[79a - 47 lines; 79b - 51 lines]

1)[line 2]ניקרינהו ונפייסינהוNIKRINHU U'NEFAISINHU- let us call them and appease them

2)[line 7]והוקענוםV'HOKANUM- and we will hang them

3)[line 7]מיפייס ולא פייסינהוMIFAYEIS V'LO PAISINHU- he tried to appease them but they would not be appeased

4)[line 18]המחולתיHA'MECHOLASI- from the town of Mecholah

5)[line 19]כל שארון קולטו למיתהKOL SHE'ARON KOLTO, L'MISAH- anyone whom the Aron would hold, was chosen to die

6)[line 30]"ותקח רצפה בת איה את השק""VA'TIKACH RITZPAH VAS AYAH ES HA'SAK..."- "And Ritzpah the daughter of Ayah took a sackcloth, and spread it out for herself upon the rock, from the beginning of the harvest until the rain dropped upon them from the sky, and she did not let the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night." (Shmuel II 21:10)

7a)[line 33]"[וכי יהיה באיש...] לא תלין נבלתו על העץ [כי קבור תקברנו ביום ההוא]""[V'CHI YIHEYEH V'ISH...] LO SALIN NIVLASO AL HA'ETZ [KI KAVOR TIKBERENU BA'YOM HA'HU]"- "[And if a man has committed a sin deserving death, and he is put to death, you shall hang him on a gallows. However,] his body shall not remain all night upon the gallows, [but rather you shall bury him that day....]" (Devarim 21:22-23) - Rebbi Eliezer (Sanhedrin 45b) rules that this verse refers to all convicts who are stoned. After being executed, their dead bodies are hanged. The Rabanan argue, claiming that a blasphemer or idolater is the only capital offender who is hanged after stoning.


(a)The Mitzvas Aseh of Kavor Tikberenu and the Lav of Lo Salin apply not only to someone who has been hanged, but to all convicts sentenced to the death penalty. The Mitzvas Aseh is transgressed if one does not bury the body before sunset. The Lav in only transgressed at dawn.

(b)The SEFER HA'CHINUCH (#536, 537) writes that the Mitzvas Aseh also dictates that all Jews be buried on the day that they die (this explains why a person who dies without anyone to bury him is called a Mes Mitzvah). However, there are those who argue (see Minchas Chinuch ibid.). All opinions agree that the Lav applies to any Jew who has died (unless burial is delayed for the honor of the deceased; e.g. so that many people will go the funeral).

8)[line 36]בגרים גרוריםGERIM GERURIM- converts who "pushed themselves in" to the Jewish people without fully accepting all of the Mitzvos, and without being properly accepted by a reliable Beis Din

9)[line 41]דוגזרDUGZAR (Girsa of the ARUCH: RONGAR)- hired laborers


10)[line 9]סריס אדםSERIS ADAM / SERIS CHAMAH

(a)A Seris is a man who cannot have children. The Torah (Devarim 23:2) calls a Seris either a Petzu'a Daka or a Krus Shafchah, depending upon the parts of his body that are flawed.

(b)If a person became a Seris through unnatural means, whether at the hands of another person or as a result of an injury, he is called a "Seris Adam." A Seris Adam is prohibited by the Torah to marry a Jewish woman (ibid.). However he may marry a convert or a freed maidservant (Yevamos 76a). If a person is born a Seris, he is called a Seris Chamah, and is permitted to marry into the Jewish people (Yevamos 75b). A Seris Adam usually cannot be healed, while a Seris Chamah can be healed (as our Mishnah says). If a person became a Seris through disease, the RAMBAM (Hil. Isurei Bi'ah 16:9) rules that he is considered a Seris Chamah, and permitted to marry into the Jewish people, but the ROSH (Yevamos 8:2, based on the words of RASHI Yevamos 75b DH b'Yedei Shamayim) considers him a Seris Adam, and prohibits him to marry into the Jewish people.

(c)A Seris does not develop normal pubic hair, the normal sign of Halachic puberty ("Gadlus"). He is considered to have reached Halachic puberty upon reaching the age of twenty, if he displays the various symptoms by which a Seris may be recognized (which are listed in Yevamos 80b). The Amora'im argue as to whether just one or all of the symptoms are necessary to pronounce a man a Seris. At that point, some Amora'im say that he is deemed to have reached puberty retroactively from the age of 13 (see Yevamos 80a). If he does not display the symptoms of a Seris, he is not pronounced a Seris, and not considered to have reached Halachic puberty, until he reaches the age of 35 and one day. (See Yevamos Chart #24.)

11)[line 10]שעת הכושרSHE'AS HA'KOSHER- a time when he was permitted (before he became sterile)

12)[line 17]בן מגוסתBEN MEGUSAS- a person who came from the town of Megusas

13)[line 19]איילוניתAILONIS- a woman who is incapable of conception. This word is derived from the word "Ayil," a ram, which is a male and does not have a womb (Kesuvos 11a)

14)[line 28]קהל גרים לא אקרי קהלKEHAL GERIM LO IKRI KAHAL- converts are called [and are included within] the congregation of HaSh-m, the main body of the Jewish people

15)[line 47]מחייבי לאוין דשארM'CHAYAVEI LAVIN D'SHE'ER- relatives that are prohibited by a Mitzvas Lo Sa'aseh

16)[line 49]שלא נעשה בעלה סריס חמה שעה אחת קודם למיתתוSHE'LO NA'ASEH BA'ALAH SERIS CHAMAH SHA'AH ACHAS KODEM L'MISASO- (Rava is proving from this that any Seris who was not born a Seris, but became one later in life, can perform Yibum, like Rebbi Akiva ruled in the Mishnah.)