[17a - 72 lines; 17b - 37 lines]

*********************GIRSA SECTION*********************

We recommend using the Girsa'os of the Vilna Gaon printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas, and the commentary "Tiklin Chadtin" upon which they are based. This section is devoted to any OTHER important corrections that conform to the commentary of the Tiklin Chadtin which are not noted in the Hagahos ha'Gra, and Girsa corrections in the text of the Tiklin Chadtin itself.

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1)[line 1] NISUCH HA'MAYIM

A Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai teaches us that on Sukos in the Beis ha'Mikdash, there is a Mitzvah of Nisuch ha'Mayim (lit. pouring of the water). Three Lugim (approx. 1.5 liter) of water are drawn from the Shilo'ach spring, which is located to the south of the Temple Mount. This water is then brought to the Azarah amidst a joyous procession, in fulfillment of the verse, "u'She'avtem Mayim b'Sason..." - "and you shall draw water with rejoicing..." (Yeshayah 12:3). The Kohen who is chosen to pour the water ascends the Mizbe'ach and pours the water from a golden flask into one of the Sefalim (silver libation pipes located in the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach). The Nisuch ha'Mayim takes place each day of Sukos at the time of the morning Tamid sacrifice amidst much rejoicing.

2)[line 2] MAYIM MEFAKIM- the water [will be] flowing as from the opening of a pitcher

3)[line 2] MIFTAN HA'BAYIS- the threshold of the Ulam

4)[line 6]PISHPESHIN- small doors or gates

5)[line 13]" , , [ , , ]""V'HAYAH BA'YOM HA'HU, YEITZE'U MAYIM CHAYIM MI'YERUSHALAYIM, [CHETZYAM EL HA'YAM HA'KADMONI, V'CHETZYAM EL HA'YAM HA'ACHARON; BA'KAYITZ UVA'CHOREF YIHYEH]"- "And it shall be that on that day that fresh water will go forth from Yerushalayim, [half to the eastern sea and half to the western sea; it will be [flowing] during the summer and the winter]" (Zecharyah 14:8) - The Gemara now proceeds to discuss the second reason given in the Mishnah for the name of Sha'ar ha'Mayim.

6)[line 15] K'KARNEI SILEI V'CHILYEI- like the horns of (types of) snails

7)[line 16]( ) [ ]MI'MIFTAN HA'BAYIS LA'AZARAH- from the threshold of the Ulam until the gate of the Azarah.(This is the Girsa of the GR"A, based on Yechezkel 47:1). The water exited the Azarah from Sha'ar ha'Mayim; this gate was located near the Ezras Kohanim which extended eleven Amos between the Ezras Yisrael and the Mizbe'ach; it was located opposite the Mizbe'ach to the south, as described in the Mishnah.

8a)[line 16] K'CHUT SHEL SHESI- like the thread of the loom that runs lengthwise; the warp

b)[line 17] K'CHUT SHEL EIREV- like the thread that runs crosswise across the loom; the woof, which is thicker than the thread of the warp

9)[line 18] K'MIPI HA'PACH- as from the opening of a pitcher

10)[line 18]"[, , , ] , ""... V'HINEI MAYIM MEFAKIM MIN HA'KASEIF HA'YEMANIS"- "[And he brought me out by the way of the gate northward, and led me around the way outside of the outer gate by the way that looks eastward;] and behold! Water ran out on the south side!" (Yechezkel 47:2).

11)[line 20] AD KARSULEI- until his ankles

12)[line 21] AD BIRKEYEI- until his knees

13)[line 22] AD MASNAYA- until the hips

14)[line 23] BIRNIN GEDOLAH- a large ship

15)[line 24]"[ ' , , ] ""[KI IM SHAM ADIR HASH-M LANU, MEKOM NEHARIM YE'ORIM RACHAVEI YADAYIM; BAL TELECH BO ONI SHAYIT,] V'TZI ADIR LO YA'AVRENU"- "[But there HaSh-m in His majesty will be for us a place of broad rivers and streams; where no galley with oars can go,] neither shall large ships be able to pass by it" (Yeshayah 33:21).

