[34a - 11 lines; 34b - 12 lines]

1)[line 2] IKA CHAD SAHADA (SHEVU'AH: ED ECHAD)

Beis Din may not extract money in a court case based upon the testimony of a solitary witness. The Torah states " ... " "Al Pi Shenei Edim... Yakum Davar" - "according to the testimony of two witnesses... shall a verdict be established" (Devarim 19:15). However, Chazal learn (Shevuos 40a) that the testimony of one witness is effective to obligate the defendant to take an oath that contradicts this testimony. If the defendant does not agree to swear, Beis Din can then obligate the defendant to pay all of the liabilities to which the one witnessed testified.

2)[line 4] HAVAH LEI K'GAZLAN (SHEVU'AH: PESUL GAZLAN)

A Gazlan (robber) is disqualified from giving testimony, as the verse states, " " "Al Tashes Yadecha Im Rasha Liheyos Ed Chamas" - "do not place your hand with the wicked to be a thieving witness" (Shemos 23:1). As such, if Beis Din learns (through testimony that was given of other evidence) that someone is a Gazlan, he is disqualified from giving testimony in Beis Din.

34b----------------------------------------34b

3)[line 1]ARBA- boat

4)[line 1] D'HAVU MINTZU ALAH BEI TREI- about which two people were arguing (with regard to its ownership)

5)[line 3]TIFSUHA- [Beis Din should] seize it (so that my opponent does not sell it)!

6)[line 6]AFKUHA- [Beis Din should] let it go!

7)[line 6] KOL D'ALIM GAVAR- whoever is stronger (through legal proofs or physical strength) will win (RASHBAM)

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