CHULIN 57 (17 Shevat) - Dedicated by Mrs. Idelle Rudman in memory of her husband, Harav Moshe Reuven Rudman ben Harav Yosef Tuvia Rudman, on his Yahrzeit.

[57a - 42 lines; 57b - 55 lines]

1)[line 1]באחוזת עיניםB'ACHUZAS EINAYIM- with optical deception (he did not actually kill the man's son; he caused the man to react so that he would retract his intestines)

2)[line 1]אינגיד ואיתנחINGAD V'ISNACH- he became faint and sighed

3)[line 1]עול למעייניהOL L'MA'AYANEI- he retracted his intestines

4)[line 2]וחייטיה לכרסיהV'CHAITEI L'KEREISEI- and he (the Nochri) stitched up his abdomen

5)[line 3]צנאTZANA- a basket

6)[line 3]אינקוריINKUREI- (a) birds with bites or wounds on their legs (RASHI, 1st explanation); (b) black birds with white spots (O.F. pointure - spots) on their heads (RASHI, 2nd explanation, citing the Ge'onim)

7)[line 4]בצומת הגידיןB'TZOMES HA'GIDIN- the "meeting point of the sinews (or tendons)," tendons that attach the muscles of the middle of the leg to the bones of the lower leg; the exact location is discussed in the Gemara Daf 76a (see Background to Chulin 42:32 for a short description of the hind legs of Kosher animals); an alternate translation of the word "Tzomes" (brought by RASHI DH Tzomes) is "the place where the sinews connect, tighten and contract" (O.F.estreint)

8a)[line 5]שמוטת ידSHEMUTAS YAD- a dislocated shoulder

b)[line 6]שמוטת ירךSHEMUTAS YERECH- a dislocated thigh

c)[line 7]שמוטת גףSHEMUTAS GAF- a dislocated wing

9)[line 16]אין לו לא לינפל ולא ליחמרEIN LO LO LI'NAFEL V'LO LICHAMER- that is, the lung is not one of the organs that need to be checked for Tereifos when the animals falls off a roof or when it falls into a fire

10)[line 21]ברביBERIBI- one of the greatest sages of his generation ("Beribi" is a descriptive title such as "the Great," used to refer to a sage)

11)[line 26]נהרא נהרא ופשטיהNAHARA NAHARA U'PASHTEI- each river has its tributaries (i.e. each place has its own customs, and therefore Rav did not rule that a Shemutas Yerech was Kesheirah in Pumbedisa)

12)[line 39]כי סליק ר' אבאKI SALIK REBBI ABA- when Rebbi Aba "went up" to Eretz Yisrael; he and Rebbi Zeira were Amora'im who moved from Bavel to Eretz Yisrael


13)[line 19]חברוותאCHAVRAVASA- the scholars of the Beis ha'Midrash

14)[line 19]לא פרכיסLO PARKIS- he would not have made a move (i.e. he would not have even hinted that he disagreed with the Halachah being quoted)

15)[line 22]ומלחה רבי חנינאU'MALCHAH REBBI CHANINA- Rebbi Chanina salted it, to preserve it

16)[line 26]קדירת קנהKEDIRAS KANEH- a hole in the trachea

17)[line 28]כאיסר האיטלקיK'ISAR HA'ITALKI- like the Roman coin known as an "'As," which is the equivalent of 1/24 of a Dinar (see Background to Bava Basra 165:24, "Currency")

18)[line 29]קרומין של קנהKERUMIN SHEL KANAH- the skin-like, scaly envelope of reed

19)[line 32]שפופרת של קנהSHEFOFERES SHEL KANAH- a tube of a reed

20)[line 34]שעסקן בדבריםASKAN B'DEVARIM- a person who performs experiments to gather empirical evidence (see also MIDRASH RABAH Vayikra 22:4)

21a)[line 34]והיה עושה דבר להוציא מלבו של רבי יהודהV'HAYAH OSEH DAVAR LEHOTZI MI'LIBO SHEL REBBI YEHUDAH- and he performed an action to try to get Rebbi Yehudah to change (lit. to extract from Rebbi Yehudah's heart) his ruling with regard to Nitlah ha'Notzah, Pesulah (see next entry)

b)[line 35]ניטלה הנוצה פסולהNITLAH HA'NOTZAH PESULAH- a chicken that loses its downy feathers is a Tereifah (Mishnah Chulin 56b)

22)[line 37]במטלית של טרסייםB'MATLIS SHEL TARSIYIM- with a leather apron of coppersmiths, that constantly retains heat (RASHI, ARUCH; see TOSFOS DH Matlis)

23)[line 39]מאי עסקן בדברים?MAI ASKAN B'DEVARIM?- Why [was he originally called] an Askan b'Devarim (see above, entry #20)?

