Why did Lavan add the word "l'Ra'ah"?
Rashi: He meant that the prohibition of crossing this point was confined to doing so in order to do harm one another, but they were permitted to cross over to do business.
Riva citing R. Tam of Orleans, Moshav Zekenim: One of us is obligated to cross to help the other only if others do evil to the other.
Bearing in mind the treaty David made here with Lavan, on what basis did David send Yo'av to fight against Aram Naharayim?
Rashi (on Tehilim, 60:1): When Aram Naharayim queried Yo'av about that, they put the question to the Sanhedrin, who replied that Aram had been the first to abbrogate the treaty, twice - once when Bil'am went to curse Yisrael, and again, when Kushan Rish'asayim attacked Yisrael. Consequently, it was no longer in force.
It connotes that they will be punished if they do not cross to do evil!
Rashi, Riva: "Im" does not mean 'if', rather, 'that [I will not cross].'
Riva citing R. Tam of Orleans, Moshav Zekenim: One will be punished if he does not cross to help the other when others do evil to the other. 1
About Lavan it mentions being Over (crossing) only the pile, and about Yakov it mentions being Over the pile and the Matzevah!
Tosfos ha'Shalem (8, citing Chatzi Menasheh): Yakov made the pile near himself, and Lavan made the Matzevah near himself. If Lavan crosses the pile, he already crossed the Matzevah, so he did not need to stipulate about it. If Yakov crosses the pile, he did not yet cross the Matzevah, so he needed to stipulate about both. 1
Divrei Eliyahu and Kol Eliyahu: The pile is revealed. The Matzevah (Mitzpah) is concealed. Lavan can be Over (transgress, i.e. make war) only openly, but Yakov can be Over openly (war) or covertly (Inuy, i.e. withholding intimacy from his wives).
They could have stipulated that neither cross the one closer to himself! If Lavan may cross the closer one, also Yakov should be allowed to do so! (PF)
רש"י: אם אני - הרי אם משמש בלשון אשר: למה לא פירש כפשוטו שהגל יעיד אם אקיים את הברית?
גור אריה: הגל לא יכול להעיד על כך, אלא הכוונה שאני עושה את הגל עדות על מה שאמרתי שלא אעבור.