[63a - 48 lines; 63b - 53 lines]

1)[line 1] HA'MALVEH SELA L'ANI BI'SHE'AS DACHAKO- one who lends money to a poor person in his time of need

2)[line 2]" ' , ...""AZ TIKRA VA'HASH-M YA'ANEH, TESHAVA V'YOMAR HINENI..."- "... then you will call and HaSh-m will answer, you will cry out and He will say, 'Here I am!'" (Yeshayah 58:9) - This verse follows the description of one who performs acts of charity with the poor and does not neglect those close to him.

3)[line 9]"[ ' , - ;] - .""... E'ESEH LO EZER KENEGDO."- "[And HaSh-m, G-d, said: It is not good for the man to be alone;] I will fashion a helper opposite him." (Bereishis 2:18)

4)[line 10]RAMI- posed a contradiction

5)[line 11] KSIV KENAGDO V'KARINAN KENEGDO- the word appears to be written as "Kenagdo," and it is read as "Kenegdo"

6a)[line 11] ZACHAH KENEGDO- if he merits it, she [helps] opposite him

b)[line 12] LO ZACHAH MENAGDASO- if he does not merit it, she flogs him

7)[line 14] ?CHITIN KOSES?- does one chew wheat kernels?

8)[line 15]PISHTAN- flax

9)[line 15]ME'IRAH- she enlightens

10)[line 17]" , ""ZOS HA'PA'AM, ETZEM ME'ATZAMAI U'VASAR MI'BESARI"- "... this time, bone from my bone and flesh from my flesh...." (Bereishis 2:23) - This describes the reaction of Adam ha'Rishon following the creation of his wife Chavah.

11)[line 19] LO NISKARERAH DA'ATO- lit. his knowledge was not cooled; he remained unsatisfied

12)[line 22] SHTEI BEREICHOS TOVOS YESH LI L'HAVRICH- I have two good graftings to graft

13a)[line 22] RUS HA'MO'AVIYAH- Ruth the Moabite, great-grandmother of David ha'Melech

b)[line 23] NA'AMAH HA'AMONIS- Na'amah the Amonite, from whom the kings Chizkiyah, Asa, and Yehoshafat, as well as the prophet Yeshayah, descended (Megilah 10b)

14)[line 24] HA'DAROS BA'ADAMAH- who dwell in the desert or in caves (YA'AVETZ)

15)[line 25]SEFINOS- boats

16a)[line 25]GALYA- France (Gaul)

b)[line 26]ASPAMYA- Spain

17)[line 26]ASIDIM- their future will be

18)[line 27] BA'ALEI UMANIYOS- craftsmen

19)[line 27] SHE'YA'AMDU AL HA'KARKA- that they will stand on the ground [and work it] (see Insights)

20)[line 27]" , , - .""V'YARDU ME'ONIYOSEIHEM KOL TOFSEI MASHOT, MALACHIM, KOL CHOVLEI HA'YAM; (AL) [EL] HA'ARETZ YA'AMODU."- "And all those who grasp the oar, mariners, and all the pilots of the sea, shall descend from their ships; they shall stand upon the land." (Yechezkel 27:29)

21)[line 29]PECHUSAH- worse than

22a)[line 29] CHAZYA L'HAHI AR'A- saw a certain plot of land

b)[line 29] D'SHADI BAH KERAVA L'PUSYA- (a) in which cabbages were planted widthwise; (b) that was plowed widthwise

23a)[line 30] IY TESHADYEI L'URKECH- even if (a) [cabbages] were planted along your length; (b) you were plowed along your length

b)[line 30] HAFUCHEI B'ISKA TAV MINACH- engaging in business would be more profitable than [working] you

24)[line 30] AL L'VEINEI SHIBLEI- walked among the stalks of grain

25)[line 31]NAIFAN- waving [in the breeze]

26)[line 31] IY NAIFAS ISNUFEI- lit. if you wave, wave; i.e., wave all you want!

