12th CYCLE DEDICATION
SOTAH 23-25 - A week of study material has been dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov (Irving) ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Irving Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and is dearly missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.

1)

(a)The Tana of our Mishnah now lists five cases where a Sotah does not drink the water. She does not drink it if she admits that she is guilty, or if witnesses testify to that effect. How else can she avoid drinking it?

(b)Neither does she drink if her husband does not want her to. What is the fifth case?

(c)Why is the Minchah of a Yisre'eilis who is married to a Kohen burned and not eaten by the Kohanim?

(d)Why does the same not apply to a Kohenes who is married to a Yisrael or to a Levi, or who is divorced or widowed? What happens to it?

1)

(a)The Tana of our Mishnah now lists five cases where a Sotah does not drink the water. She does not drink it if she admits that she is guilty, if witnesses testify to that effect - or if she refuses to drink.

(b)Neither does she drink if her husband does not want to her to - or if he was intimate with her on the way to Yerushalayim.

(c)The Minchah of a Yisre'eilis who is married to a Kohen is burned and not eaten by the Kohanim - because the Torah writes in Tzav "v'Chol Minchas Kohen Kalil Tiheyeh Lo Se'afeh".

(d)The Minchah of a Kohenes who is married to a Yisrael or to a Levi, or one who is divorced or widowed - is eaten by the Kohanim, because the word "Minchas Kohen" does not incorporate a Kohenes.

2)

(a)The Tana lists another three distinctions between a Kohen and a Kohenes. One of them is 'Kohenes Mis'chaleles, v'Ein Kohen Mischalel'. What does this mean?

(b)One of the two remaining distinctions concerns Tum'ah, the other, Kodshei Kodashim. What are they?

2)

(a)The Tana lists another three distinctions between a Kohen and a Kohenes. One of them is 'Kohenes Mis'chaleles, v'Ein Kohen Mis'chalel' - meaning that in the event that a Kohen marries a Gerushah, Zonah or Chalulah, his wife is a Chalalah (and their children, Chalalim), but he is not a Chalal.

(b)One of the two remaining distinctions is - that a Kohen is forbidden to become Tamei Mes, a Kohenes is not; the other - that a Kohen is permitted to eat Kodshei Kodashim (Chatas, Asham and Minchah), whereas a Kohenes is not.

3)

(a)The Tana also lists eight distinctions between a man and a woman. What does the Tana mean when he says 'ha'Ish Pore'a u'Porem, v'Ein ha'Ishah Pore'a u'Poremes'?

(b)Which two Dinim regarding ...

1. ... Nezirus pertain to a man but not to a woman?

2. ... a daughter pertain to a man and not to a woman?

(c)Which Din pertains to a man but not to a woman regarding ...

1. ... stoning?

2. ... hanging? Who is hanged anyway?

(d)What is the last difference (connected with a Ganav) listed by the Tana between a man and a woman?

3)

(a)The Tana also lists eight distinctions between a man and a woman. When the Tana says 'ha'Ish Pore'a u'Porem, v'Ein ha'Ishah Pore'a u'Poremes' - he is referring to the Mitzvah of a Metzora letting his hair grow and tearing his clothes, which does not apply to a Metzora'as.

(b)The two Dinim regarding ...

1. ... Nezirus that pertain to a man but not to a woman are - that a man can be Madir his son to be a Nazir, whereas a woman cannot, and a man can use for his own Nezirus, the animals that his father designated for his Nezirus before he died, whereas a woman cannot.

2. ... a daughter that pertain to a man and not to a woman - are that a father can accept Kidushin for his daughter and that he can sell her (as long as she has not yet become a Bogeres), whereas her mother cannot.

(c)The Din that pertains to a man but not to a woman regarding ...

1. ... stoning is - that a man is stoned without clothes, but a woman is not.

2. ... hanging is - that a man who is stoned is briefly hanged after the stoning, but a woman is not.

(d)The last difference listed by the Tana between a man and a woman is - that a man who cannot afford to pay for his theft is sold, but a woman is not.

4)

(a)The Beraisa elaborates on the Din in our Mishnah, that if a woman is married to a Kohen, her Minchah is completely burned. Seeing as it is the woman's Minchah, why should it be?

(b)The Minchah of a Kohen does not require Kemitzah. How about that of his wife?

(c)So what happens to her Korban?

4)

(a)The Beraisa elaborates on the Din in our Mishnah, that if a woman is married to a Kohen, we learned in our Mishnah that her Minchah is completely burned - because it is her husband who brings the Korban on her behalf. Consequently, despite the fact that it is his wife's Minchah, he has a share in it.

