SOTAH 29 (19 Sivan) - Dedicated in memory of Shlomo Aumann (son of Professor Yisrael Aumann of Yerushalayim), Talmudic Scholar and man of the world, killed in action in Lebanon on the eve of the 19th of Sivan, 5742.

[29a - 35 lines; 29b - 33 lines]

1)[line 17, 20]"והבשר אשר יגע בכל טמא לא יאכל [באש ישרף]; והבשר, כל טהור יאכל בשר""V'HA'BASAR ASHER YIGA B'CHOL TAMEI LO YE'ACHEL, [BA'ESH YISAREF]; V'HA'BASAR, KOL TAHOR YOCHAL BASAR"- "Any [sacrificial] flesh that comes in contact with something Tamei may not be eaten; [it must be burned in fire]; and as for the flesh, all who are Tahor shall eat of it (Vayikra 7:19).

2)[line 19]דלא יאכלD'LO YE'ACHEL (TUM'AS BASAR)

If an animal of Kodshim becomes Tamei, its meat is forbidden to be eaten as it states, "veha'Basar Asher Yiga b'Chol Tamei Lo Ye'achel" (Vayikra 7:19). The punishment for intentionally eating meat that is Tamei is Malkos (SEFER HA'CHINUCH #145).

3)[line 22]לא יאכלLO YOCHAL (TUM'AS HA'GUF)

(a)Regarding a person who becomes Tamei the verse states, "b'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga," (Vayikra 12:4) from which we learn that it is forbidden for a person who is Tamei to eat Kodshim.

(b)The punishment for transgressing this Lav intentionally is Kares. If one transgresses it unintentionally he must bring a Korban Oleh v'Yored (SEFER HA'CHINUCH Mitzvah #167). If a person who is Tamei eats the blood of Kodshim, he does not transgress this prohibition.

(c)This is not to be confused with Tum'as Basar (see previous entry), which is also called Tamei. Tum'as Basar means that the Kodshim, as opposed to the person eating it or offering it, became Tamei.

4a)[line 28]נוגעNOGE'A- the Nitma, the person who is Tahor who comes into contact with the Tum'ah

b)[line 28]ומגיעU'MAGI'A- and the Metamei, the person (or object) who makes the person who is Tahor Tamei (lit. who makes the Tum'ah touch the person)

5)[line 32]טבול יוםTEVUL YOM

A Tevul Yom is a person or utensil that has been immersed in a Mikvah to become Tahor for Chulin, but is still waiting for nightfall to be completely Tahor with regard to Terumah. The level of Tum'ah of a Tevul Yom is minimal; he or it is considered only a Sheni l'Tum'ah and if he or it touches Terumah or Kodesh, the Terumah or Kodesh becomes Pasul and must be burned. Chulin that he or it touches do not become Teme'im. After the following nightfall, he or it becomes completely Tahor with regard to Terumah.


6)[line 1]מטבול יום דשרץMI'TEVUL YOM D'SHERETZ- from a person who is a Tevul Yom after touching a Sheretz

7)[line 11]מחוסר כיפוריםMECHUSAR KIPURIM

(a)There are three stages in the Taharah (purification) process of a Zav, Zavah, Yoledes, and Metzora:

1.Tevilah (immersing in a Ma'ayan for a Zav, or in a Mikvah for the others),

2.He'erev Shemesh (nightfall after the Tevilah),

3.a Korban.

(b)The above Teme'im may not eat Terumah until nightfall after the Tevilah. They may not eat Kodshim until they have brought their Korbanos the following morning. A Tamei who has only immersed is called a Tevul Yom until nightfall. After nightfall he is called a Mechusar Kaparim until he brings his Korban.

8)[line 19]טעם בריביTA'AM BERIBI- the reason of the great Talmid Chacham (and Gadol ha'Dor, Rebbi Yosi)

9)[line 23]תחילה לקודשTECHILAH L'KODESH- is a Rishon l'Tum'ah with regard to Kodesh

10)[line 23]לטמא שנים ולפסול אחדL'TAMEI SHENAYIM V'LIFSOL ECHAD- to make two levels that are Tamei (Sheni and Shelishi) and one level that is Pasul (Revi'i). An object that can make another object Tamei is called Tamei; and object that is itself Tamei but cannot make another object Tamei is called Pasul.

11)[line 31]מאוכל שבא מחמת טבול יוםME'OCHEL SHE'BA MACHMAS TEVUL YOM- from food that became Tamei because it touched a Tevul Yom