hebrew
1)

Why do the Berachos begin specifically with rain?

1.

Ramban: Because when the rain falls in the right time, the air is pure, the fountains and rivers produce good water, and the land 1 yields a bountiful harvest and the trees a lot of fruit. 2 As a result of all this, the people remain healthy, they and the animals do not lose their babies and they live long lives. 3


1

Ramban: Incorporating the animals, the birds, the fish ... , like we find often in Tanach - See for example, Bereishis, 1:1, 2:1.

2

Ramban: As the Pasuk goes on to explain.

3

Ramban: Consequently, this is the greatest of all the Berachos.

2)

What are the connotations of "b'Itam"?

1.

Rashi: "B'Itam" refers to times when people are not in the streets 1 - such as Tuesday night and Friday night.

2.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means when they are due.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

3)

What is the definition of "Eitz ha'Sedeh"?

1.

Rashi: It means barren trees. 1


1

Which will bear fruit in the time of Mashi'ach -when the current Berachos will take place (See Sifsei Chachamim).

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

4)

Rashi writes that Eitz ha'Sedeh" is barren trees. "Piryo" implies that they normally bear fruit!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Perhaps "Piryo" refers to the field (the trees will produce what it is proper for the field to produce).

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
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