hebrew
1)

Why was the Parah given specifically to Elazar?

1.

Rashi #1, Ramban (citing the Sifri) and Targum Yonasan: Because he was the Segen (deputy) Kohen Gadol, and the Mitzvah 1 was incumbent upon the Segen.

2.

Rashi #2 (citing R. Moshe ha'Darshan): Just as they assembled before Aharon to make the Eigel - only Aharon was not eligible to arrange the Parah. 2


1

Ramban (Ibid. and Yoma, 42): Specifically this Parah, as the Gemara extrapolates from the word "Osah". All subsequent cows are subject to a Machlokes Tana'im as to whether they will be brought by the Kohen Gadol or by a Kohen Hedyot.

2

Refer to 19:3:2:1*.

2)

What are the connotations of "mi'Chutz la'Machaneh"?

1.

Rashi #1: It means that the cow must be taken outside all three camps (Machaneh Kehunah, Machaneh Leviyah and Machaneh Yisrael).

3)

And what are the implcations of "ve'Shachat osah Lefanav"?

1.

Rashi #1 and Targum Yonasan: It implies that a Zar (another Kohen - Targum Yonasan) should Shecht it in the presence of Elazar.

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