12th CYCLE DEDICATION
KESUVOS 111-112 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.

1)

(a)When Rebbi Chelbo, Rebbi Avira and Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina arrived at a certain place, they brought them a peach the size of a pot from K'far Hino. How large was a pot from K'far Hino?

(b)They ate a third and declared another third Hefker. What did they do with the remainder?

(c)The following year Rebbi Elazar arrived at the same place. When they brought him a peach, he took it in his hands and recited the Pasuk in Tehilim "Eretz Pri li'Meleichah, me'Ra'as Yoshvei Vah". Why did he quote this Pasuk?

1)

(a)When Rebbi Chelbo, Rebbi Avira and Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina arrived at a certain place, they brought them a peach the size of a pot from K'far Hino - which measured five Sa'ah (twenty Kabin).

(b)They ate a third and declared another third Hefker. They used the remainder - to feed their animals.

(c)The following year, Rebbi Elazar arrived at the same place. When they brought him a peach, he took it in his hands and recited the Pasuk in Tehilim "Eretz Pri li'M'leichah, me'Ra'as Yoshvei Vah" - to signify that the fact that the size of the fruit had diminished (he could hardly have held the five Sa'ah peach of the previous year in one hand!) was due to their sins.

2)

(a)What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi exclaim, when he saw clusters of grapes the size of calves growing among the vines in Gavla?

(b)What did he say when they informed him what they really were?

(c)How did the people respond when, the following year, Rebbi Chiya arrived in the same place, and took the clusters for goats? Why did they react in that way?

2)

(a)When Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi saw clusters of grapes the size of calves growing among the vines in Gavla - he exclaimed that there were calves standing among the vines.

(b)When they informed him what they really were - he ordered the ground to stop producing such large fruit for the benefit of the Arabs (ho constituted the majority of the population at the time).

(c)When, the following year, Rebbi Chiya arrived at the same place, and took the clusters for goats - they asked him to leave, and not to follow in the footsteps of his colleague (because it was clear that Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi's curse had taken effect, by the mere fact that the clusters had been reduced from the size of calves to the size of goats.

3)

(a)Where was Tzo'an? What was it famous for?

(b)As the result of the Berachos of Eretz Yisrael, one Beis Sa'ah would produce fifty thousand Kur (thirty Sa'ah = one Kur). How much would one Beis Sa'ah be expected to produce in Tzo'an of Egypt?

(c)What did Rebbi Meir testify regarding Beis She'an?

(d)What is the connection between Beis-She'an and Tzo'an (see Agados Maharsha)?

3)

(a)Tzo'an - the capital of Egypt, was where the kings set up their palaces.

(b)As the result of the Berachos of Eretz Yisrael, one Beis Sa'ah would produce fifty thousand Kur (thirty Sa'ah = one Kur). One Beis Sa'ah in Tzo'an of Egypt - was expected to produce seventy Kur (two thousand one hundred Sa'ah).

(c)Rebbi Meir testified - that he saw how one Beis Sa'ah in the valley of Beis She'an, produced seventy Kur (just like it did in the whole of Tzo'an).

(d)The connection between Beis She'an and Tzo'an - is based on the fact that, according to Rebbi Meir, the former was not considered part of Eretz Yisrael at that time (see Agados Maharsha), and was therefore not subject to any more natural blessing than Tzo'an.

4)

(a)When the Torah writes in Shelach-Lecha that Chevron was built seven years before Tzo'an of Egypt, why can it not be understood literally?

(b)Then what does the Pasuk mean?

(c)What was Chevron famous for?

(d)What is now the significance of the comparison of Tzo'an to Chevron?

4)

(a)When the Torah writes that Chevron was built seven years before Tzo'an of Egypt, it cannot be understood literally - because Mitzrayim (Cham's son) was older than his brother Cana'an, and it would not therefore have been correct for Cham to have built a city in honor of his younger son before having built one in honor of his older son.

(b)What the Pasuk therefore means - is that Chevron was seven times as beautiful as Tzo'an.

(c)Chevron, which is situated in rocky country, was famous for - its burial facilities.

(d)The significance of the comparison of Tzo'an to Chevron is - that Tzo'an was situated in the most beautiful part of Egypt (which is why the kings set up their palaces there), whereas Chevron was built in the most ugly part of Eretz Yisrael (which is why they designated it for graves). Yet Chevron was seven times as beautiful as Tzo'an (thereby demonstrating the praiseworthiness of Eretz Yisrael).

