hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah insert the word "Asei Lecha"?

1.

Rashi: "Lecha" has three connotations: (a) That the Kohanim 1 should blow the trumpets before Moshe, like one blows before a king; 2 (b) Moshe must pay the expenses from his own pocket; (c) That Moshe should have sole jurisdiction over them. 3

2.

Moshav Zekenim, citing R. Eliezer of Garmaiza: It is for your benefit. Without trumpets, you need to send for everyone. Now, you gather them at once.


1

See Pasuk 8

2

Rashi: See Devarim 33:5, where the Torah refers to Moshe as a king.

3

See also Rashi, Devarim 31:28. The Rashbam learns this from "v'Hayu Lecha Lemikra ha'Eidah ..."

2)

Why were the trumpets made of silver, and not of gold?

1.

Moshav Zekenim citing Rosh, Ba'al ha'Turim, Riva #1: So they should not recall the sound accompanying the golden calf - "Kol ha'Am b'Re'oh" (Shemos 32:17).

2.

Riva #2: The Torah is concerned for the money of Yisrael. 1


1

I.e. of Moshe, according to Rashi (refer to 10:2:1:1).

3)

What are the connotations of "Lemikra ha'Eidah u'Lemasa es ha'Machanos"?

1.

Rashi: "Lemikra ha'Eidah" refers to calling the Sanhedrin or gathering the Kahal; "u'Lemasa es ha'Machanos", to blowing for the Machanos to begin traveling. 1


1

Refer to 9:18:1:1, 10:5:1:1.

4)

What distinction did the Kohanim draw between gathering the Kahal and calling the Nesi'im?

1.

Rashi (3, 4): To gather the people, they blew on both trumpets, 1 but only one trumpet to call the Nesi'im.


1

Rashi: As the word "Bahen" implies.

5)

Why did the Torah insert the Parshah of the trumpets here?

1.

Seforno #1: Because It was Hashem's intention to lead Yisrael into Eretz Yisrael immediately, and they would blow on the trumpets as one blows before a king. 1

2.

Seforno #2: Because when the Mishkan and the Mikdash traveled, they would blow on trumpets in honor of the Shechinah. 2

3.

Seforno #3: When Moshe gathered the Kahal or called the Nesi'im to the entrance of the Ohel Mo'ed before Hashem too, they would blow the trumpets in honor of the Shechinah.


1

It is unclear as to whether the 'king' refers to Hashem or to Moshe (Refer to 10:2:1:1**, 10:2:5:2,3 - EC).

2

Refer to 10:5:3:2.

6)

What does "Mikshah" mean?

1.

Rashi: Refer to 8:4:2:1.

2.

Targum Yonasan: Refer to 8:4:2:2.

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