hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the backward-facing 'Nunin', one in front of, and one at the back of, the two current Pesukim?

1.

Rashi #1: They serve as markers, to indicate that this Parshah does not really belong here, 1 and the Torah only inserted it here in order to break between two punishments. 2

2.

Rashi #2 (in Shabbos, 116a): The Torah places these two Pesukim in parentheses, a sign that they form an independent Seifer, 3 dividing the Torah into seven Sefarim. 4


1

But to fifty Parshiyos earlier

2)

How can such a short paragraph be considered a Seifer?

1.

Torah Temimah (citing Maseches Yadayim, 3:5): The Mishnah there states that a Megilah (an entire parchment) that contains at least eighty-five letters


1

See Torah Temimah and Ba'al ha'Turim.

3)

What are the two punishments at that the 'Nunin' hint?

1.

Rashi (in Shabbos, 116a): 1. The desire to eat meat. 1 2. The Mis'onenim.

2.

Ramban (citing Shabbos, 116a) 2 : In fact, there are (not two punishments mentioned here, but three


1

Ramban ( During the three days after leaving Har Sinai, the rabble already had the desire to eat meat with the express intention of rebelling against Hashem.

2

The same Gemara on which Rahi is based.

3

Ramban: Chazal refer to it as a punishment - despite the fact that no punishment is mentioned in the Pasuk

4)

When is "Vay'hi bi'Neso'a ha'Aron" referring to?

1.

Rashi #1 (earlier, in 9:18): It is referring to each time that Yisrael traveled. 1

2.

Rashi #2: Refer to 10:35:5:1.

3.

Seforno: It is referring to, what ought to have been the last time they broke camp before entering Eretz Cana'an. 2

4.

Targum Yonasan: Refer 10:35:5:5.


1

Refer to 10:35:1:1*.

2

Refer to 10:35:5:3.

5)

What are the implications of the words "Kumah Hashem ... "?

1.

Rashi #1: Since the Aron traveled three days ahead of Machaneh Yisrael, Moshe would announce 'Stop Hashem and wait for us! Don't distance Yourself any more!'

2.

Rashi #2: Refer to 9:18:1:1.

3.

Seforno: Had Yisrael not sinned by the Eigel, they would have entered Eretz Cana'an without a fight; and it is in that vein Moshe Davened for the enemy to scatter and flee before Hashem.

4.

Rashbam: Moshe declared this with reference to the Shechinah, that was about to move off the lid of the Aron.

5.

Targum Yonasan: When the time came to travel, and the Cloud folded (and gathered above the camp of Yehudah), it did move until Moshe Davened and said "Kumah Hashem", and asked Hashem to display His anger against the enemy. 1


1

Refer to 10:35:6:3.

6)

What are the connotations of the Pasuk "Veyafutzu Oyvecha, Veyanusu Mesan'echa Mipanecha!"?

1.

Rashi: The former constitutes a Tefilah that the enemy that has gathered together should scatter; the latter, a prayer that the enemy that is pursuing them should flee.

2.

Seforno: Refer to 10:35:5:3

7)

Bearing in mind that the Torah is referring to the enemies of Yisrael, why did Moshe say (Oyvecha and) "Mesan'echa" with reference ro Hashem?

1.

Rashi: Because whoever hates Yisrael, hates the One who created the world. 1


1

Rashi: As the Pasuk in Tehilim indicates. See also Targum Yonasan, who translates "Oyvecha" and) "Mesan'echa" as 'the enemies and haters of Your people'.

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