What is the significance of the seven days mentioned here?


Rashi: Seven days was the duration of each of the ten plagues 1 with three weeks warning in between. 2


Ramban: This refers to the period of time the Egyptians spent digging round the river searching for water.


Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: The plague of blood lasted seven days. After seven days, Hashem cured the water of the river.


Moshav Zekenim: 'Nezifah' (censure) is not less than seven days - Mo'ed Katan 16a. Hashem actually killed the Bechoros in one moment; however, it was seven days from when the Bechoros began killing their fathers (M"Z 19:1).


Da'as Zekenim and Hadar Zekenim: There were 30 days between Makos, like the Gematriya of the extra Chaf-Yud at the end of "Shalach Osos u'Mofsim b'Sochechi Mitzrayim". Choshech was six days and the darkness at Keri'as Yam Suf completed the Shi'ur of seven days (also Riva 10:23, citing Midrash Tanchuma).

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