hebrew
1)

What does the Torah refer to as "ha'Mishkan"?

1.

Rashi, Rashbam and Seforno: It refers to the bottom set of curtains 1 as "the Mishkan". 2


1

Which constituted the roof and the walls that housed the Aron, and the planks were there merely to support the curtains (Oznayim la'Torah, Pasuk 16). Refer to 26:15:2:1.

2

So-called because it housed the Aron, on which the Shechinah dwelt (Rashbam), or because it housed 'a 'chair, a table and a lamp' in honor of the Shechinah (Seforno).

2)

How thick was each of the respective threads

1.

Rashi: Each completed thread comprised each of the four individual threads (linen, dark blue wool, purple wool and bright red wool), each of which had been spun into a six-fold thread. 1


1

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

3)

What is the difference between "Ma'aseh Choshev" and Ma'aseh Rokeim" mentioned later (See Shemos 27:16)?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam (31): The former means woven, with a different picture on either side of the fabric; 1 the latter, embroidered, with the same picture appearing on both sides.


1

A lion on one side, an eagle on the other; a man on one side, an ox on the other (See Sifsei Chachamim).

4)

What were the Keruvim that were woven into the curtains?

1.

Rashi: Refer to 26:1:31.

2.

Seforno, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: The Keruvim were forms of angels. 1


1

See Yeshayah, 6:2 and Melachim 1, 22:19 [Seforno].

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