ERUVIN 20 (9 Elul) - Dedicated to commemorate the Yahrzeit ofֲ  Chana bas Mordechai Eliezer z'l.

[20a - 42 lines; 20b - 46 lines]

1)[line 6]עירוב מועיל לבין הפסיןEIRUV MO'IL L'BEIN HA'PASIN- [lest people think that] a Shitufei Mavo'os may be placed between Pasei Bira'os to permit carrying from one Chatzer that opens into the Pasim to the next.

2)[line 30]דקא בקעי בה רביםKA BAK'EI BAH RABIM- the public make a shortcut through it


3)[line 1]וכן בגתV'CHEN B'GAS- and similarly regarding drinking wine without taking Ma'aser when drinking from the pit into which the wine flows just after being pressed

4)[line 4]מלגיוMIL'GAV- on the inside

5)[line 10]לא ימלא ... ויתן בשבת לפני בהמתוLO YEMALEI ... V'YITEN B'SHABBOS LIFNEI BEHEMTO- That is, one may not feed an animal by holding the bucket from which the animal eats, without holding the animal itself. (The Gemara assumes that the Beraisa is discussing a situation where one is not holding the animal itself, since if he is holding the animal it is certainly permitted to feed the animal, under all circumstances.)

6)[line 12]אבוסEVUS- a feeding trough

7)[line 15]מקלקלMEKALKAL- it became damaged

8)[line 15]דרא ליה לדוולא בהדיהDARA LEI L'DAVLA BAHADEI- he will carry the bucket with him

9)[line 19]המפנה חפציוHA'MEFANEH CHAFATZAV- one who removes his articles

10)[line 19]מזוית לזויתMI'ZAVIS L'ZAVIS- from one corner of the house to another

11)[line 20]שלא היתה עקירה משעה ראשונה לכךSHE'LO HAYESAH AKIRAH MI'SHA'AH RISHONAH L'KACH

(a)Hotza'ah is the last of the thirty-nine Avos Melachos of Shabbos. It involves either 1. the sub-category of "Hotza'ah," or transferring objects from a Reshus ha'Yachid to a Reshus ha'Rabim, 2. Hachnasah, which refers to the opposite action, is part of the same category of Melachah, 3. Ma'avir Arba Amos b'Reshus ha'Rabim, or carrying an object from one place in Reshus ha'Rabim to another over a distance of at least four Amos, or 4. Moshit, which involves passing an object from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another through Reshus ha'Rabim above ten Tefachim (as described in the Mishnah on Daf 96a, see Background to Daf 4a). These are all biblical prohibitions.

(b)In order to transgress the biblical prohibition of Hotza'ah, certain conditions must be met. An Akirah (initiation of movement) and a Hanachah (putting the object to rest) must be performed on the object by the same person.

(c)One transgresses the biblical prohibition of Hotza'ah only if he picked up the object which he moved (Akirah) with the intention of placing it down again in another Reshus. If he decides to place it in another Reshus only after picking it up, he has not transgressed a biblical prohibition, and hence need not bring a Korban Chatas for atonement.

12)[line 39]תא שמע גמלTA SHEMA GAMAL- [This proof is addressing the first question of the Gemara, whether one may feed an animal which is not mostly inside the Pasim if he holds the animal as well as the bucket from which it is eating.]

13)[line 39]אובסין אותהOVSIN OSAH- lit. one may make a trough out of its stomach; i.e., one may stuff it with food

14)[line 44]מידי גבי הדדי תניא?MIDI GABEI HADADI TANYA?- Were they taught together (in the same Beraisa)?