12th CYCLE DEDICATION
SOTAH 34 - Dedicated by the Glick family of New York towards meriting a Refu'ah Sheleimah for the child Berachah bas Kaila Lieberman, may she have be blessed with a Refu'ah Sheleimah along with any others of our People who need a Refu'ah.

1)

(a)What happened to the flowing water of the Yarden the moment the Kohanim 'dipped their feet' in the river?

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah, the water piled up to a height of twelve Mil. What objection did Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon raise to this?

(c)How high did it pile up according to him? How far away was it visible?

(d)To which miracle was Rachav ha'Zonah referring when she said "Va'nishma Va'yimas Levaveinu ... "?

1)

(a)The moment the Kohanim 'dipped their feet' in the river - it stopped flowing downstream, running itself into a wall instead.

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah, the water piled up to a height of twelve Mil (corresponding to the size of the Camp of Yisrael who crossed in the same formation as they camped). Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon objects to this - on the grounds that water travels more swiftly than people, in which case the water would have reached that height well before the people finished crossing, and would have crashed down on them and drowned them.

(c)According to him, it reached a height of over three hundred Mil, and could be seen by all the kings of Canaan, whose hearts melted (out of fear).

(d)When Rachav ha'Zonah said "Va'nishma Va'yimas Levaveinu ... " - she was referring to the miracle of Keri'as Yam-Suf, which the people of Canaan still remembered vividly (even though it had taken place some forty years earlier).

2)

(a)What did Yehoshua say to Yisrael before they had finished crossing the Yarden?

(b)The Beraisa cites Yehoshua as having said 've'Im Lav, Ba'in Mayim v'Shotfin Oseichem'. What did he mean by that?

(c)What else did Yehoshua do before they had finished crossing the Yarden?

(d)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yehoshua " ... Hachein Sh'teim-Esrei Avanim ... Ve'hinachtem Osam ba'Malon Asher Talinu Bah ha'Laylah"?

2)

(a)Before they had finished crossing the Yarden - Yehoshua told Yisrael that they were only crossing the Yarden on condition that they undertake there and then to destroy the Kena'anim from the land. Otherwise, the water would crash down on them and drown them.

(b)The Beraisa cites Yehoshua as having said 've'Im Lav, Ba'in Mayim v'Shotfin Oseichem', by which he meant - that if they did not accept the above terms, the water would crash drown on him as well as on them (as if the Pasuk had written "Osi v'Eschem").

(c)Before they had finished crossing the Yarden - Yehoshua also instructed them to pick up twelve stones (one for each tribe) to take with them to Gilgal.

(d)We learn from the Pasuk " ... Hachein Sh'teim-Esrei Avanim ... Ve'hinachtem Osam ba'Malon Asher Talinu Bah ha'Laylah" - that they were to leave the stones in the first place they arrived at (Gilgal) and not to transport them from one location to the next.

3)

(a)Rebbi Yosi quoting a number of Tana'im, gives the weight of each of the twelve stones. How much did it it on fact, weigh?

(b)Bearing in mind that they lifted the stones from the Yarden on to their shoulders single-handedly, and based on a tradition that a person is able to carry a weight three times as heavy as one that he can pick up by himself, when others help him pick it up, what would have been the minimum weight that the cluster of grapes that the eight spies brought back with them?

(c)Considering that every 'Mot' is carried by two people, what does "Va'yis'a'uhu ba'Mot bi'Shenayim"?

3)

(a)Rebbi Yosi quoting a number of Tana'im, gives the weight of each of the twelve stones as - forty Se'ah.

(b)Bearing in mind that they lifted the stones from the Yarden on to their shoulders single-handedly, and based on a tradition that a person is able to carry a weight three times as heavy as one that he can pick up by himself, when others help him pick it up, the minimum weight that the cluster of grapes that the eight spies brought back with them would have been - nine hundred and sixty Se'ah.

