YOMA 33 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.

[33a - 44 lines; 33b - 44 lines]

1a)[line 4]מסדר מערכהMESADER MA'ARACHAH- [taught] the proper order of the Avodos performed upon the Mizbe'ach

b)[line 4]משמיה דגמראMI'SHMEI D'GEMARA- according to [the] tradition [received by those learning in the Beis ha'Midrash]

2)[line 5]מערכה גדולהMA'ARACHAH GEDOLAH- the large arrangement of wood in the middle of the Mizbe'ach

3)[line 5]מערכה שניה של קטורתMA'ARACHAH SHENIYAH SHEL KETORES- the smaller arrangement of wood [located toward the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach, from which embers were taken in order to burn] the Ketores [on the golden Mizbe'ach inside the Heichal]

4)[line 7]סידור שני גזירי עציםSIDUR SHNEI GEZIREI ETZIM- the placement of two square Amah blocks of wood [each as thick as the block used to level a heaping Se'ah, on top of the wood arrangement in order to increase the flames (Zevachim 62b; RAMBAM Temidin u'Musafin 6:1)]

5)[line 8]דישון מזבח הפנימיDISHUN MIZBE'ACH HA'PENIMI- the removal of ashes from the golden Mizbe'ach [located in the Heichal upon which the Ketores is burned; also knows as the Mizbach ha'Ketores]

6)[line 9]הטבת חמש נרותHATAVAS CHAMESH NEROS- see Background to 31:27

7)[line 10]דם התמידDAM HA'TAMID (ARBA AVODOS)

(a)The offering of a Korban consists of four primary actions. These four Avodos are Shechitah (slaughtering), Kabalas ha'Dam (collecting the lifeblood of the Korban in a vessel), Holachah (bringing the blood to the Mizbe'ach) and Zerikah (dashing the blood upon the Mizbe'ach).

(b)When a sacrifice provides atonement, it is through this service that the atonement is gained. This is stated clearly in the Torah: "Ki ha'Dam Hu, ba'Nefesh Yechaper" - "for it is the blood that will atone for the soul" (Vayikra 17:11).

8)[line 12]קטורתKETORES- see Background to 31:26

9)[line 13]אבריםEVARIM- [the placement of the] limbs [of the Tamid upon the Ma'arachah]

10)[line 13]מנחהMINCHAH- the Minchas Nesachim; see below, entry #14

11)[line 13]חביתיןCHAVITIN- see Background to 31:29

12)[line 14]נסכיןNESACHIM- see Background to 31:30

13)[line 14]מוספיןMUSAFIN (KORBAN MUSAF)

(a)Following the Korban Tamid, The Torah requires additional (Musaf) animals to be offered as public offerings on Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh, and the festivals. These are purchased with public funds, and are generally Korbenos Olah. Many of them atone for specific sins.

(b)The Torah specifies the Korbenos Musaf offered on each of these occasions, as follows:

1.Shabbos - two sheep as Korbenos Olah

2.Rosh Chodesh - two bulls, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Korban Chatas

3.each day of Pesach and Shavu'os - two bulls, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Korban Chatas

4.Rosh Hashanah - aside from the Korbanos Musaf offered on every Rosh Chodesh, one bull, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Korban Chatas

5.Yom Kippur - one bull, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Chatas

6.each day of Sukos - two rams and fourteen sheep as Korbenos Olah, along with one goat as a Chatas. Additionally, thirteen bulls were offered the first day as Korbenos Olah, twelve bulls on the second, eleven bulls on the third, etc.

7.Shemini Atzeres - one bull, one ram, and seven sheep as Korbenos Olah, and one goat as a Chatas. (Bamidbar 28:9-39)

(c)Although certain other Korbanos are offered on some of these days as well, such as the bull of the Kohen Gadol and the Sa'ir la'Hashem on Yom Kippur, these are not termed Korbenos Musaf. Nesachim (see Background to 24:13) accompany all Korbenos Olah.

(d)The Tana'im disagree as to whether a Korban Musaf may be offered at any time of day, or whether it may be offered only through the seventh hour of the day (see Berachos 26b). It is generally offered during the sixth hour (see Rashi to Pesachim 58a DH Rebbi Yishmael).

14)[line 15]בזיכיןBAZICHIN (LECHEM HA'PANIM)

(a)The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) refers to the 12 loaves arranged in two stacks (Sedarim) - six loaves to a stack - on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. The loaves are one Tefach thick and may not be Chametz. Fresh loaves are arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there through the following Shabbos. The loaves are eaten by Kohanim after their removal. (Vayikra 24:5-9).

(b)A Kometz (that which can be held between one's middle three fingers and his palm) of Levonah (frankincense) is placed alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). The Levonah is offered upon the Mizbe'ach when the loaves are removed. Only after this stage may the Lechem ha'Panim be eaten by the Kohanim.

