hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah call the Choshen "Choshen Mishpat"?

1.

Rashi #1: Because it atones for perversion of justice.

2.

Rashi #2: Because the message that it conveyed (to implement or not) 1 to Yisrael was clear-cut and accurate. 2

3.

Rashbam: Because it informs the Mishpat of Yisrael (in connection with future events that require clarification).

4.

Seforno (Pasuk 30): Because, the Kohen Gadol wore it on his heart in order to Daven on behalf of Yisrael that they should merit in judgment (before Hashem). 3

5.

Targum Yonasan: It served the triple purpose of 1. conveying to Yisrael matters that were hidden from the Dayanim; 2. revealing to them war tactics; 3. atoning for perversion of justice.


1

Rashi, Shemos 28:30. 2

According to the connotation of Mishpat that means to finalize the judgment - as opposed to the litigants' claims and the implementation of the judgment (Rashi). Rashi adds in Pasuk 30, that it was called Choshen Mishpat on account of the Urim ve'Tumim.

3

Refer also to 28:30:6:1.

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