Why does the Torah juxtapose a Nidah ("veha'Davah") next to a Zav?


Rashi (Shabbos, 83b): To teach us that, like a Zav, a Nidah is Metamei be'Masa someone who carries her.


What exactly is the Torah teaching us here?


Seforno (32,33): To remind ... the Zav - that he brings a Chatas [and an Olah] because he sinned both in deed and in thought; 1 ... the Ba'al-Keri - that he is Tamei because he did not intend for having children 2 ; ... the Nidah - that Nidus is a punishment for a sin; 3 ... the Zav - to remind him of a prior sin. The man and the woman should ponder the difference between their emissions, 4 and to point out that a man who has relations with a Teme'ah, adopts her Tum'ah, whereas a woman who has relations with a Tamei does not.


Targum Yonasan: It is reminding all the above-mentioned Teme'im to adhere to the laws that pertain to them and to bring the appropriate Korbanos so as to attain atonement.


Refer to 15:2:6:2.


Seforno: This is due to the sin [of Eitz ha'Da'as, which came through] the snake.


Presumably, the Seforno is referring to the sin of Chavah (Refer to 15:30:1:2**).


Men become Tamei through white, and women, through red (Seforno).


What do we learn from "veha'Davah b'Nidasah"?


Moshav Zekenim (from Shabbos 64b): A Nidah is distanced; she may not paint her eyes or apply rouge. R. Akiva says, if so she will become repulsive to her husband 1 ! Rather, these are permitted, "veha'Davah b'Nidasah" teaches that she is Nidah until she immerses.


Moshav Zekenim, citing Avos d'R. Nasan (2): Her husband may not sleep with her in the same bed, even clothed.


Moshav Zekenim: If the Torah forbids, we must follow it! Rather, the verse is a mere Asmachta; R. Akiva argues with Chachamim who forbid mid'Rabanan, and the Halachah follows him.

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