15a)[line 16]"[וְהָאֵשׁ עַל-הַמִּזְבֵּחַ תּוּקַד-בּוֹ לֹא תִכְבֶּה, וּבִעֵר עָלֶיהָ הַכֹּהֵן עֵצִים בַּבֹּקֶר בַּבֹּקֶר; וְעָרַךְ עָלֶיהָ הָעֹלָה,] וְהִקְטִיר עָלֶיהָ חֶלְבֵי הַשְּׁלָמִים.""[VEHA'ESH AL HE'MIZBE'ACH TUKAD BO LO SICHBEH, U'VI'ER ALEHA HA'KOHEN ETZIM BA'BOKER BA'BOKER; V'ARACH ALEHA HA'OLAH,] V'HIKTIR ALEHA CHELVEI HA'SHELAMIM"- "[And the fire on the altar shall be lit upon it and not be extinguished, and the Kohen shall kindle wood upon it each and every morning; on [this wood] he shall arrange the Olah (the Korban Tamid)] and burn upon it fats of the Shelamim." (Vayikra 6:5)

b)[line 17]עליה השלם כל הקרבנותALEHA HASHLEM KOL HA'KORBANOS KULAM- [The Gemara exegetically derives these words to mean] "complete all other Korbanos upon (i.e., following) the morning Tamid." This implies that no other Korbanos may follow the afternoon Tamid.

16) [line 20] מוקדה MOKDA - burning [upon] 17) [line 23] כפרתה מרובה KAPARASAH MERUBAH - [the Korbanos offered upon it] provide atonement for many [different sins]

18)[line 24]לפניםLI'FNIM- into the Heichal [to the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores]

19)[line 26]עציםETZIM- [embers of] wood; coals

20)[line 30]חברתהCHAVERTA- its fellow [arrangement of wood]

21)[line 35]מכשירMACHSHIR- that which enables something else; in this case, the arrangement of wood results in coals which enables the burning of the Ketores

22)[line 37]שום עציםSHUM ETZIM- [although the Shnei Gezirei Etzim are not placed upon the Ma'arachah that provides embers for the Ketores, they are in the same] category of "wood"

23)[line 42]גמרא גמירנאGEMARA GAMIRNA- I have received it as a tradition

24)[last line]אין מעבירין על המצותEIN MA'AVIRIN AL HA'MITZVOS- one should let the opportunity to perform a Mitzvah pass him by


25)[line 1]היכלHEICHAL- (TY #67) the Sactuary

26)[line 1]מזבחMIZBE'ACH- (TY #71) the golden Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores, located in the Heichal

27)[line 2]שלחןSHULCHAN- (TY #69) see above, entry #14

28)[line 3]מנורהMENORAH- (TY #70) see Background to 31:27

29)[line 4]ממוצעMEMUTZA- centered

30)[line 5]קימעאKIM'A- a bit

31)[line 6]נכחNOCHACH- opposite

32)[line 7]דחזוD'CHAZU- that they face

33)[line 8]עבורי דרעא אטוטפתאABUREI DERA'A A'TOTEFTA- to pass over the arm-Tefilin to get to the head-Tefilin

34)[line 9]מדרעא לטוטפתאMI'DERA'A L'TOTEFTA- a) one should first place the arm-Tefilin on his arm, and afterward the head-Tefilin on his head (RASHI); b) one should place his head-Tefilin in the bag in which he stores them first, so that he need not pass them over when reaching for the arm-Tefilin (RAV HAI GA'ON; TOSFOS DH Avurei); c) when one frequently touches his Tefilin as he ought to (see 7b), he should first touch the arm-Tefilin and only afterward the head-Tefilin (REBBI ELIYAHU; TOSFOS DH Avurei)

35)[line 13]שדינהוSHADINHU- lit. throw them; apply them to

36a)[line 17]דהכא תלתאD'HACHAH TELASA- for here (the setting up of the lamps of the Menorah) there are three [times that the word "ba'Boker" is written - twice in the verse (Shemos 30:7) regarding the Hatavas ha'Neros, plus the additional one from the Shnei Gezirei Etzim]

b)[line 17]והכא תריV'HACHAH TREI- and here (the Dam ha'Tamid) there are two [times that the word "ba'Boker" is written - once in the verse (Vayikra 6:2), plus the additional one from the Shnei Gezirei Etzim]

37)[line 20]מכפרMECHAPER- see above, entry #7

38)[line 25]אפסוקי במאי מפסקת להוAFSUKEI B'MAI MIFSAKAT LEHU- with what service shall we interrupt the Hatavas ha'Neros with?

39)[line 27]להרגישL'HARGISH- to cause a tumult [in fulfillment of the verse, "... b'Veis Elokim Nehalech b'Ragesh" - "... in the House of Elokim we would be accompanied by the tumult of multitudes" (Tehilim 55:15); see 24b]

40a)[line 28]שפירSHAPIR- this is a good question [since it is not absolutely required to split the Hatavas ha'Neros]

b)[line 29]מאי איכא למימרMAI IKA L'MEIMAR?- what is there to say? It must be that the two extra words "ba'Boker" are not divided amongst the Dishun Mizbe'ach ha'Penimi and the Dam ha'Tamid, for then there would be no Avodah left to separate between the Hatavas ha'Neros (see Insights).

41)[last line]דברDAVAR- any other Korban