What is this Pasuk coming to teach us?
Rashi and Ramban #1: It is teaching us that if a Kohen takes blood of a Chatas Chitzonah into the Heichal 1 with the intention of attaining atonement there, 2 the Korban is Pasul and may no longer be eaten.
Likewise, if he takes the blood of a Chatas Penimi into the Kodesh Kodshim it becomes Pasul (Ramban).
The Par Kohen Mashi'ach, the Par He'elam shel Tzibur, the Pasr and Sa'ir of Yom Kipur and the Se'irei Avodah Zarah, which are all burned outside the camp (Rashbam).
See Rashi, Pesachim, 23b DH 'Kol Chatas ... '.
And why does the Torah add the word "ve'Chol"?
Rashi: To teach us that the same applies to the blood of all Kodshim that is designated to be sprinkled on the Mizbe'ach ha'Olah.
Why does the Torah add the 'Mem' in "mi'Damah"?
Ramban: To reach us that even if the Kohen receives the blood in two bowls and takes only one of them into the Azarah, the Korban is Pasul.