27)[line 32] ME'AH ZUZEI B'ISKA- [if one invests] one hundred Zuz (a common coin) in business ventures

28)[line 32]CHAMRA- wine

29a)[line 33]MILCHA- salt

b)[line 33]CHAFURAH- wheat grass; stalks of grain harvested before they have matured one-third of their full growth

30a)[line 33] MEGANYEI LEI A'AR'A- it causes him to sleep on the ground [in order to guard his fields]

b)[line 33] U'MERAMYA LEI TIGREI- and involves him in arguments [regarding ownership, boundaries, property rights, etc.]

31)[line 34] ZERA V'LO SAZBIN- [better to] sow [enough crops for your own consumption] rather than buy [food in the marketplace]

32)[line 34] KI HADADI NINHU- [the cost of growing your own crops and that of purchasing them] are equal

33)[line 34] HANEI MEVARCHAN- [those which you grow yourself] are blessed [with abundance] (O.F. foison - plenty)

34)[line 34] ZAVIN V'LO SEIZOL- [better to] (a) sell [your possessions to acquire capital for investment] rather than become destitute (RASHI); (b) purchase [clothing] rather than weave [them yourself] (RABEINU CHANANEL, cited by TOSFOS DH Zavin)

35a)[line 35]BISTARKEI- (a) [items such as] tapestries (O.F. traped / tapid - a carpet) (RASHI); (b) bedclothes (ARUCH)

b)[line 35]GELIMA- a cloak

36)[line 35] []LO MISRAMYA LEI [KID'BA'I]- he will not [easily] find one [that fits him properly]

37a)[line 35] TOM V'LO SASHPITZ- [better to] fill in [a hole in a shaky wall] rather than [first widen it in order to] plaster [the surrounding area so that the repair appears more uniform] (SHAPUTZ - O.F. plaster)

b)[line 35] SHPOTZ V'LO TIVNI- [but if you prefer a wall that is uniform in appearance, better to] plaster [the area surrounding the hole] rather than [tear the wall down and] build [a new one]

38)[line 36]MISMASKEN- becomes poor

39a)[line 36] KEFOTZ ZAVIN AR'A- jump (i.e., be quick) to buy land

b)[line 36] METON NASIV ITESA- be patient [and first determine her character] before marrying a woman

40)[line 37] NACHIS DARGA- go down a step [on the social ladder]

41)[line 37]SAK- go up

42)[line 37]SHOSHVINA- a good friend

43)[line 38]PUR'ANUS- tribulations

44)[line 38]" , , [ ; -, .] - , ...""HICHRATI GOYIM NASHAMU PINOSAM, HECHRAVTI CHUTZOSAM [MIB'LI OVER; NITZDU AREIHEM MI'BLI ISH ME'EIN YOSHEV.] AMARTI ACH TIR'I OSI TIKCHI MUSAR..." - "I defeated nations, their cornerstones were laid waste; I destroyed their market-places [to the point that nobody passed by there; their cities became desolate, devoid of inhabitants.] I said, 'Only fear Me, take Musar (learn a lesson), [so that its dwellings will not be destroyed, and all (the good) that I commanded on its behalf.' Yet they continued to get up early to conduct all their deeds in a manner that was even more perverted than before.]" (Tzefanyah 3:6-7) (POSTPONING THE GE'ULAH)

HaSh-m hoped that the punishment that He meted out to the nations would make an impression on His people, Yisrael. Instead of improving, they continued to deteriorate. Consequently, the verse continues, they will have to continue waiting for the Ge'ulah. Indeed, we are still waiting, some two and a half thousand years later.

45)[line 40]MIFTAR- taking leave

46)[line 40] RACHMANA LITZLACH MI'MIDI D'KASHEH MI'MOSA- may the Merciful One save you from that which is worse than death

47a)[line 41]NAFAK- he went out

b)[line 41]DAK- he searched

48)[line 41]" -""U'MOTZE ANI MAR MI'MAVES ES HA'ISHAH"- "And I find the woman to be more bitter than death...." (Koheles 7:26)

49)[line 42]D'VIS'HU- his wife

50)[line 42] AVIDI LI TELOFCHEI- prepare lentils for me

51)[line 43]CHIMTZEI- peas (see Tosfos to Chulin 67b DH Daika Nami)

52)[line 43] APICH LAH- he switched [his father's request when reporting it] to her

53)[line 44] ?I'ALYA LACH IMACH?- your mother brought you this food?

