hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah write "Nefesh" in connection with the Korban Chatas?

1.

Ramban, Moshav Zekenim #1: Because the Chatas comes for a sin that is performed b'Shogeg, which is a matter of Machshavah, which in turn, is a function of the Nefesh.

2.

Ramban #2, Moshav Zekenim #2: Because every sin creates a blemish in a person's Nefesh, preventing it from coming before Hashem until it has been atoned for by means of a Korban Chatas.

3.

Ramban #3 (citing Toras Kohanim): it comes to include Geirim and Avadim in the realm of Korban Chatas.

4.

Moshav Zekenim 1 #3 (from Vayikra Rabah): Hashem judges primary the Neshamah for sin, for it comes from a place of Taharah, and sins and does not remember its source


1

Da'as Zekenim bring similar to this. He says that in the future, Hashem will judge the body and Neshamah together.

2)

What does "mi'Kol Mitzvos Hashem" (in connection with a Korban Chatas) incorporate?

1.

Rashi: It incorporates Lavin 1 that are subject to Kares and that one transgresses b'Shogeg.


1

See 4:2:3:1.

3)

What can we learn from the 'Mem' in "me'Achas me'Heinah"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: One is liable for a partial Aveirah, e.g. someone who writes on Shabbos part of a word 1 - such as 'Shem' from Shimon, 'No'ach' from Nachor' or 'Dan' from Daniel is Chayav to bring a Korban.


1

Two letters that themselves make up a word.

4)

Why does the Torah add "asher Lo Se'asenah"?

1.

Rashi (in Eruvin, 96a) and Rashbam: To preclude someone who transgresses Pesach or Milah b'Shogeg from bringing a Korban Chatas, which are Mitzvos Asei. 1


1

Even though they would be subject to Kares if they transgressed be'Meizid.

5)

What is the reason for Korban Chatas?

1.

Rosh (1:3), Da'as Zekenim (2:13): Hashem creates the cure before our wounds. When a person sins, and offers a Korban and atones, and knows that he is clean from his sin, he is careful not to dirty himself again. If not, once a person sins and repeats it, he considers it like Heter. One who wears dirty clothes does not guard them from mud. "B'Chol Es Yihyu Vegadecha Levanim" (Koheles 9:8). 'Hashem wanted Lezachos (to cleanse) Yisrael, therefore He gave to them much Torah and Mitzvos', to engage in them and not get dirty.

2.

Sha'arei Teshuvah (4:2): An Aveirah for which there is Kares b'Mezid, since it is so severe, even b'Shogeg and after Teshuvah, Kaparah is not complete without a Korban.

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