NAZIR 3 (10 Elul) - This Daf has been dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of Yisrael (son of Chazkel and Miryam) Rosenbaum, who passed away on 14 Elul, by his son and daughter and families, and also in memory of Sheina Basha (daughter of Yakov and Dora) Zuckerman, who passed away on 10 Elul, by her children and sons in law.

1)

EXPRESSIONS UNDERSTOOD BY CONTEXT

(a)

Answer: It is called beautiful. Even R. Elazar ha'Kapar, who calls a Nazir a sinner, says so only regarding a Tamei Nazir;

1.

"The first days will fall" - since he must begin Nezirus again from scratch, he may come to transgress.

2.

He does not call a Tahor Nazir a sinner.

(b)

(Mishnah): If one said 'I will be like this one' (he is a Nazir).

(c)

Question: Even if he was holding his hair, 'like this one' has no connotation of Nezirus!

(d)

Answer (Shmuel): The case is, a Nazir passed in front of him.

(e)

(Mishnah): If one said 'I will be Mesalsel (curl)...'

1.

Question: What is the source that Mesalsel refers to hair?

2.

Answer: Rebbi's female slave rebuked a man 'how long will you be Mesalsel your hair?'

(f)

Question: Perhaps he referred to Torah, like it says "Salselah and it will elevate you!"

(g)

Answer (Shmuel): He was holding his hair when he said this.

(h)

(Mishnah): If one said 'I will be Mekalkel...'

1.

Question: What is the source that Mekalkel refers to hair?

2.

Answer (Mishnah - R. Yehudah): One is liable for transferring (to Reshus ha'Rabim on Shabbos) the amount of plaster needed for a Kilkul.

i.

(Rav): This is the temple (on the face).

(i)

Question: Perhaps he meant that he will finance - "va'Yechalkel Yosef (he sustained) his father and brothers"!

(j)

Answer (Shmuel): He was holding his hair when he said this.

(k)

(Mishnah): If one said 'it is Alai to be Leshale'ach long hair', he is a Nazir.

1.

Question: What is the source that Shilu'ach means growing?

2.

Answer: "Shelachayich are (like) a pomegranate orchard."

(l)

Question: Perhaps he meant that he will (cut it and) send it away - "V'Shole'ach (He sends) water outside..."

(m)

Answer #1: We learn from a Gezeirah Shavah "Pera-Pera";

1.

It says regarding Nazir "he will grow Pera." It says regarding Kohanim "u'Fera Lo Yeshalechu." (This teaches that a Kohen may not grow his hair longer than 30 days.)

(n)

Answer #2: The verse "V'Shole'ach Mayim" also refers to growing!

1.

Watering plants causes them to grow.

2)

'ALAI TZIPARIN'

(a)

(Mishnah - R. Meir): If one said 'it is Alai Tziparin (birds)', he is a Nazir.

(b)

Question: What is R. Meir's reason?

(c)

Answer #1 (Reish Lakish): The man referred to (a Mitzvah that entails bringing) birds associated with hair, like in the verse "his (Nevuchadnetzar's) hair grew like eagle's wings, and his nails like a bird's claws."

1.

R. Meir holds that a person vows by using a word that is (in a verse) near the matters he intends to vow about.

3b----------------------------------------3b

2.

Chachamim hold that a person does not do this.

(d)

Objection (R. Yochanan): All agree that a person does not do this!

(e)

Answer #2 (R. Yochanan): R. Meir's reason is, he suspects the person meant Nezirus, for which a person brings birds if he becomes Tamei.

(f)

Question: R. Meir only suspects that he meant Nezirus. Perhaps he meant a Nedavah (voluntary Korban) of birds! (Why is he a Nazir?)

(g)

Answer: Had he meant a Nedavah, he would have said 'Ken' (the word normally used for this), not Tziporim.

(h)

Question: Perhaps he accepted to supply birds needed for Taharas Metzora!

(i)

Answer: The case is, a Nazir passed in front of him when he vowed.

(j)

Question: Perhaps he accepted to supply the birds that a Tamei Nazir must bring?

(k)

Answer: A Tahor Nazir passed in front of him. (It is unreasonable to say that he accepted to bring his birds if the Nazir will become Tamei.)

(l)

Question: Practically, in what case do R. Yochanan and Reish Lakish argue?

(m)

Answer: They argue about one who said 'it is Alai Tziparin that are (in a verse) close to hair'.

1.

R. Yochanan holds that he is a Nazir only if a Nazir passed in front of him at the time. Reish Lakish holds that he is a Nazir even if a Nazir did not pass.

(n)

Question: Surely, all agree that people vow using a word near the matter he intends to vow about!

1.

(Beraisa): If one said 'right (hand)', this is an oath.

2.

Suggestion: He refers to the Shevu'ah in the verse "He raised his right hand... and swore"!

(o)

Answer: No, he refers to Hash-m's right hand. This itself (the reference to Hash-m) connotes an oath:

1.

(Beraisa): If one said 'right hand', this is an oath - "Hash-m swore by His right hand."

2.

Question: What is the source that if one said 'left (hand)', this is an oath?

3.

Answer: We learn from "And in His left hand is strength."

3)

ONE WHO ACCEPTS PARTIAL NEZIRUS

(a)

(Mishnah): If one said 'I am a Nazir from grape skins', 'from grape pits', 'from shaving', (or) 'from Tum'ah', all laws of Nezirus apply to him.

(b)

(Gemara): The Mishnah is unlike R. Shimon:

1.

(Beraisa - R. Shimon): One is only a Nazir if he vows to abstain from all three Isurim;

2.

Chachamim say, (he is a Nazir) even if he only vows from one of them.

(c)

Question: What is R. Shimon's reason?

(d)

Answer: He learns from "from anything made out of grapevines, from grape skins to grape pits." (Rosh - this teaches that if he specifies, he must specify everything.)

1.

Chachamim learn from "from wine and strong drink he will abstain." (He need not vow from everything.)

(e)

Question: What does R. Shimon learn from this verse?

(f)

Answer: It teaches that a Nazir is forbidden to wine of a Mitzvah just like optional wine.

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