[64a - 36 lines; 64b - 36 lines]

1)[line 2]לפקדוןPIKADON- a deposit for watching over

2)[line 3]ושלישSHALISH- a trustee

3)[line 6]לדידה הוה יהיב לה ניהלהL'DIDAH HAVAH YAHIV LAH NIHALAH- he would have given it directly to her

4)[line 7]הימניהHEIMNEI- the husband trusted him

5)[line 8]הודאת בעל דין כמאה עדים דמיHODA'AS BA'AL DIN K'ME'AH EDIM DAMI- the admission of a concerned party is equivalent to one hundred witnesses [testifying]

6)[line 10]דאיתיהיב למחילהD'ISYEHIV L'MECHILAH- that it can be waived, cancelled

7)[line 11]גיטי ממוןGITEI MAMON- documents dealing with monetary matters (as opposed to documents of Gitin and Shichrurei Avadim)

8)[line 12]מידי גבי הדדי תניא?MIDI GABEI HADADI TANYA?- Were they taught together (in the same Beraisa)?

9)[line 18]עדי מסירה כרתיEDEI MESIRAH KARSEI

The witnesses who watch the Shtar being given are the main part of the Shtar, i.e. the ones who make the Shtar take effect. (This is in contrast to the opinion (Rebbi Meir) that holds that Edei Chasimah Karsei, meaning that the witnesses who sign the Shtar are the main part of the Shtar and are the ones who make the Shtar take effect.)

10)[line 19]בשעת הגזירהB'SHE'AS HA'GEZEIRAH- in the time of decree [of the government against Jewish observance, when the performance of Mitzvos was a crime punishable with capital punishment]

11)[line 28]ואין דבר שבערוה פחות משניםV'EIN DAVAR SHEB'ERVAH PACHOS MI'SHENAYIM

Testimony concerning matters of "Ervah" (such as marriage and divorce) cannot be rendered with less than two witnesses.

12)[line 33]חזקה שליח עושה שליחותוCHAZAKAH SHALI'ACH OSEH SHELICHUSO- there is a Chazakah (an assumption that is legally reliable) that a Shali'ach carries out the mission for which he was appointed

64b----------------------------------------64b

13)[line 4]חזקה אין האשה מעיזה פניה בפני בעלהCHAZAKAH EIN ISHAH ME'IZAH PANEHA BIFNEI BA'ALAH- there is a Chazakah (an assumption that is legally reliable) that a woman does not act brazenly before her husband

14)[line 5]היכא דליכא דקא מסייע להHEICHA D'LEIKA D'KA MESAYEI'A LAH- [this applies only] where there is no one assisting her [claim]

15)[line 6]נערה המאורסהNA'ARAH HA'ME'URASAH - a betrothed Na'arah (with whom a man has performed Erusin, but not Nesu'in)

A girl is a Ketanah (minor) until she has two pubic hairs after she enters her twelfth year. During the following six months she is a Na'arah (maidenhood). When six months elapse she becomes a Bogeres (adult).

16)[line 11]ידא יתירתא זכי לה רחמנאYADA YESEIRTA ZACHI LAH RACHMANA- the Torah gave her an additional hand (with which to receive the Get)

17)[line 13]יד דילה לאו כלום היאYAD DILAH LAV KELUM HI- her hand is nothing, i.e. she does not have the ability to make an acquisition

18)[line 24]צרור וזורקו אגוז ונוטלוTZEROR V'ZORKO EGOZ V'NOTLO- [if you give the Katan] a rock and he throws it, [but you give him] a nut and he keeps it (which shows that he can differentiate between items of value and items of no value)

19)[line 25]חפץ ומחזירו לאחר שעהCHEFETZ U'MACHZIRO L'ACHAR SHA'AH- [if you lent the Katan] an item and he returns it after a while (which shows a high degree of responsibility and acumen)

20)[line 29]רב חיננא וורדאןRAV CHINENA VARDA'AN- Rav Chinena of Varda'an

21)[line 30]משתתפין במבויMISHTATFIN B'MAVOY (SHITUF MAVO'OS)

(a)THE TORAH LAW - According to Torah law, in a courtyard (Chatzer) that has in it houses owned by different people, all of the neighbors may transfer objects from their houses to the courtyard and into other houses on Shabbos. Even though each house is a separately owned Reshus ha'Yachid and the Chatzer is a jointly owned Reshus ha'Yachid, it is permissible to move objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another.

(b)ERUV CHATZEIROS AND SHITUFEI MAVO'OS - King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another is forbidden unless an Eruv Chatzeiros (lit. a mixing of the courtyard, Rambam Hil. Eruvin 1:6; or fraternization of the courtyard, Eruvin 49a) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b). The equivalent of an Eruv Chatzeiros for an alley or a city is called a Shituf Mavo'os. This is accomplished by all of the neighbors collectively setting aside a loaf of bread, in one common container, in one of the houses of the courtyard (or, in the case of Shituf, in one of the courtyards of the alleyway). This shows that all neighbors have an equal share in all of the Reshuyos ha'Yachid, just as they all have a share in that bread. Through this act, they can be considered one Reshus again. (RAMBAM ibid. 1:4-9)

22)[line 32]ומזכה להםU'MEZAKEH LAHEN- and he transfers possession of it to them

23)[line 36]כל דתקון רבנן כעין דאורייתא תקוןKOL D'SAKUN RABANAN K'EIN D'ORAISA TAKUN- every enactment that the Rabanan enacted, they enacted it in the manner of a d'Oraisa law. When the Rabanan enacted a Takanah, they made it parallel a similar law in the Torah.

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