(c)Considering that every 'Mot' is carried by two people, "Va'yis'a'uhu ba'Mot bi'Shenayim" - must mean that they carried the grapes on two poles.

4)

(a)What did Rav Yitzchak mean when he said 'Turteni, v'Turteni d'Turteni'?

(b)From where does Rav Yitzchak learn this?

(c)We have accounted for ten of the spies. The other two were Kalev and Yehoshua. Why did they not participate in carrying the fruit?

4)

(a)When Rav Yitzchak said 'Turteni, v'Turteni d'Turteni' - he meant that they actually carried the grapes on two pairs of poles, one on top of the other, crossed diagonally and carried on the shoulders of eight men (see also Tosfos).

(b)Rav Yitzchak has no source for this other than the fact that - since only one of the spies would have been required to carry a pomegranate and a fig (apparently, it was only the grapes that reached such astronomical proportions), the remaining eight must have been needed to carry the cluster of grapes (since it is to be assumed that all the spies wanted to participate in the Lashon ha'Ra involving the grapes, with the exception of ... ).

(c)We have accounted for ten of the spies. The other two were Kalev and Yehoshua, who declined to participate in carrying the fruit, either because of their eminence, or because they disagreed with the other spies' negative motives for bringing it back.

34b----------------------------------------34b

5)

(a)We cited earlier Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon's Kashya, that if as Rebbi Yehudah maintains, the water ran itself into a wall twelve Mil tall, then, seeing as the camp of Yisrael was twelve Mil by twelve Mil, they would have drowned as the water crashed down on them before they had finished crossing. Rebbi Yehudah might disagree with Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon's theory that water always travels more swiftly than people. With which statement of Rebbi Yehudah might Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon disagree?

5)

(a)We cited earlier Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon's Kashya, that if as Rebbi Yehudah maintains, the water ran itself into a wall twelve Mil tall, then, seeing as the camp of Yisrael was twelve Mil by twelve Mil, they would have drowned as the water crashed down on them before they had finished crossing. Rebbi Yehudah might disagree with Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon's theory that water always travels more swiftly than people, according to Rebbi Ami or Rebbi Asi. In addition (see Tosfos DH 'ba'Zeh') - Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon might disagree with Rebbi Yehudah's statement that they did crossed the Yarden in the same formation as they camped, but in a long line (tribe after tribe). Consequently, it would have taken much longer for Yisrael to cross (see also Tosfos and Agados Maharsha).

6)

(a)What does Resh Lakish learn from the Pasuk (written in connection with the Spies) ...

1. ... "Shelach-Lecha Anashim"?

2. ... "Va'yitav b'Einai ha'Davar"?

(b)And what does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba extrapolate from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ve'yachperu Lanu Es ha'Aretz" and "Ve'chafrah ha'Levanah U'voshah ha'Chamah" (Yeshayah)?

(c)What does Rebbi Yitzchak say about the names of the spies?

(d)In that light, he explains the name 'S'sur ben Micha'el' to mean that he demolished the words of Hash-m, making himself poorer in the process. How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the name 'Nachbi ben Vafsi' in similar vein?

6)

(a)Reish Lakish learns from the Pasuk (written in connection with the Spies) ...

1. ... "Shelach-Lecha Anashim" - that this was not a command from Hash-m (considering its disastrous ending), but permission for Moshe to send spies should he so wish.

2. ... "Va'yitav b'Einai ha'Davar" - that although their request was good in the eyes of Moshe, it was not good in the eyes of Hash-m.

(b)Rebbi Chiya bar Aba extrapolates from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ve'yachperu Lanu Es ha'Aretz" and "Ve'chafrah ha'Levanah U'voshah ha'Chamah" - that the spies chief intention was to denigrate Eretz Yisrael.

(c)Rebbi Yitzchak cites a tradition - that the names of the spies describe their evil deed.

