ERUVIN 22 - dedicated by Rabbi Kornfeld's father in memory of his aunt, Malka Gitel bas Reb Yakov Mordechai (Malvina Marmorstein), who took him into her home and raised him like her own child after the Holocaust. Her Yahrzeit is 20 Nisan.

[22a - 56 lines; 22b - 51 lines]

1)[line 5]ינוקיYENUKEI- children

2)[line 6]מי שלימו קורמי באגמא?MI SHELIMU KURAMEI B'AGMA?- are the vegetables (alt., reed-grasses, whose inner surface can be ground into flour) in the marshes all gone?

3)[line 7]"ומשלם לשונאיו אל פניו להאבידו""U'MESHALEM L'SON'AV EL PANAV L'HA'AVIDO"- "He pays back to His enemies' face, to destroy him" (Devarim 7:10) - This is mentioned here since we had brought up the subject of Tzadik v'Ra Lo.

4)[line 11]לשונאיו הוא דלא יאחרL'SON'AV HU D'LO YE'ACHER- HaSh-m does not delay paying the good deeds of his enemies; he repays them in this world and does not save their reward for the world to come.

5)[line 23]קרפףKARPAF- an enclosed area that is located outside of a settlement, used for storage of timber and other such objects. The enclosures were not made for dwelling purposes.

6)[line 39]אריך וקטיןARICH V'KATIN- long and narrow

7)[line 40]שתשמישו לדירהSHE'TASHMISHO L'DIRAH- which is intended for living purposes

8)[line 42]שתשמישה לאוירSHE'TASHMISHAH L'AVIR- [a residence] the purpose of which is to service the open area surrounding it; e.g., a watchman's hut

9)[line 42]בורגניןBURGANIN- temporary huts of the watchmen that are on guard outside of the cities


10)[line 1]דמקיף להD'MAKIF LAH- that it is surrounded by

11a)[line 1]סולמא דצורSULMA D'TZOR- the Ladder of Tyre (Scala Tyriorum, a promontory south of Tyre on the southern coast of Lebanon)

b)[line 2]מחתנא דגדרMACHASANA D'GEDER- the downward slope of Geder

12)[line 3]פרתPERAS- [the banks of] the Euphrates River

13)[line 3]דיגלתDIGLAS- [the banks of] the Tigris River

14)[line 4]מקיף אוקיינוסMAKIF OKYANUS- is surrounded by the Ocean

15)[line 5]מעלות ומורדותMA'ALOS U'MORADOS- ascents and descents

16)[line 5]קרקפנא! חזיתיה לרישך בי עמודיKARKAFNA! CHAZISEI L'REISHACH BEI AMUDEI- (a) Great Skull (prominent person)! I saw your head (your teacher, i.e. Rabah bar Nachmani) between the pillars (of the Beis ha'Midrash of Rebbi Yochanan) (TOSFOS DH Karkafna); (b) Great Person! You have hit upon the exact teaching of Rebbi Yochanan as if you personally had been present in his Beis ha'Midrash! (RITVA)

17)[line 21]מעלות בית מרוןMA'ALOS BEIS MARON- the ascent of Beis Maron, which was a narrow path up a very steep slope, on which people would walk single file


(a)When there is a doubt as to whether an object is Tahor or Tamei, if the object is found in Reshus ha'Rabim the object is Tahor. If it is found in a private, concealed place, it is judged to be Tamei.

(b)This is learned from the case of the Sotah woman. In the case of a Sotah, where only two people were present at the time that there arose a question as to her status, she is judged Temei'ah/culpable and is prohibited to her husband (for a full discussion of the Sotah woman, see Background to Berachos 63:6). Similarly, whenever there are only two people present (i.e. a Reshus ha'Yachid l'Tum'ah), if a doubt arises regarding the status of a person or an object, he or it is judged to be Tamei. Whenever more than two people frequent a certain area, it is a Reshus ha'Rabim l'Tum'ah. If a doubt arises regarding the status of a person or an object, he or it is judged to be Tahor.

19)[line 30]לבורותL'VOROS- the third Mechitzah of the Mavoy is bounded by a ditch

20)[line 34]שבילי בית גילגולSHEVILEI BEIS GILGAL- the winding paths of Beis Gilgal. (Beis Gilgal was apparently a winding path encircling a steep mountain. The mountain rose more than 10 Tefachim per 4 Amos, and therefore should be a Reshus ha'Yachid, since the sides of the mountain are seen as its Mechitzos.

21)[line 36]סרדיוטSERADYOT- a Roman or Greek officer

22)[last line]חגורהCHAGURAH- a periphery of ropes