hebrew
1)

Having informed us that Lavan named the pile 'Yegar Sahadusa', why does the Torah see fit to add that he called it 'Gal'ed? Is this not a direct translation of Gal'ed?

1.

Ramban and Seforno: To teach us that he conceded to Ya'akov's wish that it should be called by its name in Leshon ha'Kodesh. 1

2.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1): Lavan said to make 'Yegar Sahadusa', a collection of testimony. Yakov said that that the pile itself will be a witness, and Lavan agreed.


1

And that is the name by which it subsequently became known (See Rashi, Divrei ha'Yamim 2:18:2). It is not clear why the Ramban adds that it is merely a translation of the name by which Lavan initially called it, since then it does seem to be teaching us anything.

2)

In what sense was the pile a witness?

1.

Rosh, Da'as Zekenim (52), Hadar Zekenim (52): They inserted a sword in the pile, and said that one who transgresses will be stabbed with a sword and stumble on the Matzevah. Bil'am, a descendant of Lavan, crossed with intent to curse Yisrael. His donkey crushed his leg on the Matzevah (see Targum Yonasan on Bamidbar 22:24), and later he was killed through the sword. 1 "The witnesses' hand will be first [to stone]."

2.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1, from citing Pirkei d'R. Eliezer 36): David could not cross to conquer Aram until he broke the Matzevah [even though Aram had already transgressed the Bris twice - Midrash Tehilim 60:1].


1

Moshav Zekenim: Rashi gave a rule, that whenever there is an Ed for a Bris, punishment is through the Ed. Therefore, Rashi explained (Bamidbar 22:24) that Bil'am's leg was crushed against a stone wall. He was killed be'Charev (Bamidbar 31:8), i.e. a sword known from before.

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