(d)In that light, he explains the name 'Sesur ben Micha'el' to mean demolished the words of Hash-m, making himself poorer in the process. In similar vein, Rebbi Yochanan explains the name 'Nachbi ben Vafsi' to mean - that he hid the words of Hash-m (from Heichavei - to hide), skipping over what He had said (from the word Pisei'a [to jump]).

7)

(a)Since the Pasuk begins "Va'ya'alu ba'Negev" (in the plural), why does it continue "Va'yavo ad Chevron" (in the singular)?

(b)Why did Yehoshua not join him?

(c)What did the change of name to Yehoshua imply?

(d)What reward did Kalev receive for his trip to Chevron?

7)

(a)Although the Pasuk begins "Va'ya'alu ba'Negev" (in the singular), it ends "Va'yavo ad Chevron" (in the singular) - because Kalev alone went to Me'aras ha'Machpeilah to prostrate himself at the graves of the Avos and to ask them to plead with Hash-m on his behalf for Divine assistance, for the strength to withstand the pressure to participate in the plans of the other spies.

(b)Yehoshua did not join him - because he had already received Moshe's blessings, when he changed his name from Hoshei'a to Yehoshua.

(c)The change of name to Yehoshua implied - a prayer for Hash-m to save him from the spies' plans.

(d)In reward for his trip to Chevron, Kalev received Chevron (for his descendants, and for himself as a burial-site).

8)

(a)The spies related in awe how they had seen the three sons of the giant Anak, Achiman, Sheishai and Talmai. Sheishai and Talmai were so-called because the one made holes in the ground as he walked (from the word 'Shachas' - a pit) and the other, created furrows ('Telamim'). Why was the first brother called "Achiman"?

(b)Why were they called "Bnei Anak"?

(c)What other distinction did they share?

8)

(a)The spies related in awe how they had seen the three sons of the giant Anak, Achiman, Sheishai and Talmai. Sheishai and Talmai were so-called because the one made holes in the ground as he walked (from the word 'Shachas' - a pit) and the other, created furrows (Telamim). The first brother was called "Achiman" - because he was 'Meyuman she'be'Echav' (the strongest of the brothers).

(b)They were called "Bnei Anak" - because so tall were they, that the sun appeared like a necklace (Anak) around their necks.

(c)They also shared the distinction - that each of them built a town, Anas, Alash and Talbush respectively.

9)

(a)Seeing as Cana'an, the son of Cham, was younger than Mitzrayim, it was considered unethical to build him a town before building one for his older brother. In that case, what does the Torah mean when it writes "v'Chevron Sheva Shanim Nivnesah Lifnei Tzo'an Mitzrayim"?

(b)What makes this particularly remarkable?

(c)How do we know that ...

1. ... on the one hand, Chevron was the rockiest (and the least productive) part of Eretz Yisrael?

2. ... on the other, Tzo'an was the most productive part of Egypt?

9)

(a)Seeing as Canaan, the son of Cham, was younger than Mitzrayim, it was considered unethical to build him a town before building one for his older brother. Consequently, when the Torah writes "v'Chevron Sheva Shanim Nivnesah Lifnei Tzo'an Mitzrayim" - it means that its harvest was seven times as successful as that of Tzo'an.

(b)This is particularly remarkable - because, due to its relatively poor quality soil, it was the least productive area in Eretz Yisrael; whereas Tzo'an was the most productive area in Egypt.

(c)We know that ...

1. ... on the one hand, Chevron was the rockiest (and the least productive) part of Eretz Yisrael - from the fact that it was designated as a burial site.

2. ... on the other, Tzo'an was the most productive part of Egypt - because it was where the royal palace was built for the kings to live there.

10)

(a)If the best rams came from Mo'av, where did the best lambs come from?

(b)How do we reconcile this with what we just said (that Chevron is particularly rocky)?

10)

(a)The best rams came from Mo'av - the best lambs from Chevron.

(b)Not only does this not clash with what we just said (that Chevron is particularly rocky), but it even supports it - since it is precisely because Chevron was not lucrative as regards produce-growing, that they designated it as grazing-ground.

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