hebrew
1)

Rashi writes: "'In another seven days' - [This was] an additional time period, after the 120 years had concluded." What did Rashi find difficult in the verse?

1.

Gur Aryeh: The verse could have stated, "In seven days," without the word "another." Rather, these seven days were in addition to the 120 years.

2)

HaSh-m had already given the people 120 years' warning. Why the additional seven days?

1.

Rashi: These were the seven days of mourning of Mesushelach ha'Tzadik; HaSh-m postponed the Flood for another seven days in deference to him.

2.

Targum Yonasan: HaSh-m gave them a last chance to do Teshuvah - a final warning 1 closer to the occasion. 2

3.

Hadar Zekenim #1: They were seven days to mourn the loss of the world. 3

4.

Hadar Zekenim #2: During these days, HaSh-m gave them a taste of the world to come


1

Hadar Zekenim: During those seven days, the sun rose in the west and set in the east. Refer to 7:4:1.3:1.

2

See Rashi here, and Rashi to Shemos 19:24.

3

Similarly, HaSh-m commanded Aharon and his sons not to leave the entrance of the Ohel Mo'ed for seven days (Vayikra 8: 33-35). These days would serve as mourning over Nadav and Avihu

3)

Rashi writes: "'In another seven days' - these are the days of mourning for the righteous Mesushelach." What is the source for this in the verse?

1.

Gur Aryeh: Why would HaSh-m need to warn Noach seven days in advance? It must be that the seven days were for another reason, namely, the honor of Mesushelach. HaSh-m informed Noach of this, so that he should not ask why the Mabul had not yet arrived, since the deadline of 120 years had already arrived (Refer to 7:4:0.1).

4)

Rashi writes: "These are the days of mourning for the righteous Mesushelach." Why did HaSh-m delay the Mabul for this reason?

1.

Maharal #1 (Chidushei Agados, Vol. 3, p. 257): Eulogy for the righteous is considered the honor of the departed (as opposed to the honor of the assembled), therefore, HaSh-m did not bring the Mabul and interrupt the seven days of mourning.

2.

Maharal #2 (ibid.): The pain of the passing of the righteous was sufficient for the time being; HaSh-m does not bring one tragedy on top of another.

5)

Rashi writes: "These are the days of mourning for the righteous Mesushelach." What took place during these seven days?

1.

Maharal #1 (Chidushei Agados, Vol. 3, p. 257): Chazal teach that during these seven days, the sun rose in the west and set in the east; the destruction of the world followed the reverse order of its creation.

2.

Maharal #2 (ibid.): Chazal teach that during these seven days, HaSh-m gave the people a taste of Olam ha'Ba. In contrast to other generations that have been punished, the generation of the Mabul was wiped out eternally, therefore, HaSh-m gave them their Olam ha'Ba in this world. 1


1

He adds that because the world was created in seven days, their taste of Olam ha'Ba lasted for seven days.

6)

What is the significance of the forty days during which HaSh-m blotted out the world?

1.

Rashi It corresponds to the forty days in which a baby is formed, and to the trouble to which they put Ha'Kadosh-Baruch-Hu to form the Mamzerim that they conceived.

7)

רש"י: אלו שבעת ימי אבלו של מתושלח הצדיק: מנין למדו זאת?

1.

גור אריה: למה אמר ה' לנח שהמבול יהיה עוד 7 ימים? אלא שכבר כלו ה-120 שנה שאמר ה', והפורענות התעכבה בגלל ימי אבלו של מתושלח.

8)

רש"י: מהו עוד, זמן אחר זמן: מה היה קשה לרש"י?

1.

גור אריה: קשה למה לא כתוב 'כי לימים שבעה' בלי "עוד"? אלא בנוסף על ה-120 שנה שנתן להם ה'.

9)

למה המתין ה' עוד שבעה ימים?

1.

מהר"ל (חידושי אגדות ח"ג עמ' רנ"ז ד"ה הספדו): ההספד הוא כבוד הצדיק ולכן לא ירד המבול בימי אבלו של מתושלח.

2.

מהר"ל (חידושי אגדות ח"ג עמ' רנ"ז ד"ה הספדו): די היה בצער על מות הצדיק וה' לא מביא צרה על צרה.

3.

מהר"ל (חידושי אגדות ח"ג עמ' רנ"ז ד"ה ששנה): בשבעת ימים הללו הייתה חמה זורחת במערב ושוקעת במזרח כי הפסד העולם נעשה בצורה הפוכה מהווית העולם.

4.

מהר"ל (חידושי אגדות ח"ג עמ' רנ"ז ד"ה שהטעימן): בשבעת ימים הללו הטעימם ה' מעין עולם הבא כי בשונה משאר פורעניות, על דור המבול נגזר להמחות, ולכן קיבלו את העולם הבא כבר בעולם הזה. 1


1

והוסיף שם שהעולם נברא בשבעה ימים ולכן כשהטעימם מעין העולם הבא בעולם הזה- נתן להם 7 ימים.

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