54)[line 45] D'NAFIK MINACH, TA'AMA MALPACH- he whom you bore [sometimes] teaches you wisdom [as I myself should have thought to do this]

55)[line 46]" -, [.]""LIMDU LESHONAM DABER SHEKER, HA'AVEH [NIL'U.]"- "... they accustomed their tongues to speak falsehood, [and weary themselves] with iniquity." (Yirmeyahu 9:4)

56a)[line 47] KI HAVAH MASHKACH MIDI- when he would come across something [that would make a nice present for his wife]

b)[line 47] TZAYAR LEI B'SUDREI- he would wrap it in his scarf

c)[line 47] U'MAISI NIHALAH- and bring it to her


57)[line 1]HA'CHET- the sin [of lecherous thoughts]

58)[line 4] KORAS RU'ACH- lit. cooling of the spirit; satisfaction

59)[line 5]"- , .""YEHI MEKORCHA VARUCH, U'SEMACH ME'ESHES NE'URECHA."- "May your source be blessed, and derive happiness from the wife of your youth." (Mishlei 5:18) - One's "source" refers to his wife, who bears his children.

60a)[line 7] MASKIF TAKIFA- she has a quick temper

b)[line 7] V'ABUREI MI'ABRA B'MILAH- but she is [then] easily appeased

61a)[line 9] MEKASHTA LEI TAKA- lit. she adorns the table for him; she sets the table for his meal

b)[line 9] U'MEKASHTA LEI PUMA- lit. and she adorns her mouth for him; and she curses and berates him [over the course of the meal to cause him anguish] (see RASHI to Ein Yakov)

62)[line 10] MEHADRA LEI GABA- she turns her back on him [over the course of the meal to cause him anguish]

63)[line 11]MISPAKEKIN- are stopped up [and he is not prosecuted for them]

64)[line 11]" , '.""MATZA ISHAH MATZA TOV, VA'YAFEK RATZON ME'HASH-M."- "One who finds a woman finds goodness, and he brings forth favor from HaSh-m." (Mishlei 18:22) - Our Gemara interprets the word "va'Yafek" to mean that his sins are "stopped up."

65)[line 14]" , .""GARESH LETZ V'YETZEI MADON, V'YISHBOS DIN V'KALON."- "Cast out the mocker and dispute shall leave, and quarrel and shame shall cease." (Mishlei 22:10) - Our Gemara understands that the mocker referred to in this verse is an evil woman, who mocks her husband as described above (MAHARSHA).


(a)When a man marries (Nisu'in) a woman who was a Besulah (virgin) at the time of her Kidushin (betrothal), he must give her a marriage document stipulating that she is to receive 200 Zuz from him or his estate should he divorce her or die. 200 Zuz are equivalent to the value of 960 grams of silver. This document is called a Kesuvah (lit. "written"). Tana'im disagree as to whether this obligation is mid'Oraisa (Biblical) or mid'Rabanan (Rabbinic) in nature (Kesuvos 10a).

(b)If the bride had been widowed or divorced and is therefore a Be'ulah (not a virgin) than she receives a different Kesuvah. The Kesuvah of a Be'ulah guarantees only 100 Zuz to the bride in the case of the dissolution of the marriage. There is no question that the obligation to give this document is mid'Rabanan in nature (Kesuvos 10b). A widow is termed an "Almanah" because her Kesuvah is written for the amount of a "Manah" (one hundred Zuz) (ibid.).

(c)If a woman is younger than three at the time of her Kidushin, she always receives 200 Zuz. This is because her hymen grows back even when broken at this young age, and she is therefore by definition a Besulah.

(d)The amounts detailed above are only the minimum required to be written into a Kesuvah. One may voluntarily add any amount onto his wife's Kesuvah, and doing so is considered a way of honoring her.

