12TH CYCLE DEDICATIONS:
 
PESACHIM 6-10 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the sixth Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rebbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study, which was so important to him, during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

1)

CHECKING A CELLAR AND A STOREROOM (Yerushalmi Halachah 1 Daf 2b)

מרתף של יין צריכה בדיקה. מרתף של שמן אינו צריך בדיקה

(a)

A wine cellar needs checking but an oil cellar does not.

מה בין יין ומה בין שמן

(b)

Question: What is the difference?

יין אין לו קבע שמן יש לו קבע

(c)

Answer: The quantity of oil is fixed (for any given meal) but the quantity of wine is not [so the servant will often need to go to the cellar during the meal to bring more wine and will have bread in his hand].

אוצר בין של יין בין של שמן אינו צריך בדיקה

(d)

Neither a wine storeroom nor an oil storeroom require checking.

אי זהו מרתף

(e)

Question: When is it considered a wine cellar [rather than a storeroom]?

כל שנתון עם הלחם בחצר

(f)

Answer: If it is located in the courtyard adjacent to the room in which one puts bread (Pnei Moshe)

יש מרתף שהוא כאוצר ואוצר שהוא כמרתף.

(g)

There is a cellar that is considered a storeroom and there is a storeroom that is considered a cellar -

מרתף שהוא בוש לוכל בתוכו הרי הוא כאוצר.

1.

A cellar in which one is embarrassed to eat is considered a storeroom.

ואוצר שאינו בוש לוכל בתוכו הרי הוא כמרתף

2.

A storeroom in which one is not embarrassed to eat is considered a cellar.

יש חצר שהוא כמבוי ומבוי שהוא כחצר.

(h)

There is a courtyard that is considered an alley and there is an alley that is considered a courtyard -

חצר שהרבים בוקעין בתוכה הרי הוא כמבוי.

1.

A courtyard that many pass through is considered an alley (and it does not require checking).

ומבוי שאין הרבים בוקעין בתוכו הרי הוא כחצר

2.

An alley that many do not pass through is considered a courtyard (and it requires checking).

וחש לומר שמא הבהמים מכניסין לתוכו חמץ

(i)

Question: But perhaps the donkey drivers brought bread into the storeroom when coming to taste the wine (so why is a storeroom exempt from being checked)?

אין דרך הבהמים להיות מכניסין לשם חמץ אלא מיני מתיקה. שהן בודקין היין היפה

(j)

Answer: They only bring in sweet fruits, not bread (this assists them in tasting the wine before they purchase it).

2)

DEPARTING ON A VOYAGE BEFORE PESACH (Yerushalmi Halachah 1 Daf 2b)

היוצא לפרש

(a)

(Beraisa): One who departs on a voyage -

קודם שלשים יום אינו צריך לבדוק.

1.

If it is more than 30 days before Pesach, he is not required to check.

בתוך שלשים צריך לבדוק

2.

If it is less than 30 days before Pesach, he is required to check.

הדא דתימר בשיש בדעתו לחזור אבל אין בדעתו לחזור אפילו קודם לשלשים יום צריך לבדוק

(b)

This only applies to one who plans on returning before Pesach, but if not, even if it is more than 30 days before Pesach, he is still required to check.

ובספק אבל בודאי אפי' מראש השנה

(c)

This exemption from checking if it more than 30 days with intent to return is only when he is unsure if he has Chametz in his house, but if he is certain that he has Chametz there, he must return even if he leaves at the beginning of the year.

א"ר בא ואפי' יש בדעתו לחזור צריך לבדוק שמא ימלך ולא יחזור

(d)

Rebbi Abba: Even if he intends to return he must still check, lest he decide not to return.

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