[14a - 55 lines; 14b - 46 lines]

1)[line 2]ושתלןSHESALAN- He distributed (lit. planted) them

2)[line 5]שמקמטין עצמןSHE'MEKAMTIN ATZMAN- that bind themselves, i.e. hold themselves back from sleep

3)[line 8]בר אריאBAR ARYA- son of a lion (a great, distinguished Torah Scholar)

4)[line 11]ובטליU'VATLEI- and they cease to exist

5)[line 11]"חדשים לבקרים, רבה אמונתך""CHADASHIM LA'BEKARIM, RABAH EMUNASECHA"- "They (the acts of kindness of HaSh-m mentioned in Eichah 3:22) are new every morning; great is your faithfulness" (Eichah 3:23) - The Gemara interprets this verse as referring to the Angels that are created each morning who sing the praises of HaSh-m (MAHARSHA).

6)[line 16]"... לְבוּשֵׁיהּ כִּתְלַג חִיוָּר וּשְׂעַר רֵאשֵׁהּ כַּעֲמַר נְקֵא...""... LEVUSHEI KI'SELAG CHIVAR U'SE'AR REISHEI KA'AMAR NEKEI..."- "... Whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of His head was like pure wool..." (Daniel 7:9).

7)[line 18]"... קוצותיו תלתלים שחורות כעורב""... KEVUTZOSAV TALTALIM SHECHOROS KA'OREV"- "[His head is like the finest gold,] His locks are wavy, and black like a raven" (Shir ha'Shirim 5:11).

8)[line 21]"... כָּרְסְיֵהּ שְׁבִיבִין (דינור) [דִּי נוּר] ...""... KARSEYEI SHEVIVIN DI NUR..."- "... His throne was like a fiery flame..." (Daniel ibid.).

9)[line 22]"[חָזֵה הֲוֵית] עַד דִּי כָרְסָוָן רְמִיו, וְעַתִּיק יוֹמִין יְתִיב...""[CHAZEI HAVEIS] AD DI CHARSAVAN REMIV V'ATIK YOMIN YESIV..."- "[I watched as] thrones were placed, and the Ancient of Days sat..." (Daniel ibid.).

10)[line 26]הגדהHAGADAH- the class of Rabbinical literature that explains the Tanach homiletically

11)[line 26]כלך מדברותיךKALECH MI'DABEROSEICH [alt., MIDBEROSEICH]- hold back your words

12a)[line 27]לשרפרףSHERAFRAF- a small bench or footstool

b)[line 28]להדום רגליוL'HADOM RAGLAV- as a footrest, footstool

13)[line 30]"ירהבו הנער בזקן והנקלה בנכבד""YIRHAVU HA'NA'AR BA'ZAKEN, VEHA'NIKLEH BA'NICHBAD"- "[And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbor;] the child shall behave arrogantly towards the elder, and the base against the honorable" (Yeshayah 3:5).

14)[line 33]ותעלוליםTA'ALULIM- (a) mockers (RASHI to Yeshayah 3:4); (b) young children (RADAK to Yeshayah ibid.)

15)[line 35]"לכו לחמו בלחמי ושתו ביין מסכתי""LECHU LACHAMU B'LACHMI, U'SHESU B'YAYIN MASACHTI"- "Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine that I have mixed" (Mishlei 9:5).

16)[line 36]אגדהAGADAH- the class of Rabbinical literature that explains the Tanach homiletically

17)[line 38]"קסם על שפתי מלך""KESEM AL SIFSEI MELECH..."- "A charm is on the lips of the king; his mouth does not transgress in judgment" (Mishlei 16:10).

18)[line 40]מתורגמןMETURGEMAN- (a) the person who repeats in a loud voice the words of the Rav, who lectures in a low voice (RASHI to Berachos 56a); (b) the person who translates into Aramaic the words of the Rav, who delivers the Shi'ur in a low voice in Hebrew (RASHI to Yoma 20b)

19)[line 44]שמנוערין מן המצותSHE'MENU'ARIN MIN HA'MITZVOS- that are empty of Mitzvos

20)[line 45]תעלי בני תעליTA'ALEI BENEI TA'ALEI- foxes [who are] the sons of foxes (unlearned people who are the sons of unlearned people)

21)[line 47]כשלונהKISHLONAH- downfall

22)[line 48]בעלי אמנהBA'ALEI AMANAH- trustworthy people, especially in business dealings (and who trust in the Creator)

23)[line 48]"כִּי יִתְפֹּשׂ...""KI YISPOS..."- "When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, 'You have clothing, be our ruler; and let this obstacle be under [the control of] your hand'" (Yeshayah 3:6).

