POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
***11th CYCLE DEDICATIONS***|
YOMA 26 - dedicated by Reb Wolf Rosengarten of Zurich, in honor of Rav Moshe Soloveitchik, Zatzal, and the Yeshiva he established in Moscow.
1) MISHNAH: THE THIRD AND FOURTH PAYIS
(a) Those who had never performed the Ketores were invited to
the third Payis.
2) THE UNIQUE KETORES
(b) The fourth Payis, to bring the Eivarim from the Kevesh
onto the Mizbe'ach, was open to all.
(a) There was always a Kohen who had not yet done the
3) OTHER GLEANINGS FROM THE BERACHAH OF MOSHE
(b) Question: Why not let a Kohen win the Ketores twice?
(c) Answer: Because it brought wealth.
(d) Question: Why is that so?
1. It cannot be from the Berachah of Moshe, since, if
2. The Olah should also be restricted to one time.
3. No, the Olah is more frequent than the Ketores.
(a) One who is Moreh Halachah must be from Levi or Yisachar.
4) PAYIS FOR THE AFTERNOON TAMID
(b) Question: Perhaps he could also be from Yehudah, who is
(c) Answer: While Yehudah had great scholars, Levi and
Yisachar were blessed with learning Torah to its
(a) (R. Yochanan): The Kohen who won a task in the Tamid of
Shacharis, wins it for the Bein ha'Arbayim, as well.
5) THE FOURTH PAYIS
(b) Question: But the Beraisa teaches that there was another
(c) Answer: That was for the Ketores Bein ha'Arbayim.
(d) Question: But the Beraisa uses the masculine 'Lo'!?
(e) Answer: Teach the Beraisa with 'Lah', referring to
(f) Question: But a Beraisa specifies both the Tamid and the
(g) Answer: That is speaking on Shabbos (when the Mishmaros
are replaced before the afternoon Tamid).
(h) Question: How could we have thought there was a second
Payis, since that would make five, not four Paysos!?
(i) Answer: Both Paysos would have been done in the morning.
(a) Our Mishnah, which assigns the task of bringing Eivarim
from the Kevesh to the Mizbe'ach, argues with R. Eliezer
b. Ya'akov who holds that the same Kohen who brings it
to the Kevesh later brings it on to the Mizbe'ach.
(b) Question: What is their dispute?
(c) Answer: Our Tana holds be'Rov Am, and R. Eliezer b.
Ya'akov holds that it is impolite to leave a job
unfinished in the presence of the Shechinah.
(d) (Rava): R. Eliezer b. Ya'akov holds, unlike R. Yehudah
(25b), that there was a separate Payis for the Machtah,
and R. Yehudah holds, unlike R. Eliezer b. Ya'akov, that
there was a Payis for bringing the Eivarim onto the
Mizbe'ach, for otherwise, the count of each would be off
(and any Tana who holds that there were five, disagrees
with both of them).
6) MISHNAH: POSSIBLE PARTICIPANTS IN THE TAMID
(a) The Tamid could be, at times, brought by 9-12 Kohanim.
7) NISUCH HAMAYIM AT THE AFTERNOON TAMID
(b) As before, nine Kohanim are always needed, while
additions come from:
1. Sukos- a Kohen brought the water.
2. Bein ha'Arbayim- two Kohanim brought the Gizrei
3. Shabbos- two brought the Bazichei Levonah.
4. Shabbos and Sukos, combine to make 12.
(a) The Nisuch must be only at Shacharis, since otherwise
there could be 12 even on a weekday during Sukos!
8) TWO KOHANIM WITH THE GIZREI EITZIM
(b) A Beraisa supports this, citing the incident of the
Tzeduki who was pelted with Esrogim (at Shacharis) for
desecrating the Nisuch.
(a) Question: The Beraisa teaches the source as "ve'Archu
9) OTHER PERMUTATIONS FOR THE TAMID
1. This is not needed for the Tamid of Shacharis (since
we already were taught "u'Vi'er ... "), and thus
informs the afternoon Tamid.
2. Question: Perhaps both Pesukim speak of Shacharis?
3. Answer: Then the Torah would have repeated the same
4. Question: But perhaps the change of language is to
teach that the first wood is brought by one, and the
second by two?
5. Answer: Then the Torah would have used the same
word, first in singular, then in plural, either
"Bi'er" or "Arach".
(a) The Beraisa teaches that there could be 13-16 Kohanim.
10) MISHNAH: TASKS FOR THE OTHER ANIMALS
(b) Question: But we have a Beraisa which teaches 17?
(c) Answer: That Beraisa disagrees with R. Eliezer b. Ya'akov
(and holds like R. Yehudah).
(a) An Ayil (as an Olah) was brought by 11, as detailed.
11) HEFSHET AND NITUACH BY A ZAR
(b) A Par (Olah) was brought by 24, as detailed.
(c) These numbers are for Korbanos Tzibur, whereas a Korban
Yachid could be brought by a single Kohen.
(d) The Hefshet and Nituach of both types of Korbanos can be
done by a Zar.
(a) Question: What is the source for this permission?
(b) Answer (Chizkiyah): Since the Torah mentions the Kohanim
only once it speaks of putting on the flame.
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma