12th Cycle Dedication

ERCHIN 16 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the twelfth Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

1)

TOSFOS DH U'V'CHEZKASO GAVAH LIBO ETC.

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(Summary: Tosfos clarifies the case and elaborates.)

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(a)

Clarification: This is written in Divrei ha'Yamim (2, 27), in connection with Uziyah - and it writes there (Divrei ha'Yamim 1, 5) "And Yochanan fathered Azaryah; he is the one who served in the House that Sh'lomoh built in Yerushalayim".

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(b)

Question: This requires explanation - as to why it writes about him "who served" more than by others who are listed there, all of them Kohanim Gedolim who served in the first Beis-ha'Mikdash? ...

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1.

Question (cont.): It listed many Kohanim before him, so why does it write specifically by Azaryah "who served" more than by the others?

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(c)

Answer: Because he took upon himself to confront Uziyah concerning the Kehunah more than all the others (See Shitah Mekubetzes 22).

2)

TOSFOS DH HA D'AHANU MA'ASAV

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(Summary: Tosfos disagrees with Rashi's explanation and elaborates.)

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(a)

Clarification: Rashi explains that 'They quarreled due to him.

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(b)

Question: Why does the Gemara not ask from murder and adultery - in that above the Gemara said that Nega'im come on them, whereas here it says that the Bigdei Kehunah atone'?

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(c)

Refuted Answer: Because when it says that the Bigdei Kehunah atone, it refers, not to the sinner himself, but to others ...

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(d)

Source: Because as a result of murder the world is punished, as the Pasuk writes in Bamidbar (35) "Because the blood brings guilt ... " ...

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1.

Source (cont.): And by adultery it writes in Vayikra (18) "And the land became Tamei and I visited its sin on it".

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(e)

Refuted Answer (cont.): Whereas we do not find that others are punished for the sin of Lashon ha'Ra' (Rashi's wording).

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(f)

Refutation: This is not correct however, since in Maseches Shevu'os (Daf 39a) the Gemara states that regarding all sins others are punished if they are in a position to rebuke - and if they are not, then even for murder and adultery they are not punished either (See Shitah Mekubetzes).

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(g)

Authentic Answer #1: The Ri therefore explains that regarding (both) murder (and adultery) the question is not valid, since it is subject to Misas Beis-Din, for which the Bigdei Kehunah atone (See Avodah Berurah), whereas Nega'im come on him anyway.

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(h)

Authentic Answer #2: One can also explain that when the Gemara answers 'Ha de'Ahani Ma'asav, ha de'Lo Ahani Ma'asav' it is referring also to murder and adultery.

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1.

Authentic Answer #2 (cont.): And the explanation is as follows: 'Ahani Ma'asav" - where he actually killed someone, on which the Bigdei Kehunah do not atone, only Nega'im come on him ...

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2.

Authentic Answer #2 (cont.): 'Lo Ahani Ma'asav' - speaks where he did not actually kill, but where he shamed somebody in public, which is considered as if he had murdered him; and on that the Bigdei Kehunah atone.

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3.

Authentic Answer #2 (cont.): And in the same way 'Ahani Ma'asav refers to where he actually committed adultery ...

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4.

Authentic Answer #2 (concl.): Whereas 'Lo Ahani Ma'asav' refers to a case such as the one cited in Shabbos (Daf 55b) - where the Gemara explains that 'Because they (the sons of Eli Kohen Gadol) held back the women's bird Korban, it was as if they had lain with them'.

3)

TOSFOS DH CHAS LEIH D'LICHSOF ZAR'EIH D'RAV AL YADA'I (This Dibur belongs on Amud Beis after DH 'va'Anavah').

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(Summary: Tosfos clarifies the proof.)

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(a)

Clarification: This is considered Anavah sh'Lo li'Shemah, in that he refrained from shaming him (Chiya bar Rav) due to the Kavod of his (Rav's) father.

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4)

TOSFOS DH V'ANAVAH SHE'LO LI'SHEMAH

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(Summary: Tosfos presents a number of ways of explaining this concept.)

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(a)

Explanation #1: He makes himself out to be an Anav, in that he doesn't want to rebuke him ...

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1.

Explanation #1: Such an Anavah is not le'Shem Shamayim, but in order that the other person shouldn't hate him.

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(b)

Explanation #2: Others explain 'Anavh she'Lo li'Shemah' to mean that out of pride, or so that people say about him that he is a humble person ...

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1.

Explanation #2 (cont.): He humiliates himself, and remains silent when insulted and shamed, not le'Shem Shamayim but in order to make a name for himself.

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(c)

Explanation #3: Whereas Rashi explains 'Anavh she'Lo li'Shemah' - that he withholds rebuke from those who need it ...

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(d)

Refutation: Tosfos does not like this explanation however, since he (the person concerned) is a complete Rasha.

5)

TOSFOS DH U'MA'AN D'AMAR AD NEZIFAH HA K'SIV HAKA'AH U'KELALAH

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(Summary: Tosfos explains why the Gemara does not likewise query the opinion that holds 'K'lalah''.)

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(a)

Question: Also according to the opinion that holds 'a curse', the Pasuk writes 'striking'?

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(b)

Answer #1: Perhaps it is as the Gemara answers - 'Due to Yonasan's love (of David).

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(c)

Answer # 2: Alternatively, he does not Darshen the Pasuk "Vayitol Sha'ul" ...

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1.

Answer # 2: Since it is not written in the the same Pasuk as "Vayichar Af Sha'ul", but in a different Pasuk.

6)

TOSFOS DH HACHI GARSINAN

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(Summary: Tosfos cites the source of the text.)

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(a)

Text: 'Because Mar said that his mother was from Dan and his father, from Naftali' ...

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(b)

Proof: Because the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim (2, 2) specifically writes that his mother was from the tribe of Dan.

7)

TOSFOS DH L'OLAM AL YESHANEH ADAM ME'UMNUS AVIV U'ME'UMNUS AVOSAV

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(Summary: Tosfos clarifies the proof.)

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(a)

Clarification: The Gemara proves from here that Shimshon's mother was from the tribe of Dan, and that he adopted the profession of his ancestors (See Avodah Berurah).

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