1) [line 2] BENO - his son (i.e. the son of the son who sold his father's property)
2) [line 3] AVUCH MAZBIN, AT MAPIK?! - [The buyers can say to him,] "Your father sold [the property] and you are repossessing [it from us]?!"
3) [line 4] MI'KO'ACH AVUHA D'ABA KA'ASINA - I am inheriting (lit. coming) by virtue of my father's father (and not my father, who sold property that was never rightfully his)
4) [line 5] "TACHAS AVOSECHA YIHEYU VANECHA; TESHISEMO L'SARIM B'CHOL HA'ARETZ." - "Instead of your fathers shall be your children, whom you shall appoint as leaders throughout the land." (Tehilim 45:17)
5) [line 10] AVUHA MAZBIN, IHU MAPIK?! - [The buyers can say to him,] "The father (i.e. your father) sold [the property] and he is (i.e. you are) repossessing [it from us]?!"
6) [line 13] B'CHELEK BECHORAH MAI AVIDTEI? - What is he doing with the portion of the firstborn (since he is not his grandfather's firstborn son)?
7) [line 15] U'VIMKOM AV KA'IMNA - and I am inheriting (lit. standing) instead of my father
8) [line 16] AD SHE'LO NA'ASAH GAZLAN V'NA'ASAH GAZLAN - [Reuven was a witness to a document for Shimon] before he became a notorious robber and he became a notorious robber (EDUS: PESUL GAZLAN)
The Gemara (see Rosh Hashanah 22a) lists the people who are Pesulei Edus, those people who are disqualified to judge or to give testimony. A Gazlan (robber) is disqualified from giving testimony, as the verse states, "Al Tashes Yadecha Im Rasha Liheyos Ed Chamas" - "do not place your hand with the wicked to be a thieving witness" (Shemos 23:1).
9) [line 17] HU EINO ME'ID AL KESAV YADO - he may not testify to verify his signature (KIYUM SHETAROS)
(a) Mid'Oraisa, a Shtar (contract) or Get which was written legally and signed by witnesses is considered absolute proof. The Chachamim, out of fear of forgeries, required that every Shtar be validated ("Kiyum") in one of the following manners:
1. The witnesses themselves attest to the validity of their signatures.
2. Two other witnesses who recognize the signatures attest to their validity.
3. The signatures are matched to those on a previously validated Shtar or Get.
(b) At this stage in our Sugya, the Gemara states that the witness who became a Gazlan is disqualified from testifying to verify his signature, but others who recognize his signature may testify to validate the Shtar. This is thought to be the difficult topic of Dinei Mamonos.
10) [line 18] IHU LO MEHEIMAN, ACHARINI MEHEIMNEI? - He is not believed [to verify his signature since he is a Gazlan], others are believed [to validate a Shtar to which he is a witness]? (Perhaps he signed falsely, e.g. today, and the Shtar is not actually valid!)
11) [line 20] SHE'HUCHZAK KESAV YADO B'VEIS DIN - (a) his signature has previously been validated in Beis Din on a different Shtar (and even other witnesses are not believed to validate his signature, yet their testimony is unnecessary, since Beis Din already has a record of his signature) (RASHBAM, RABEINU GERSHOM); (b) this Shtar has been at hand until now in Beis Din; however, it had not yet been validated (RITVA); (c) his signature on this Shtar has previously been seen by Beis Din, and we have no reason to suspect that he signed falsely after he became a Gazlan (TOSFOS)
12) [line 22] AD SHE'LO TIPOL LO BI'YERUSHAH - [in a case where the Shtar is a bill of sale for a plot of land, one of the witnesses signed] before it (the same plot of land recorded in the Shtar) fell to him as an inheritance
13) [line 26] AD SHE'LO NA'ASAH CHASNO - before he became his son-in-law
14) [line 33] GEZEIRAS MELECH HI - it is the decree of the King (HaSh-m) [that a relative not be believed for any testimony, and not because we suspect that a person will sign falsely in favor of his relatives] (and even if Lo Huchzak Kesav Yado b'Veis Din previously, others are believed to verify his signature and validate the Shtar, while he is not believed) (RITVA)
15a) [line 35] MOSHE V'AHARON L'CHOSNAM - Moshe Rabeinu and Aharon ha'Kohen with regard to their fathers-in-law (had they signed Shetaros for them)
b) [line 35] MISHUM D'LO MEHEIMNEI HU?! - [are not accepted as valid witnesses] because they are not reliable?!
16) [line 39] HA'HU BI'VERACHAH KESIV - that [verse] is written merely to express a blessing (and the inheritance actually passes to the grandson from his grandfather through his father, and this is the difficult topic in Dinei Mamonos, since the father sold the property and the grandson is repossessing it from the buyers)
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