hebrew
1)

What is the difference between "Melech" and "Moshel"?

1.

Ramban, Peninim mi'Shulchan ha'Gra, Malbim: A Melech is one whom people willingly appoint over themselves. Moshel is one who rules by force 1 or by other means. 2


1

Divrei Eliyahu: At the end of Shiras ha'Yam, it says "Ki la'Shem ha'Meluchah u'Moshel ba'Goyim... v'Hayah Hashem l'Melech al Kol ha'Aretz" - now Yisrael accepted Hashem, and he rules by force over the other nations. In the future, all will accept Him over them.

2

See Oznayim la'Torah.

2)

Why is "ha'Maloch" written without a 'Vav' and "Mashol" with a 'Vav'?

1.

Ba'al ha'Turim (in Bereishis 28:14): The former refers to the six righteous Shoftim who descended from Efrayim, the latter, because all the kings that descended from Menasheh were Resha'im.

3)

How could they hate him for his dreams? Was it his fault that he dreamt them?

1.

Seforno: It was not on account of the actual dream that they hated him, but because he related all the details, intimating that he hoped that they would materialize.

2.

Moshav Zekenim, Malbim:,They suspected that during the day he thought about ruling over them, and therefore he dreamed about it at night (Daniel 2:29). Ha'Emek Davar - this is why they did not envy him yet, for they thought that it is not a prophecy, merely it is due to his thoughts.

4)

Which "Devarav" (words) is the Pasuk referring to?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It is referring to the evil reports that he brought to his father.

2.

Seforno and Ramban: They hated him for telling them to pay attention to his dream. 1

3.

Ohr ha'Chayim #1: It is for telling them his dream. Had he not dreamed so, he would not have said such matters!

4.

Ohr ha'Chayim #2: He told it to them so they will interpret it, and it will be fulfilled, for he wants to rule over them.

5.

Ohr ha'Chayim #3: It was for acting like a lover, and his heart plots against them.

6.

Ohr ha'Chayim #4: He is not ashamed to say in front of older brothers that he will rule over them.

7.

Malbim: He told it to them so they will immediately accept him to be Melech over them.


1

Refer to 37:6:1:1.

5)

Seeing as at this point, Yosef had only dreamt one dream, why does the Torah write that they hated him for his dreams?

1.

Seforno, Ohr ha'Chayim: It was because of the details of the dream that he related that they hated him. 1

2.

Da'as Zekenim #1, Hadar Zekenim #1: The Torah wrote based on the future, that he would have another dream.

3.

Hadar Zekenim #2, Da'as Zekenim #2: He used to constantly tell them this dream.

4.

Riva (5) citing R. Elyakim, Moshav Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim #3: The dream of the sheaves was his second dream. The Torah does not record what the first dream was. 2

5.

Refer to 37:7:152:1.


1

Refer to 37:8:3:1.

2

Riva: This is because it was not fulfilled Some say that it was what Rashi brings below, if 10 lamps could not extinguish one... (refer to 50:19:1:1*). This is difficult. If so, why was it not recorded here?

6)

What was their question "ha'Maloch... Im Mashol"?

1.

Ramban #1 (citing Ibn Ezra): 'Do you think that we will appoint you over us? 1 Or, do you think that you will rule over us by force'? Ohr ha'Chayim - there are two ways to interpret your dream. Surely, you think that you will rule over us.

2.

Ramban #2 (citing Targum Onkelos), Targum Yonasan: Do you think that you will be a Melech or Moshel over us?! You will not be either of them!

3.

Divrei Eliyahu: Do you think that you will be a Melech and a Moshel over us? 2

4.

Malbim: There is a contradiction in the dream. His sheaf rising implies that he will be a Moshel (ruler by force) over them. Bowing shows that they accept him to be Melech. A Moshel will not be a Melech!

5.

Ha'Emek Davar: It is feasible that you will be Moshel over us. However, will we accept you to be Melech over us? You are not a bigger Chacham than us!


1

Moshav Zekenim: This shows that dreams are fulfilled like the interpretation. Because they began "ha'Maloch", he became Melech over them.

2

Kol Eliyahu: The prefix Hei (ha'Maloch) is incredulous. Surely we will not accept you. We hate you! Since this is false, also being Moshel over us (which is feasible) is false.

7)

Why did they double the expression "ha'Maloch Timloch"?

1.

Ohr ha'Chayim #1: There are two astounding matters. Will you be a king?! And will you be a king over us?! We have a tradition that Yehudah will be king! The same applies to the repetition "Mashol Timshol."

2.

Ohr ha'Chayim #2: Because you think about ruling over us, this is why you dream about it!

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