24)[line 39]"לך אל נמלה, עצל; ראה דרכיה וחכם. אשר אין לה קצין, שוטר, ומושל. תכין בקיץ לחמה ...""LECH EL NEMALAH, ATZEL; RE'EH DERACHEHA VA'CHACHOM. ASHER EIN LAH KATZIN, SHOTER, U'MOSHEL. TACHIN BA'KAYITZ LACHMAH; [AGRAH VA'KATZIR MA'ACHALAH.]"- "Go to an ant, o lazy one; see its ways and grow wise. For it has no official, taskmaster or ruler. It prepares its provisions in the summer; [gathers its food in the harvest time.]" (Mishlei 6:6-8)

25)[line 42]דשומשמניD'SHUMSHEMANEI- of ants

26)[line 42]אתנח ביה סימנאASNACH BEI SIMANA- he laid upon it a sign (such as a sprinkling of flour) [to be able to recognize it later]

27)[line 43]על, אמר להו, "נפל טולא"AL, AMAR LEHU, "NAFAL TULA"- it went in (back into the ant's nest) and said to them, "It is shady outside" (lit. "The shade has descended")

28)[line 43]נפקו ואתוNAFKU V'ASU- they (all of the other ants) came out

29)[line 43]דלייה לגלימיהDALYEI L'GELIMEI- he (Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta) took his cloak away

30)[line 43]נפל שמשאNAFAL SHIMSHA- [as a result,] the sun fell (shone) upon them

31)[line 43]נפלו עליה וקטליהNAFLU ALEI V'KATLEI- they fell upon him (the first scout) and killed him

32)[line 44]הרמנא דמלכא לא ליבעו?HARMANA D'MALKA LO LI'BA'U?- Would they not have had to ask for permission from the king [to kill that ant]?

33)[line 46]"בימים ההם אין מלך בישראל, איש הישר בעיניו יעשה.""BA'YAMIM HA'HEM EIN MELECH B'YISRAEL, ISH HA'YASHAR B'EINAV YA'ASEH." - "In those days there was no king in Yisrael, each man did whatever was right in his eyes." (Shoftim 17:6) (The House of Michah)

(a)In the preceding verses, the Navi tells the strange story of a man in Beis Efrayim by the name of Michaihu (later referred to as Michah), who informed his mother that he was the one who stole the 1,100 silver pieces for which she had been searching. She replied that she had already sanctified the money to HaSh-m, to make with it a carved and a molten image.

(b)When he handed over the money to her, she took it to a silversmith who melted it down and manufactured a carved and molten image, which she deposited in the house of her son.

(c)Michah had a house that he used for idol-worship in which he had placed an Efod (similar to the one worn by the Kohen Gadol) and Terafim (an image similar to the one that Rachel Imeinu stole from her father Lavan, to save him from the sin of idolatry). He appointed one of his sons to serve as priest.

(d)The Navi then informs us that Michah was able to get away with his sinfulness because of the lack of leadership in the nation at the time. Had there been a king or even a Shofet, the leader would have stopped him from indulging in such debauchery.

34)[line 47]סמוך אהימנותא דשלמהSEMOCH A'HEIMNUSA D'SHLOMO- rely on King Shlomo's trustworthiness (and there is, in fact, no evidence from Rebbi Shimon's experiment)

35)[line 49]מתנוונה והולכתMISNAVNAH V'HOLECHES- [if] it deteriorates with time

36)[line 53]חידוק של קרויהCHIDUK SHEL KERUYAH- a slice of a the shell of a gourd

37)[last line]ביעי דטרפהBE'EI D'TEREIFAH- the eggs of a chicken that was a Tereifah