hebrew
1)

Rashi (verse 3) writes that going west towards Yerushalayim, the land ascends, and past Yerushalayim it descends. Here it ascends even after Yerushalayim!

1.

Rashi: Ein Eitam is slightly higher than Yerushalayim. David thought to build the Beis ha'Mikdash there (Zevachim 54b).

2)

Why is Yerushalayim called Kesef ha'Yevusi?

1.

Malbim: Yevus lived there.

3)

Was Yerushalayim in Yehudah's portion?

1.

Rashi: The border was south of Yerushalayim; it was in Binyamin's portion. 1

2.

Yuma 12a #1: Har ha'Bayis, and the chambers and Azaros [of the Mikdash] were in Yehudah's portion, and also the Mizbe'ach was built on a strip that jutted out from Yehudah's portion into Binyamin's. The Ulam and Heichal were in Binyamin's portion.

3.

Yuma 12a #2: Yerushalayim was not given to any Shevet.


1

Perhaps Rashi explains according to Peshat, and unlike Chazal expounded. Or, he means that almost the entire city was in Binyamin's portion, except for parts of the Mikdash (refer to 12:8:3:2).

4)

What is Rosh ha'Har?

1.

Malbim: It is the beginning of the mountain at the end of its slope. In Binyamin's portion, it is called (18:16) it is called Ketzei ha'Har.

5)

What is Gei Ben Hinom?

1.

Radak citing Targum Yonasan: It is the valley 1 of Ben Hinom, close to Yerushalayim. Yoshiyah declared it Tamei due to the idolatry there. The previous ruler there was Ben Hinom.


1

Radak: If it was a valley, why does it say v'Alah ha'Gevul? It does not say so regarding the valley, rather, the place in which the valley was (i.e. around it); Yerushalayim was higher than all lands.

6)

Where was the mountain?

1.

Malbim: It was establish of Gei Ben Hinom, and north of Emek Refa'im.

7)

Here, the verse lists [on the border] Gei Ben Hinom, Kesef Yevusi, ha'Har. Below (18:16), the order is different - ha'Har, Gei Ben Hinom, Kesef Yevusi!

1.

Bi'ur ha'Gra: Yehudah's border is listed from east to west. Below, Binyamin's is listed from west to east. Kesef Yevusi is not a place on the border; it merely clarifies where is Gei Ben Hinom.

8)

What is Emek Refa'im?

1.

Radak, citing Targum Yonasan: It is the plain of the mighty ones. It used to be a place of giants.

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:

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