(a)Rav Huna establishes our Mishnah like Rebbi Yosi, who distinguishes between Erev Shabbos and Yom-Tov and Erev Pesach, with regard to not eating a meal after Samuch l'Minchah. If Rebbi Yosi agrees with the prohibition of eating a meal on Erev Pesach Samuch l'Minchah, what does Rebbi Yirmeyahu quoting Rebbi Yochanan, mean when he rules like Rebbi Yehudah by Erev Pesach (implying that Rebbi Yosi argues)?
(b)How does Rebbi Yirmeyahu rule with regard to starting a meal on Erev Shabbos Samuch l'Minchah?
(a)When Rebbi Yirmeyahu quoting Rebbi Yochanan, rules like Rebbi Yehudah by Erev Pesach (implying that Rebbi Yosi argues) - he is referring, not to the prohibition of beginning a meal (with which Rebbi Yosi agrees), but with interrupting a meal which they begun eating b'Heter - before Minchah; according to Rebbi Yehudah, they are obligated to stop eating when Shabbos enters, to remove the table and to recite Birchas ha'Mazon, before bringing it in specially in honor of the Shabbos. Rebbi Yosi disagrees - according to him, one just continues eating when Shabbos enters.
(b)With regard to starting a meal on Erev Shabbos Samuch l'Minchah - Rebbi Yirmeyahu rules like Rebbi Yosi, that one is permitted to do so right up to nightfall.
(a)In what connection did Rebbi Yosi quote the Pasuk in Esther "ha'Gam Lichbosh es ha'Malkah Imi ba'Bayis" to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel?
(b)The latter referred to the former as 'Berivi'. What does Berivi mean?
(c)Why did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel accept Rebbi Yosi's protest?
(a)Raban Shimon ben Gamliel wanted to rule stringently on Erev Shabbos - to stop eating and remove the table like Rebbi Yehudah - even though Rebbi Yosi was present. That is why Rebbi Yosi exclaimed in surprise "ha'Gam Lichbosh es ha'Malkah Imi ba'Bayis?" -- 'Do you want to rule against me even in my presence?' -- in spite of the fact that he always followed the opinion of Rebbi Yosi (whenever he argued with an individual).
(b)'Berivi' means Gadol ha'Dor.
(c)Raban Shimon ben Gamliel accepted Rebbi Yosi's protest - because he only really intended to be Machmir like Rebbi Yehudah (not to rule like him), and, he conceded that, by being Machmir in front of Rebbi Yosi, he was encouraging the disciples to assume that the Halachah was like Rebbi Yehudah.
(a)What does Shmuel rule with regard to someone who is eating when Shabbos enters?
(b)Like which Tana does he really hold?
(c)What does Shmuel then mean when he says 'Ke'shem she'Mafsikin l'Kiddush, Kach Mafsikin l'Havdalah'? What does Mafsikin mean?
(d)What did the Gemara think that it meant?
(a)Shmuel rules that someone who is eating when Shabbos enters - must spread a cloth over the bread and recite Kidush, but does not need to remove the table and recite Birchas ha'Mazon.
(b)Basically, Shmuel holds like Rebbi Yosi - only he is Machmir to require Kidush there and then (see also Tosfos DH 'Ela Po'res Mapah').
(c)When Shmuel says 'Ke'shem she'Mafsikin l'Kiddush, Kach Mafsikin l'Havdalah' - he means that one must cover the bread and recite Kidush and Havdalah - respectively (so that the bread 'should not be ashamed' that one recites a Berachah over the wine and not over it. The Rashbam will later explain that we cover the bread, to compensate the original Minhag of not bringing the table until after Kidush (see 4d.)
(d)The Gemara thought that 'Mafsikin' means - removing the table and reciting Birchas ha'Mazon (like we explained it before on the previous Amud).
(a)Rabah bar Rav Huna was sitting in the Resh Galusa's house when they brought in the table (with the bread on it). Was this at the beginning of the meal or in the middle?
(b)What should they have done?
(c)What did Rabah bar Rav Huna then do?
(d)Why today, do we 'bring in the table' with the bread before Kidush?
(a)It was Friday night after they had returned from Shul and had not yet eaten, that Rabah bar Rav Huna was sitting in the Resh Galusa's house, and they brought in the table.
(b)What they should have done, was to recite Kidush first, and then to bring in the table with the bread on it.
(c)Rabah bar Rav Huna then covered the bread with a cloth and recited Kidush.
(d)Today, we 'bring in the table' with the bread before Kidush - because our tables are too large to carry in and out (formerly, each person used to eat at his own small table, next to which he would recline on a couch.
(a)How do we explain the Beraisa which says ...
1. ... 've'Shavin she'Ein Maschilin'?
2. ... 'Shavin she'Maschilin'?
(a)We explain the Beraisa which says ...
1. ... 've'Shavin she'Ein Maschilin' - by Erev Pesach after Minchah Ketanah, where Rebbi Yosi agrees with Rebbi Yehudah that it is forbidden to begin eating.
2. ... 'Shavin she'Maschilin' - to Erev Shabbos and Yom-Tov - before the beginning of the tenth hour, where Rebbi Yehudah agrees that it is permitted to begin, and, having begun b'Heter, they may continue to eat until nightfall.