5)

(a)If a Beis Sa'ah in Tzo'an produced seventy Kur, then one would expect a Beis Sa'ah in Chevron to produce four hundred and ninety Sa'ah. How did the Beraisa arrive at the figure of fifty thousand Kur, due to the Berachah of Eretz Yisrael?

5)

(a)If a Beis Sa'ah in Tzo'an produced seventy Kur, then one would expect a Beis Sa'ah in Chevron to produce four hundred and ninety Sa'ah. The Beraisa arrives at the figure of fifty thousand Kur - a. by allowing for the fact that other areas would probably produce more than Chevron, so four hundred and ninety Sa'ah becomes five hundred, and b. by bearing in mind that the Pasuk by the spies is speaking before Yisrael were living there; once Yisrael entered the land, and the blessings took effect, the yield would increase a hundred-fold (like we find by Yitzchak). So the five hundred Kur, became fifty thousand.

6)

(a)What did Rebbi Yosi mean when he said in a Beraisa that one Sa'ah in Eretz Yisrael can produce five?

(b)A certain Tzedoki was telling Rebbi Chanina how much he got out of the one Beis Sa'ah that his father left him in Eretz Yisrael. What did he manage to obtain out of that one Beis Sa'ah besides wine, oil and wheat?

(c)What did that Kena'ani comment when a Jew told him that a particular date-palm by the River Yarden yielded an annual harvest of sixty Kur of dates?

6)

(a)When Rebbi Yosi said in a Beraisa that one Sa'ah in Eretz Yisrael can produce five - he was referring to five different quality by-products of grain: a Sa'ah of flour-dust, a Sa'ah of fine flour, a Sa'ah of bran, a Sa'ah of coarse bran and a Sa'ah of poor-quality flour.

(b)A certain Tzedoki was telling Rebbi Chanina how much he got out of the one Beis Sa'ah that his father left him in Eretz Yisrael. Besides wine, oil and wheat - he managed to obtain out of that one Beis Sa'ah - legumes and grazing-ground for his flock of sheep.

(c)When a Jew told a Kena'ani that a particular date-palm by the River Yarden yielded an annual harvest of sixty Kur of dates - he commented that Yisrael had hardly entered the land, yet their sins had already caused a decrease in its blessing. Before they arrived, he lamented, the same palm-tree used to produce a hundred and twenty Kur (though this appears to clash with the answer to the previous question).

7)

(a)Yirmeyahu referred to Eretz Yisrael as Eretz Tzvi, because it produces so much fruit that there is nowhere to store it all. What has this got to do with the skin of a gazelle?

(b)What other analogy might Yirmeyahu have been drawing, when comparing the fruit of Eretz Yisrael to a gazelle?

(c)How do we know that, unlike the flesh of a gazelle, the fruit of Eretz Yisrael is luscious (juicy and sweet), that the quantity of the fruit does not affect the quality?

7)

(a)Yirmeyahu referred to Eretz Yisrael as Eretz Tz'vi, because it produces so much fruit that, naturally, there is nowhere to store it all. So the land stretches miraculously - just like the skin of a gazelle only fits its body miraculously (as becomes evident after it has been removed, when it cannot be replaced). Note: It is unclear why Rashi does not explain this analogy in connection with the phenomenal quantity of fruit that each Beis Sa'ah yields (far more than it could do naturally), in keeping with the entire Sugya, rather than in connection with the storing space).

(b)When Yirmeyahu drew the analogy to a gazelle - he might also have been referring to the speed with which Eretz Yisrael produces its fruit; it is the country that produces its fruit the quickest of all, like the gazelle is the quickest of all the animals.

(c)We know that, unlike the flesh of a gazelle, the fruit of Eretz Yisrael is luscious (juicy and sweet), that the quantity of the fruit does not affect the quality - because the Torah testifies "Eretz Zavas Chalav (juicy) u'Devash (and sweet)" which is written a number of times (enabling Chazal to make a number of Derashos from it).

8)

(a)Yechezkel referred to three curses with regard to the false prophets: To which curse was he referring when he wrote ...

1. ... "b'Sod Ami Lo Yiheyu"?

2. ... "u'vi'Kesav Beis Yisrael Lo Yikasevu"?

3. ... "v'El Admas Yisrael Lo Yavo'u"?

(b)What did Rebbi Elazar announce when he ...

1. ... arrived in Eretz Yisrael?

2. ... received Semichah?

3. ... was appointed to join the select group who would fix Rosh Chodesh and the leap years, based on the Sod ha'Ibur?

