[57a - 49 lines; 57b - 15 lines]
1)[line 7]בלא ידעהB'LO YAD'AH- without having relations with her (as in Bereishis 4:1, 16:16)
2)[line 23]דקבעי מינאי מילתא דלית לה פתריD'KABA'I MINAI MILSA D'LEIS LAH PASREI- because he asked me a question that has no answer
3)[line 25]בקדושתיה קאיBI'KEDUSHASEI KAI- he retains the holiness of a Kohen (and is forbidden to marry all of the women who are prohibited to the Kohanim)
4)[line 27]בת גר זכר כבת חלל זכרBAS GER ZACHAR K'VAS CHALAL ZACHAR- A Kohen is prohibited to marry the daughter of a Chalal (see Background to Yevamos 44:11), even if her mother is a Jewess of unsullied lineage. Rebbi Yehudah rules that a Kohen is likewise prohibited to marry the daughter of a male convert, even if her mother is a Jewess of unsullied lineage.
5)[line 28]קהל גרים איקרי קהלKEHAL GERIM IKRI KAHAL- converts are called [and are included within] the congregation of HaSh-m, the main body of the Jewish people
6a)[line 37]כשרות מיתוספא בהKASHRUS MITOSFA BAH- she has increased permissibility (relative to her father); that is, (a) she is permitted to the Kohanim, but not considered "Kehal HaSh-m" (RASHI, 1st explanation); (b) she is part of "Kehal HaSh-m" (RASHI, 2nd explanation)
b)[line 38]קדושה מיתוספא בהKEDUSAH MITOSFA BAH- she has increased Kedushah relative to the Kedushah of her father; that is, (a) she is part of the "Kehal HaSh-m" (RASHI, 1st explanation); (b) she is permitted to the Kohanim (RASHI, 2nd explanation)
7)[line 1]יש חופה לפסולותYESH CHUPAH L'PESULOS/EIN CHUPAH LI'PESULOS
Rav and Shmuel argue about whether or not the Chupah that is performed with a woman, who is a Bas Kohen but is Pesulah from marrying a Kohen (for example, she is an Almanah and is marrying a Kohen Gadol), makes her Pesulah from eating Terumah. See Insights.
8)[line 2]ומודה לי אבאU'MODEH LI ABA- and Rav agrees with me. Rav is called Aba (a) as a title of authority (RASHI); (b) because that was his name (ARUCH, Erech Abaye, cited by TOSFOS Chulin 38a DH Itztrich)]
9)[line 8]ומטמאה את בועלה לטמא משכב תחתון כעליוןU'METAM'AH ES BO'ALAH L'TAMEI MISHKAV TACHTON K'ELYON (BO'EL NIDAH)
10)[line 9]אוכלת בתרומהOCHELES BI'TERUMAH
(a)A non-Kohen may not eat Terumah. However, a Kohen's wife who is not herself a Kohenes may eat Terumah, if she is over three years old.
(b)Mid'Oraisa, a Kohen's wife may begin to eat Terumah from the time of her Erusin, betrothal. However, the Rabanan prohibited her from eating Terumah until twelve months after the betrothal, at which point the husband begins to support her even though she has not yet moved into his house. The Tana'im debated the reason for this prohibition. Some say that it was enacted lest the wife feed her siblings from the Terumah that she is eating (since she is still living together with them in her father's house). Others say that it was enacted because of the possibility that the Kohen will find an unexpected blemish in her, causing him to annul their betrothal retroactively. At a later point the Rabanan prohibited her from eating Terumah even after twelve months have passed until the time of her Nisu'in, when she moves into her husband's house.
(c)The wife of a Kohen may continue to eat Terumah as long as her husband or any of their offspring are alive (Vayikra 22:11, Bamidbar 18:11; Nidah 44a).