16)[line 25]"[ , ] , [ ""[VA'YAMOD ELEF, NACHAL ASHER LO UCHAL LA'AVOR;] KI GA'U HA'MAYIM MEI SACHU, [NACHAL ASHEL LO YE'AVER]"- "[And he measured [another] thousand, [and it became] a stream that I was unable to cross;] for the water grew deep enough for swimming, [a stream that could not be crossed]" (Yechezkel 47:5).

17)[line 26]MI'LASHUT- from swimming; alt. sailing

18a)[line 26]B'ASRIN- in our place

b)[line 26] KARU L'SHAYATA, SACHVANA- they call a swimmer, "Sachvana"

19)[line 29] MAYIN D'MISMALELIN B'ALMA- (a) water that is talked about throughout the world; (b) water that gives the power of speech in the world; (c) water that brings about praising of HaSh-m in the world

20)[line 29]" , , , , ""BA'YOM HA'HU YIHYEH MAKOR NIFTACH L'VEIS DAVID UL'YOSHEVEI YERUSHALAYIM, L'CHATAS UL'NIDAH"- "On that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Yerushalayim, for cleansing and for sprinkling" (Zecharyah 13:1). The word for "sprinkling" is the same as the word for the Tum'ah of Nidah.

21)[line 33] MEI TA'AROVOS- water which is a mixture of spring water and rainwater


If a person or utensil becomes Tamei by touching a Mes or being in the same room as a Mes (or a part of a Mes which is Metamei b'Ohel), he/it must wait seven days before he/it is able to go to the Mikvah in order to become Tahor. On the third and seventh days, Mei Chatas is sprinkled on the person or utensil. Mei Chatas is a mixture of ashes of a Parah Adumah (see Background to 10:31) and spring water. A person who is Tahor dips three Ezov (hyssop) branches which have been bound together into the mixture, and sprinkles them on the person or utensil which is Tamei. After this process is complete, the person or utensil is immersed in a Mikvah. Once night falls, the purification process is complete (Bamidbar 19:17-19).

23)[line 36]KATAFRISOS - slopes (MIKVA'OS: KATAFRAS)

(a)The Torah informs us that a "Mikveh Mayim" (an accumulation of water) causes a person or object who is Tamei to become Tahor (Vayikra 11:36). Chazal teach that this Mikveh Mayim is only Metaher if collected in a cavity, or "b'Ashboren."

(b)Water running down a slope (Katafras) cannot be Metaher since this is not considered an accumulation of water. This is because the droplets of water running down the slope are not gathered as one; they are simply going in the same direction.

24)[line 37]" , ; , [( ') [] ]""VA'YOMER EILAI, 'HA'MAYIM HA'ELEH YOTZE'IM EL HA'GELILAH HA'KADMONAH, V'YARDU EL HA'ARAVAH; U'VA'U HA'YAMAH, EL HA'YAMAH HA'MUTZA'IM, [V'NIRPU HA'MAYIM]'"- "Then he said to me, 'These waters flow out toward the eastern region, and go down into the Aravah. And upon their entering the sea the sea where the waters originate from [--the waters shall be healed]'" (Yechezkel 47:8) - The Gemara gives a specific geographical location for each of the seas mentioned in this verse.

25)[line 38] () []YAM SHEL SIVCHAI- the Lake of Sivchai [Girsa of TIKIN CHADTIN], the Chula Lake, which is currently drained swampland

26)[line 39] YAM SHEL TEVERYA- the Sea of Tiberias; Lake Kineret

27)[line 40] HA'YAM HA'GADOL- the Mediterranean Sea

28)[line 41] SHTEI PE'AMIM SHE'YATZA- the two times that it exceeded its boundaries and flooded the land

29)[line 43]KELAVRI'AH- Calabria, the peninsula in the southeast of Italy

30)[line 44] KEIFEI BARBARI'AH- the rocks of Azania, the east African coast

31)[line 45] YATZA AD AKO V'AD YAFO- it flooded the land until Ako and Yafo, which became the coastal cities of Eretz Yisrael

32)[line 46]"[] ; ""[VA'OMAR,] 'AD POH SAVO V'LO SOSIF; U'FO YASHIS BI'GE'ON GALECHA'"- "[And I said,] 'Until here shall you go, and no further; and only here shall your waves flaunt their majesty'" (Iyov 38:11).

