]LI'FNIM- into the Heichal [to the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores]

19)[line 26]ETZIM- [embers of] wood; coals

20)[line 30]CHAVERTA- its fellow [arrangement of wood]

21)[line 35]MACHSHIR- that which enables something else; in this case, the arrangement of wood results in coals which enables the burning of the Ketores

22)[line 37] SHUM ETZIM- [although the Shnei Gezirei Etzim are not placed upon the Ma'arachah that provides embers for the Ketores, they are in the same] category of "wood"

23)[line 42] GEMARA GAMIRNA- I have received it as a tradition

24)[last line] EIN MA'AVIRIN AL HA'MITZVOS- one should let the opportunity to perform a Mitzvah pass him by

33b----------------------------------------33b

25)[line 1]HEICHAL- (TY #67) the Sactuary

26)[line 1]MIZBE'ACH- (TY #71) the golden Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores, located in the Heichal

27)[line 2]SHULCHAN- (TY #69) see above, entry #14

28)[line 3]MENORAH- (TY #70) see Background to 31:27

29)[line 4]MEMUTZA- centered

30)[line 5]KIM'A- a bit

31)[line 6]NOCHACH- opposite

32)[line 7]D'CHAZU- that they face

33)[line 8] ABUREI DERA'A A'TOTEFTA- to pass over the arm-Tefilin to get to the head-Tefilin

34)[line 9] MI'DERA'A L'TOTEFTA- a) one should first place the arm-Tefilin on his arm, and afterward the head-Tefilin on his head (RASHI); b) one should place his head-Tefilin in the bag in which he stores them first, so that he need not pass them over when reaching for the arm-Tefilin (RAV HAI GA'ON; TOSFOS DH Avurei); c) when one frequently touches his Tefilin as he ought to (see 7b), he should first touch the arm-Tefilin and only afterward the head-Tefilin (REBBI ELIYAHU; TOSFOS DH Avurei)

35)[line 13]SHADINHU- lit. throw them; apply them to

36a)[line 17] D'HACHAH TELASA- for here (the setting up of the lamps of the Menorah) there are three [times that the word "ba'Boker" is written - twice in the verse (Shemos 30:7) regarding the Hatavas ha'Neros, plus the additional one from the Shnei Gezirei Etzim]

b)[line 17] V'HACHAH TREI- and here (the Dam ha'Tamid) there are two [times that the word "ba'Boker" is written - once in the verse (Vayikra 6:2), plus the additional one from the Shnei Gezirei Etzim]

37)[line 20]MECHAPER- see above, entry #7

38)[line 25] AFSUKEI B'MAI MIFSAKAT LEHU- with what service shall we interrupt the Hatavas ha'Neros with?

39)[line 27]L'HARGISH- to cause a tumult [in fulfillment of the verse, "... b'Veis El-kim Nehalech b'Ragesh" - "... in the House of El-kim we would be accompanied by the tumult of multitudes" (Tehilim 55:15); see 24b]

40a)[line 28]SHAPIR- this is a good question [since it is not absolutely required to split the Hatavas ha'Neros]

b)[line 29] MAI IKA L'MEIMAR?- what is there to say? It must be that the two extra words "ba'Boker" are not divided amongst the Dishun Mizbe'ach ha'Penimi and the Dam ha'Tamid, for then there would be no Avodah left to separate between the Hatavas ha'Neros (see Insights).

41)[last line]DAVAR- any other Korban

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