(b)The Minchah of a Kohen requires Kemitzah. His wife's Korban however - does, because the Korban is basically hers.

(c)The Kometz of her Minchah and the remainder of the Korban are each burned seperately.

5)

(a)What is the problem with bringing the Kometz as well the rest of the Minchah on the Mizbe'ach?

(b)Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi initially answers this Kashya according to Rebbi Elazar. What does Rebbi Elazar in a Beraisa Darshen from the words "l'Rei'ach Nicho'ach" with regard to the limbs of a Chatas which became mixed up with those of an Olah?

(c)The Kashya remains however, according to the Rabanan of Rebbi Elazar. What do they say?

(d)To answer the Kashya according to the Rabanan therefore, we explain that the remainder of the Minchah is treated in the same way as the Minchas Chotei of a Kohen according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon. What happens to the Minchas Chotei of a Kohen, according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon?

5)

(a)The problem with bringing the Kometz as well the rest of the Minchah on the Mizbe'ach - lies in the principle that any Korban of which part goes on the Mizbe'ach, must be eaten and may not be burned.

(b)Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi initially answers this Kashya according to Rebbi Elazar, who Darshens in a Beraisa from the words "l'Rei'ach Nicho'ach" - that if the limbs of a Chatas became mixed up with those of an Olah, the Kohen brings them all on the Mizbe'ach, specifically considering the meat of the Chatas as if it was wood of the Ma'arachah (because one only transgresses for bringing what should be eaten on the Mizbe'ach, if it is brought as flesh).

(c)The Kashya remains however, according to the Rabanan of Rebbi Elazar - who say that even if the Kohen specifically considers the meat as if it were wood, he nevertheless transgresses the Lav.

(d)To answer the Kashya according to the Rabanan therefore, we explain that the remainder of the Minchah is treated in the same way as the Minchas Chotei of a Kohen according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon - who says that the Kometz is brought on the Mizbe'ach and the remainder of the Minchah is burned in the Beis ha'Deshen (in the Azarah).

6)

(a)What do the Rabanan say with regard to the Minchas Chotei of a Kohen?

(b)What exactly is the Minchas Chotei of a Kohen?

(c)In that case, why will they agree with Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon in the case of a Minchas Kohenes?

6)

(a)The Rabanan say - that the Minchas Chotei of a Kohen is burned whole (without taking a Kemitzah) like his Nedavah.

(b)The Minchas Chotei of a Kohen is - the Korban Oleh v'Yored (of a very poor Kohen in the case of Shemi'as Kol, Bituy Sefasayim or Tum'as Mikdash v'Kadashav).

(c)They agree however, with Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon in the case of a Minchas Kohenes - because, unlike the Kohen's Minchas Chotei, it is not possible to bring it whole because of the part of the Korban that belongs to the Kohenes (as we explained above).

23b----------------------------------------23b

7)

(a)What do we learn from the Pasuk in ...

1. ... Emor "v'Lo Yechalel Zar'o b'Amav"?

2. ... Emor "Emor el ha'Kohanim Bnei Aharon"?

3. ... Tzav "Kol Zachar bi'Venei Aharon Yochlenah" (regarding Kodshei Kodashim)?

(b)And what does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Tazri'a ...

1. ... "v'ha'Tzaru'a Asher Bo he'Nega"?

2. ... "Ish Tzaru'a Hu" (written in the previous Pasuk)?

7)

(a)We learn from the Pasuk in ...

1. ... Emor "v'Lo Yechalel Zar'o b'Amav" - that although a Kohen who marries a woman who is Pasul li'Kehunah renders her and the children who are born to them Chalalim, he himself does not become a Chalal.

2. ... Emor "Emor el ha'Kohanim Bnei Aharon" - that the warning against a Kohen becoming Tamei Mes is confined to Kohanim, but does not extend to Kohanos.

3. ... Tzav "Kol Zachar bi'V'nei Aharon Yochlenah" - that only Kohanim are permitted to eat Kodshei Kodashim, but not Kohanos.

(b)The Beraisa learns from the Pasuk in Tazri'a ...

1. ... "v'ha'Tzaru'a Asher Bo he'Nega"(which is superfluous) - that the Tzara'as of Nesakin (Tzara'as in the place where hair grows) applies to women as well as to men.

2. ... "Ish Tzaru'a Hu" (written in the previous Pasuk) - that 'Peri'ah and Perimah' (which we described in our Mishnah) do not apply to women.