(c)What did that Tzedoki comment when Rebbi Zeira, unable to locate a regular bridge to cross the Jordan River into Eretz Yisrael, discovered a flimsy crossing consisting of a narrow plank and an overhead rope to hold on to, and proceeded to cross?

(d)What did Rebbi Zeira's reply?

8)

(a)Yechezkel referred to three curses with regard to the false prophets: When he wrote ...

1. ... "b'Sod Ami Lo Yiheyu" - he was referring to the fact that they were not conversant with 'Sod ha'Ibur".

2. ... "u'vi'Kesav Beis Yisrael Lo Yikaseivu" - he meant that they did not receive Semichah, and ...

3. ... "v'El Admas Yisrael Lo Yavo'u" - that they did not move to Eretz Yisrael.

(b)When Rebbi Elazar ...

1. ... arrived in Eretz Yisrael - he announced that he had escaped one of the curses.

2. ... received Semichah - that he had escaped two of them.

3. ... was appointed to join the select group who would fix Rosh Chodesh and the leap-years, based on the Sod ha'Ibur - he announced that he had escaped all three.

(c)When Rebbi Zeira, unable to locate a regular bridge to cross the Jordan River into Eretz Yisrael, discovered a flimsy crossing consisting of a narrow plank and an overhead rope to hold on to, and proceeded to cross - that Tzedoki commented that Rebbi Zeira belonged to that hasty nation who had accepted the Torah before they knew what it contained and whether they were able to live up to its expectations or not.

(d)To which Rebbi Zeira's replied - that if Moshe and Aharon did not merit entry into Eretz Yisrael, who is to say that he would merit it once he missed the opportunity.

9)

(a)What did Rebbi Aba do when he arrived in the part of Acco which belonged to Eretz Yisrael?

(b)Why did Rebbi Chanina set about repairing whatever he found faulty when he arrived in Eretz Yisrael?

(c)Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi kept moving from the sun to the shade and from the shade to the sun. Why did they do that?

(d)Based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ki Ratzu Avadehah es Avanehah, v'es Afarah Yechonanu", what did Rebbi Chiya bar Gamda do when he first arrived in Eretz Yisrael?

9)

(a)When Rebbi Aba arrived in the part of Acco which belonged to Eretz Yisrael - he kissed its coral stones (or its rocks).

(b)Rebbi Chanina set about repairing whatever he found faulty when he arrived in Eretz Yisrael - because out of love of Eretz Yisrael, he wanted no cause for its inhabitants to complain (see also Tosfos & Agados Maharsha), or because he wanted to fulfill the Mitzvah of building up Eretz Yisrael (like someone who rectifies a faulty Sefer-Torah, and who is considered as if he had written it).

(c)Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi kept moving from the sun to the shade and from the shade to the sun - so that they should not have an excuse to complain about being uncomfortable in Eretz Yisrael.

(d)Based on the Pasuk "Ki Ratzu Avadehah es Avanehah, es Afarah Yechonanu" - Rebbi Chiya bar Gamda rolled in the dust when he first arrived in Eretz Yisrael (see also the above-mentioned Agados Maharsha).

112b----------------------------------------112b

10)

(a)Rebbi Zeira Amar Rebbi Yirmeyahu bar Aba states that when Mashi'ach comes, many accusations will be leveled at the Talmidei Cachamim. What did Shmuel comment when Rebbi Zeira told him that?

(b)What did Tana d'Bei Rav Yosef's Beraisa mean when he said 'Bezuzi, u'Vezuzi di'Vezuzi'?

(c)What does Rav Chiya bar Ashi Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk in Yoel "Ki Etz Nasa Piryo, Te'einah v'Gefen Nasnu Cheilam"?

10)

(a)Rebbi Zeira Amar Rebbi Yirmeyahu bar Aba states that when Mashi'ach comes, many accusations will be leveled at the Talmidei-Chachamim. When Rebbi Zeira told Shmuel about that - he retorted that one decree will follow another (see Agados Maharsha).

(b)When the Tana d'Bei Rav Yosef's said 'Bezuzi, u'Vezuzi di'Vezuzi' - he meant that one group of robbers will follow another to plunder Eretz Yisrael.

(c)Rav Chiya bar Ashi Amar Rav learns from the Pasuk "Ki Etz Nasa Piryo, Te'einah v'Gefen Nasnu Cheilam" - that on the day that Mashi'ach comes, even the non-fruit-trees will produce fruit.

Hadran Alach 'Shnei Daynei', u'Selika Lah Maseches Kesuvos

OTHER D.A.F. RESOURCES
ON THIS DAF