67)[line 15] TZARASAH B'TZIDAH- he should marry another wife

68)[line 16] B'CHAVERTAH V'LO B'SILATA- [a woman is more effectively rebuked] by [the marrying of] a co-wife than [she is] though [the use of] (a) a thorn (RASHI, ARUCH); (b) a club (RASHI to Nidah 66b)

69)[line 16] YOM SAGRIR- a day [during which one must stay] shut [inside due to wind and hailstorms]

70)[line 16]" () .""DELEF TORED B'YOM SAGRIR V'ESHES MIDYANIM NISHTAVAH."- "A bothersome dripping on a [stormy] day that shuts everyone inside and a quarrelsome woman are equal." (Mishlei 27:15)

71)[line 19] IY B'GAVAH MISHTA'I KERA- if the verse is referring to her

72)[line 22]MEGANAH- degrades her

73)[line 24]" ' - ""NESANANI HASH-M BI'YEDEI LO UCHAL KUM."- "HaSh-m has placed me in the hands of that from which I am unable to rise." (Eichah 1:14)

74)[line 26]MA'ARAVA- Eretz Yisrael

75)[line 26] MEZONOSAV TELUYIN B'CHASPO- his sustenance is dependent upon his money [as opposed to growing it himself, and as such, he is dependent upon fluctuating market prices]

76)[line 27] ESHES HA'AV- the wife of the father; i.e., a step-mother

77)[line 27]" .""B'GOY NAVAL ACH'ISEM."- "... I shall anger them with a contemptible people." (Devarim 32:21)

78)[line 29]TZEDUKIM

(a)The Tzedukim were students of Tzadok, and the Beitusim were students of Beitus. Both of these individuals rejected the Oral Torah (Avos d'Rebbi Nasan 5:2).

(b)Our Gemara refers not to Tzedukim, who reject merely the Oral Torah, but rather to those who reject G-d outright. The original Girsa (wording) in our Gemara, before it was changed by the censor, was "Minim" (heretics).

79a)[line 30]BARBARYA- the Barbary Coast, in North Africa

b)[line 30]MERTENAI- Mauritania, in Northwest Africa

80a)[line 30]MESHUKATZ- that which disgusts

b)[line 31]MESU'AV- that which abominates

81)[line 31]HA'MAKOM- lit. The Place; HaSh-m

82)[line 31]CHABARIM- (a) a nation that dwelled in Persia who acted cruelly toward the Jews (RASHI); (b) Persian priests who acted cruelly toward the Jews (ARUCH; TOSFOS to Shabbos 11a DH v'Lo Tachas Chaver citing RABEINU YAKOV MI'KURVIL)

83)[line 32] SHAGA NAFAL- he reeled and fell

84)[line 32]SHOCHADA- bribes

85)[line 32] TARITZ YASIV- he straightened and sat up

86a)[line 33] 'GAZRU AL SHELOSHAH- [they informed Rebbi Yochanan that the Chabarim] established three decrees

b)[line 33] 'MI'PNEI SHELOSHAH- [Rebbi Yochanan explained that HaSh-m allowed these decrees] in retaliation for three [sins]

87)[line 33] AL HA'BASAR- that kosher slaughtering was forbidden


(a)There are twenty-four gifts that non-Kohanim are required to give to Kohanim. Among these are the Zero'a, Lechayayim, and Keivah of a kosher animal.

(b)When one slaughters an ox, sheep, or goat that are not Kodshim (consecrated to the Beis ha'Mikdash), he must give its Zero'a, Lechayayim, and Keivah to a Kohen (Devarim 18:3). The Zero'a includes the two upper bones of the right foreleg, from the knee until the top of the shoulder blade. The Lechayayim consists of the lower jaw, which extends from the joint where it is attached to the upper jaw until the thyroid cartilage, including the tongue. The Keivah is the maw along with its Chelev (surrounding fat), though Kohanim customarily allow the owner of an animal to keep the Chelev.

(c)Rebbi Yochanan explained that it was due to the laxity of those living in Bavel in giving these gifts that HaSh-m allowed the decree against kosher slaughter to occur.

89)[line 33]MERCHATZA'OS- bathhouses

90)[line 34]TEVILAH- [the laxity of women in] immersing [properly] in a Mikvah

91)[line 34] KA MECHATETEI SHICHVEI- they dig up those lying [in Jewish graves]

92)[line 34] YOM EIDAM- Nochri holidays (see RASHI to Ein Yakov)

93)[line 36]"[ , , , , , , , ;] -- - . [ - ]""... LO YE'ASFU V'LO YIKAVERU, L'DOMEN AL PNEI HA'ADAMAH YIHEYU. V'NIVCHAR MAVES ME'CHAYIM..."- "[And they shall spread them before the sun, the moon, and all the hosts of the heavens, whom they loved, served, followed, sought, and bowed down to;] they will not be gathered nor buried - they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth. [And those who remain from this evil family] shall choose death over life...." (Yirmeyahu 8:2-3) - These verses describe the fate of the bones of those among the Jewish people who worshipped idols. The implied question of our Gemara is why anyone would prefer to die rather than live if their fate was to be left unburied?