8)

(a)What source does Rebbi Yochanan present for the ruling that a man can ...

1. ... declare his son a Nazir, but not a woman?

2. ... bring his deceased father's Korbenos Nazir for his own Nezirus, but not a woman?

(b)What do we learn from the Pasuk in ...

1. ... Ki Setzei "es Biti Nasati la'Ish ha'Zeh"?

2. ... Mishpatim "Ki Yimkor Ish es Bito l'Amah"?

(c)The Torah writes in Shoftim (in connection with Sekilah) "Ve'Hotzeisa es ha'Ish ha'Hu O es ha'Ishah ha'Hi". So what do we learn from the Pasuk in ...

1. ... Emor "Ve'ragmu Oso"?

2. ... Ki Setzei "Ve'salisa Oso al Etz"?

3. ... Mishpatim "Ve'nimkar bi'Geneivaso"?

8)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan presents the source for the ruling that a man can ...

1. ... declare his son a Nazir, but not a woman, and that he can ...

2. ... bring his deceased father's Korbenos Nazir for his own Nezirus, but not a woman - as Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai.

(b)We learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Ki Setzei "es Biti Nasati la'Ish ha'Zeh" - that a girl (who is not yet a Bogeres) can be married off by her father, but not by her mother.

2. ... in Mishpatim "Ki Yimkor Ish es Bito l'Amah" - that a girl (who is not yet a Bogeres) can be sold by her father, but not by her mother.

(c)The Torah writes in Shoftim (in connection with Sekilah) "Ve'Hotzeisa es ha'Ish ha'Hu O es ha'Ishah ha'Hi". We learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Emor "Ve'Ragmu Oso" - that a man is stoned naked but not a woman.

2. ... in Ki Setzei "Ve'salisa Oso al Etz" - that a man who has been stoned to death must be momentarily hanged, but not a woman.

3. ... in Mishpatim "Ve'nimkar bi'Geneivaso" - that a man (who cannot repay what he stole) is sold for having stolen, but not a woman.

HADRAN ALACH 'HAYAH NOTEL'

PEREK ARUSAH

9)

(a)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Naso (concerning Sotah) "Asher Tisteh Ishah Tachas Ishah"? Which two cases does the Pasuk come to preclude?

(b)Are they subject to Kinuy and Setirah? Who warns the Yevamah?

(c)Do they receive their Kesuvah?

(d)Assuming that we do not follow the opinion of Rav Hamnuna (who forbids a Yevamah who has committed adultery with another man to the Yavam), why does the Yevamah lose her Kesuvah?

9)

(a)The Pasuk in Naso "Asher Tisteh Ishah Tachas Ishah" comes to preclude a girl who is betrothed but not yet married and a Yevamah from drinking the Mei Sotah.

(b)They are nevertheless subject to Kinuy and Setirah (seeing as the Pasuk only precludes them from drinking). The Yevamah is warned - by the Yavam.

(c)They do not receive their Kesuvah - the Arusah, because she caused herself to become Asur to her betrothed, the Yevamah ...

(d)... even assuming that we do not follow the opinion of Rav Hamnuna (who forbids a Yevamah who had committed adultery with another man on the Yavam) - because the Yavam is nevertheless entitled to decline to marry a Zonah.

10)

(a)In which regard does the Tana of our Mishnah list 'Almanah l'Kohen Gadol, Gerushah va'Chalutzah l'Kohen Hedyot, Mamzeres u'Nesinah l'Yisrael, u'Bas Yisrael l'Mamzer ule'Nasin? What do they have in common?

(b)Why do they not drink?

(c)Does a regular Almanah l'Kohen Gadol receive a Kesuvah?

(d)Then why does this one lose it?

10)

(a)The Tana of our Mishnah lists 'Almanah l'Kohen Gadol, Gerushah va'Chalutzah l'Kohen Hedyot, Mamzeres u'Nesinah l'Yisrael, u'Bas Yisrael l'Mamzer u'le'Nasin'. What they all have in common is - that they all do not drink, but neither do they receive their Kesuvah.

(b)The reason that they do not drink is - because "Ki Sisteh Ishto" implies a woman with whom he is fit to live (to preclude one whom he is obligated to divorce).

(c)A regular Almanah l'Kohen Gadol - does receive a Kesuvah.

(d)This one however loses it - because her seclusion with another man after having been warned not to, would have forbidden her on him even if he would have been previously permitted.

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