33)[line 48] ()NICHA- it is understandable

34)[line 48] BISHVIL L'MITEKAN- in order to sweeten them

35)[line 49] L'RABOS DEGASAM- to increase [the number of species of] their fish

36a)[line 53]"... ( ') [] ""... V'NIRPU HAMAYIM"- "... the waters shall be healed]'" (Yechezkel 47:8)- See above entry #24. The Gemara quotes the last two words of this verse in order to show that they contradict the words of verse 11; see nest entry.

b)[line 53]" , ""BITZOSAV U'GEVE'AV V'LO YERAFE'U, L'MELACH NITANU"- "But its swamps and pools will not become sweetened; they will always be salty" (Yechezkel 47:11) - The Gemara then answers that there is a place called "Lo Yeraf'u," in which the waters will never become sweetened. This, however, will also be a blessing, since they will be set aside to provide salt. (The name of this place is quoted as "Velo Yeraf'u" in almost all of the editions of Maseches Shekalim other than the printed edition printed before the author of the Hagahos Dikdukei Sofrim. Rav Chayim Kanievsky, however, calls the place "Lo Yeraf'u.")

37)[line 63]" , ' , , , ""U'VENEI TZIYON, GILU V'SIMCHU BA'SH-M E-LOKEICHEM, KI NASAN LACHEM ES HA'MOREH LI'TZEDAKAH; VA'YORED LACHEM GESHEM MOREH U'MALKOSH, BA'RISHON"- "Children of Tziyon, exult and be glad with HaSh-m, your G-d, for He has given you a teacher for righteousness, and He has brought down the rain for you - the early rain and the late rain - in the first [month]" (Yoel 2:23) - All of the rain necessary for the barley that was needed for the Korban ha'Omer to grow that year fell on Rosh Chodesh Nisan - 15 days prior to the offering of the Korban ha'Omer.

38)[line 65]"[... ] ""...V'ALEIHU LI'TERUFAH"- "[... so its fruit will be for food] and its leaves for healing" (Yechezkel 47:12).

39)[line 65]TARFEI- it is a laxative

40)[line 65] MATZITZ ALEI V'TARAF MEZONEI- one need only suck its leaves for his food to be digested

41)[line 68] DOFNI SHEL ANTOCHYA- Daphne near Antioch, the ancient capital of Syria, which is situated on the Orontes

42)[line 69] ?HIGI'A ZEMAN HA'BAYIS HA'ZEH LEI'CHAREV?- has the time come for the Beis ha'Mikdash to be destroyed?


43)[line 1] CHOREI YEHUDAH- the officers of Malchus Yehudah

44)[line 2]" ; ""MASA GEI CHIZAYON; MAH LACH EIFO, KI ALIS KULACH LA'GAGOS"- "A prophecy concerning the Valley of Vision: What happened to you now, that you have all gone up to the roofs?" (Yeshayah 22:1).

45)[line 5] BEIS HA'MITBACHAYIM- the slaughter-area of the Azarah

46)[line 6]KEVESH- the ramp of the Mizbe'ach

47a)[line 13] TENI AL SHEL KESEF- the Beraisa states [that the Lechem ha'Panim, when it was brought into the Heichal, was placed] on a silver table (and not one of marble).

b)[line 16]MARTIACH- it warms the bread placed upon it, causing it to become moldy - See TIKLIN CHADTIN for alternate Girsa.

48)[line 20] EIN MAZKIRIN MA'ASEH NISIM- one may not rely on a miracle, even when performing a Mitzvah

49)[line 21] , LO HAYAH SHAM LECHEM, MAHU L'HANICHO L'SHABBOS HA'BA'AH?- (a) If new Lechem ha'Panim (see background to Shekalim 9:68) is not available on Shabbos, can the previous week's Lechem be left on the Shulchan for an additional week, [or will it become Pasul due to Linah]? (see Girsa of TIKLIN CHADTIN); (b) If no Lechem was on the Shulchan at all, and it becomes available mid-week, should it be left aside to be placed the coming Shabbos, [or should it be placed on the Shulchan immediately, despite its becoming Pasul due to lack of a full week]? (KORBAN HA'EDAH)