Why does the Torah insert the words "be'Chol Moshvoseichem"?


Rashi (citing the Sifri): To teach us that as long as Sanhedrin Gedolah is operative in Eretz Yisrael, 1 Sanhedrin Ketanah must operate in Chutz la'Aretz. 2


Ramban: Beis-Din are obligated to convene at all times, even after the Churban and even in Galus, to judge fines, thefts, wounding and other monetary issues, and laws that concern lashes. 3


See Sifsei Chachamim.


See Ramban's objection to this explanation.


Ramban (citing Sanhedrin, 52b and Mechilta): Based on the Pasuk in Devarim 17:9, they may only adjudicate with regard to the laws that involve Misas Beis-Din as long as the Kohanim are serving in the Beis-Hamikdash, but not after the Churban. This is because we expound "Chukas Mishpat" in this Pasuk only in connection with the laws of Misah - mentioned earlier in Pasuk 12, 24 - See Ramban.

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