hebrew
1)

What are the implications of the word "Veshinantam"?

1.

Rashi: It is an expression of 'Chidud' - sharpness, implying that one should have the answers on the tip of one's tongue, to answer immediately when asked, without hesitation. 1

2.

Rashbam and Seforno: It implies that one should explain the subject-matter well 2 to one's Talmidim. 3

3.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It is a MItzvah to teach Torah to one's children.


1

By learning in depth and constant reviewing. Mishnas R. Aharon (4, p.36)

2)

What are the connotations of the word "le'Vanecha"?

1.

Rashi: "le'Vanecha" 1 incorporates one's Talmidim. 2

2.

Ramban: Having said - "Beini u'Vein B'nei Yisrael" 3 , we are commanded to see to it that our children know the Mitzvos too, and the Pasuk here is merely transforming the obvious obligation to teach them into a Mitzvah.

3.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: Refer to 6:7:1:3.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Rashi: As we find in many places. See for example, 14:1 and Melachim 2, 2:3. And by the same token, we find the Rebbe referred to as a father - See Melachim 2, 2:12.

3

Ramban: In Shemos 31:1, in connection with Shabbos. See also Bereishis 17:10 - in connection with B'ris Milah.

3)

What is the meaning of the phrase "Vedibarta Bam"?

1.

Rashi: The words of Torah should be our chief topic of conversation, 1 and not just secondary.

2.

Torah Temimah (citing Chulin,19b): One must speak "Bam" (words of Torah), and not other matters. Someone who indulges in idle chatter transgresses an Asei.'`


1

Seforno: Because in that way you will remember them.

4)

What are the implications of "u've'Shochbecha u've'Kumecha"?

1.

Rashi: It means (not literally, when you lie down and when you rise, but) when the conventional times to lie down and to rise arrive.

2.

Targum Yonasan: 'At night-time, close to (before) going to bed and in the morning close to (after) rising'.

5)

What are the words "be'Shivtecha be'Veisecha" coming to teach us?

1.

Targum Yonasan: It comes to include a Chasan who is getting married in the Mitzvah of reciting the Shema. 1

2.

Berachos, 11a: It is coming to exempt someone who is engaged in a Mitzvah from reciting the Shema.


1

See Na'ar Yonasan. Refer also to 6:7:6:1*.

6)

What do we learn from the words "u've'Lecht'cha ba'Derech"?

1.

Berachos, 16a: We learn that someone who marries a Besulah is Patur from the Mitzvah of reciting the Shema (until consummating the marriage, or until Motza'ei Shabbos). 1

2.

Berachos, 10b: We learn that one is permitted to recite the Shema in any position - standing, sitting, leaning, walking and even working. 2


1

Torah Temimah (note 37): Even though he is only distracted in his mind about the Mitzvah and not actually involved in performing it.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 38.

7)

And what are the implications of "u've'Shochb'cha u've'Kumecha"?

1.

Rashi: It means (not literally, whenever one goes to lie down and whenever one rises, but) when the conventional time to lie down and to rise arrives. 1

2.

Targum Yonasan: 'At night-time, close to (before) going to bed and in the morning close to (after) rising'.


1

Rashi: Because otherwise, the two terms would contradict one another (See Rashi).

8)

Rashi writes that Divrei Torah should be sharp in your mouth, so if you are asked, you can answer immediately. It says in Bava Metzi'a (23b) that one may deny knowing a Maseches!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: If one asks to learn from you, answer, even if he is a fool

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