24)[line 48]דברים שבני אדם מתכסין כשמלה ישנןDEVARIM SHE'BENEI ADAM MISKASIN [BAHEM] K'SIMLAH- subjects that cause people to hide themselves in their garments so that they should not be asked if they know them

25)[line 49]"... והמכשלה הזאת תחת ידך""... VEHA'MACHSHELAH HA'ZOS TACHAS YADECHA"- "... and let this obstacle be under [the control of] your hand" (Yeshayah 3:6).

26)[line 50]"ישא ביום ההוא לאמר...""YISA VA'YOM HA'HU LEIMOR..."- "On that day he shall swear, saying, 'I will not be a person who confines [himself in the Beis ha'Midrash]; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing; make me not a ruler of the people'" (Yeshayah 3:7).

27)[line 51]מחובשי בית המדרשCHOVSHEI BEIS HA'MIDRASH- those who confine themselves in the Beis Midrash

28)[line 54]"שוטטו בחוצות ירושלים, וראו נא ודעו ובקשו ברחובותיה, אם תמצאו איש אם יש עושה משפט מבקש אמונה; ואסלח לה""SHOTETU BA'CHUTZOS..."- "Run to and fro through the streets of Yerushalayim, and see now, and know, and seek in its broad places, if you can find a man, if there is anyone that does justice, that seeks the truth; and I will pardon it" (Yirmeyahu 5:1).


29)[line 4]מחמרMECHAMER- leading (directing) the donkey (from behind)

30)[line 8]תרשיניTARSHEINI- allow me

31)[line 28]תקופת תמוזTEKUFAS TAMUZ- the summer, when the temperature is the hottest

32)[line 30]במזמוטי חתן וכלהMAZMUTEI CHASAN V'CHALAH- the musical entertainment at a wedding

33)[line 32]ואשרי יולדתכםASHREI YOLADETECHEM- happy are the ones who gave birth to you

34)[line 34]טרקלין גדוליםTERAKLIN GEDOLIM- a large dining room, reception room

35)[line 34]ומצעות נאותMATZA'OS NA'OS- fine dining couches

36)[line 35]לכת שלישיתL'CHAS SHELISHIS- for the third group of righteous people who sit near the Shechinah

37)[line 36]הרצאותHARTZA'OS- (lit. lectures) cases of people who had occasion to expound Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah

38)[line 38]דארצי וארצו קמיה קחשיבD'ARTZI V'ARTZU KAMEI KACHASHIV- Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah is only enumerating the cases of people who had occasion to expound Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah before others and to have had others expound it before them

39a)[line 40]בפרדסPARDES- a place in Aravos, one of the seven firmaments, where the souls of the righteous are kept. It is called Pardes, "orchard," because it is similar to Gan Eden, the "garden" of Eden, which is hidden for the righteous (RABEINU CHANANEL).

b)[line 40]נכנסו בפרדסNICHNESU B'FARDES- peered into Pardes (without going anywhere) with a form of Ru'ach ha'Kodesh, after praying, cleansing and purifying themselves, fasting, and utilizing Shemos ha'Kedoshim (names of HaSh-m) and certain specific deeds (RAV HAI GA'ON, ARUCH, RABEINU CHANANEL).

40)[line 41]אחרACHER- Elisha ben Avuyah, a third-generation Tana, who became an apostate, and was subsequently known as "Acher" ("the other one"). Several reasons are cited to explain his abandonment of tradition (Chagigah 14b-15b, Kidushin 39b).

41)[line 41]אבני שיש טהורAVNEI SHAYISH TAHOR- pure (translucent) marble stones [that have the appearance of water] (with which the sixth Heavenly Sanctuary is paved - ARUCH) see Insights

42)[line 43]הציץHETZITZ- (a) he peered at the Shechinah (RASHI); (b) he continued to pronounce more Shemos ha'Kedoshim in order to be able to comprehend more of the essence of HaSh-m (RABEINU CHANANEL)

43)[line 43]"יקר בעיני ה' המותה לחסידיו""YAKAR B'EINEI HASH-M HA'MAVSAH LA'CHASIDAV"- "Difficult in the eyes of HaSh-m is the death of His pious ones" (Tehilim 116:15).

44)[line 44]ונפגעNIFGA- lost his mind

45)[line 44]"דבש מצאת אכול דייך פן תשבענו והקאתו""DEVASH MATZASA ECHOL DAYECHA, PEN TISBA'ENU VA'HAKE'OSO"- "When you find honey, eat only as much as is sufficient for you, lest you be filled with it, and vomit it" (Mishlei 25:16).

46)[line 45]קיצץ בנטיעותKITZETZ B'NETI'OS- (lit. cut down planted things) see Insights

47)[line 45]שאלו את בן זומאSHA'ALU ES BEN ZOMA- according to Rashi in the Ein Yakov (cited by Hagahos Dikdukei Sofrim), Ben Zoma was asked these questions while he was in Pardes.