94)[line 37] NIVCHAR MAVES LI'RESHA'IM- death is preferable for the wicked

95)[line 38] SEFER BEN SIRA- part of the Apocrypha, this ancient work was written approximately 320 BCE. Tradition maintains that Ben Sira was the son of the prophet Yirmeyahu.

96)[line 39]CHEIK- bosom

97)[line 40]TZARA'AS- leprosy

98)[line 40] MISPAR YAMAV KEFELIM- [he is so happy that he feels as if] the days of his life are doubled

99)[line 41]HA'ALEM- hide

100)[line 41] ESHES CHEN- an attractive [married] woman

101)[line 41] PEN TILAKED BI'METZUDASAH- lest you be caught in her web

102)[line 41]TAT- lit. lean towards; befriend

103)[line 41]LIMSOCH- to mix drinks

104)[line 41]SHECHAR- beer

105)[line 42]B'TO'AR- due to the form

106)[line 42]HUSHCHASU- were destroyed

107)[line 42] ATZUMIM KOL HARUGEHA- a great number have been killed over her (see METZUDAS DAVID to Mishlei 7:26)

108)[line 42] PITZ'EI ROCHEL- the beatings of a traveling peddler who sells women's perfume and spices [and is therefore often found alone with women in their house in the middle of the day when their husbands are not home]

109)[line 42] K'NITZUTZ MAV'IR GACHELES- as a spark ignites a coal

110)[line 43]KELUV- a birdcage

111)[line 43]MIRMAH- slyness

112)[line 43]TATZAR- worry

113)[line 43] MAH YULAD YOM- what the [following] day will bring

114)[line 44]EINENU- he (i.e., you) is no longer [alive]

115)[line 44]MENA- prevent

116)[line 44] RABIM YIHEYU DORSHEI SHELOMECHA- [live your life in such a way that] many should be interested in your welfare

117)[line 45] GALEI SOD- reveal a secret

118)[line 45] BEN DAVID- the descendant of David ha'Melech; Mashi'ach

119)[line 45] YICHLU KOL HA'NESHAMOS SHEBA'GUF- all of the souls in "Guf" are finished. Guf is the chamber within which all Jewish souls created at the creation of the world are held. RASHI explains that this chamber is none other than the Heavenly partition (Pargod) that divides the area in which the Shechinah (Divine Presence) dwells from the habitat of the angels. See also Insights.

120)[line 45]"[ , ;] - , .""... KI RU'ACH MIL'FANAI YA'ATOF, U'NESHAMOS ANI ASISI."- "[For not forever shall I be contentious, and not for eternity shall I be angry;] but the spirit before Me shall be held back, and the souls that I have fashioned." (Yeshayah 57:16) - Rav Asi interprets this verse to mean, "My anger will be over and I will bring Mashi'ach only when all of the souls that I have created have been exhausted."

121)[line 48] MEMA'ET HA'DEMUS- diminishes the "Heavenly Likeness"

122)[line 48]TZELEM- image

123)[line 49] BEN AZAI- a scholar who either never married, or married the daughter of Rebbi Akiva and then subsequently divorced her (Sotah 4b; see Kesuvos 63a and TOSFOS DH she'Yiskayem)

124)[line 49] YESH NA'AH DORESH V'NA'AH MEKAYEM- there are those who expound beautifully and practice what they preach

125)[line 50]CHASHKAH- strongly desires

126)[last line]" , ' .""U'VENUCHO YOMAR, 'SHUVAH HASH-M RIVEVOS ALFEI YISRAEL.'"- "And when [the Holy Ark] rested he (Moshe Rabeinu) said, 'Settle, HaSh-m, among the tens of thousands of Yisrael.'" (Bamidbar 10:36).