[26a - 43 lines; 26b - 28 lines]

1)[line 5]הצורם אזןHA'TZOREM OZEN (MUMIN: MUMEI BEHEMAH)

See Background to Zevachim 25:28.

2)[line 9]דם המובלע באברים דם הואDAM HA'MUVLA BA'EVARIM DAM HU- blood absorbed in the limbs is considered blood

3)[line 10]שמנוניתSHAMNUNIS- edible body fats. (They are considered part of the meat, and thus they become Pasul when they are taken out of the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash.) (See KESEF MISHNAH, Hilchos Pesulei ha'Mukdashin 1:15.)

4)[line 11]בקדשי קדשיםB'KODSHEI KODOSHIM (KODSHEI KODASHIM)

See Background to Zevachim 25:29.

5)[line 16]פרכסהPIRKESAH- [if the animal] convulsed

6)[line 20]ויצתה לחוץV'YATZESAH LA'CHUTZ (PESULEI KORBAN: YOTZEI)

(a)The parts of the Korbanos that are eaten become Yotzei and are rendered unfit to be eaten if they leave their set boundaries (such as the Azarah for Kodshei Kodashim or Yerushalayim for Kodshim Kalim). Korbanos that were removed from the boundaries of the Azarah after they were slaughtered but before they were offered are also called Yotzei, and are forbidden to be offered on the Mizbe'ach.

(b)The Torah requires that all Yotzei be burned, as is derived from a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai (Pesachim 82b). The Rambam (Hilchos Pesulei ha'Mukdashin 19:1) cites the verse (Vayikra 7:17) as the source for this requirement.

7)[line 23]באליהB'ALYAH- [perhaps it is referring to] the tail

8)[line 23]ויותרת הכבדV'YOSERES HA'KAVED- and the diaphragm

9)[line 23]כליותKELAYOS- kidneys

10)[line 27]אישתבשתISHTABASHT- you are mistaken

11)[line 27]שחיטה על ירךSHECHITAH AL YERECH- [we require that] the slaughtering be done at the side [of the Mizb'each]

12)[line 31]אין דרך שירות בכךEIN DERECH SHEIRUS B'CHACH- this is not the proper way of doing the Avodah

13)[line 39]וציציתוV'TZITZISO- and his fringe; i.e. his hair

14)[line 41]הכבשHA'KEVESH- the ramp of the Mizbe'ach (see Background to Zevachim 4:10)

15)[line 42]שלא כנגד היסודSHE'LO KENEGED HA'YESOD- [or at a place on the Mizbe'ach] which does not correspond to the Yesod (the foundation of the Mizbe'ach; see Background to Zevachim 4:30). The blood must be placed on the upper part of the Mizbe'ach at a point above the Yesod. There was no Yesod, however, on the south-eastern corner of the Mizbe'ach (i.e. on part of the southern side and part of the eastern side; see Zevachim 53b and the diagram in Rashi there), and thus the blood could not be placed on the Mizbe'ach there.

16)[line 42]נתן את הניתנין למטה למעלהNASAN ES HA'NITANIN L'MATAH L'MA'ALAH - he placed those which must be placed below, above

(a)The Mizbe'ach of the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash was ten Amos tall. Halfway up the Mizbe'ach was the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that divided it.

(b)"Damim ha'Nitanin l'Matah" refers to the blood of the Korbanos that must be placed on the lower half of the Mizbe'ach. The Zerikos of the Olas Behemah and Chatas ha'Of, as well as all of the other Korbanos ha'Chitzonos, are performed on the lower half of the Mizbe'ach (below the Chut ha'Sikra).

(c)"Damim ha'Nitanin l'Ma'alah" refers to the blood of the Korbanos that must be placed on the upper half of the Mizbe'ach. The Zerikos of the Chatas Behemah and Olas ha'Of are performed on the upper half of the Mizbe'ach (above the Chut ha'Sikra).

(d)If blood that was supposed to be placed above the Chut ha'Sikra was placed below it (or vice versa), the Korban is invalid. Nevertheless, if the Korban was brought upon the Mizbe'ach, it is not removed.

17)[line 43]אין בו כרתEIN BO KARES- [in these cases of the Mishnah, since the blood is in the wrong place, the offering is invalid, and] there is no Kares

26b----------------------------------------26b

18)[line 6]שלא במקומו כמקומו דמיSHE'LO BI'MEKOMO KI'MEKOMO DAMI- [Shmuel maintains that putting blood in] the wrong place is like [putting it in] the right place; i.e. once blood reaches any part of the Mizbe'ach, it effects atonement, as though it had been placed on the correct part of the Mizbe'ach

19)[line 10]הכשרHA'KASHER- the qualified Kohen

20)[line 15]וליהוי דחויV'LIHEVEI DACHUY- and it should be invalidated (i.e. if a Pasul Kohen performed the Avodah, the remaining blood for the offering should be invalidated)

21)[line 16]וכולןV'CHULAN- and if any of them (those who are disqualified from performing the Avodah)

22)[line 16]חוץ לזמנוCHUTZ LI'ZEMANO (PIGUL)

(a)A sacrifice that was slaughtered (or any of the other three main actions involved in offering a sacrifice: Kabalas ha'Dam, Holachas ha'Dam, Zerikas ha'Dam - see Background to Zevachim 2:1) with the intention of eating it or offering it Chutz li'Zemano (after its allotted time) becomes disqualified. Similarly, a Minchah that was offered with intentions of offering it (i.e. doing one of its essential Avodos) or eating it after its allotted time becomes disqualified.

(b)It is forbidden to eat such a Korban, as the verse states, "v'Im He'achol Ye'achel mi'Besar Zevach Shelamav ba'Yom ha'Shelishi, Lo Yeratzeh, ha'Makriv Oso Lo Yechashev Lo, Pigul Yiheyeh" - "If [the person offering the sacrifice plans] to eat it on the third day, [the sacrifice] will not be accepted. It is considered Pigul (putrid, rejected) and it will not be counted in his favor" (Vayikra 7:18).

(c)If a person eats a k'Zayis of Pigul b'Mezid (intentionally) after Hasra'ah (being forewarned), he is punished with Malkus (lashes); the Lav for eating Pigul is learned from the verse of the Milu'im (Shemos 29:34). If he was not given Hasra'ah, he is Chayav Kares. If he eats it b'Shogeg (unintentionally), he must bring a Korban Chatas (as with all sins for which one is liable to Kares b'Mezid) (SEFER HA'CHINUCH Mitzvah #144.)

23)[line 16]וחוץ למקומוV'CHUTZ LI'MEKOMO (CHUTZ LI'MEKOMO)

(a)A Korban that was slaughtered (or any of the other three main actions involved in offering a sacrifice: Kabalas ha'Dam, Holachas ha'Dam, Zerikas ha'Dam - see Background to Zevachim 2:1) with the intention of eating it or offering it outside of the area designated for it becomes disqualified, and may not be eaten or offered on the Mizbe'ach. This is learned from the verse that repeats the prohibition of Chutz li'Zemano, slaughtering a Korban with the intention of eating or offering it after its allotted time (Vayikra 19:7; see previous entry).

(b)If a person intentionally eats from a Korban that was offered with the intention of Chutz li'Mekomo, he receives Malkus (lashes). If he eats from it unintentionally, he is exempt from bringing a Korban Chatas.

24)[line 17]דם הנפשDAM HA'NEFESH- the lifeblood of the animal, which spurts out upon its slaughter

25)[line 34]לאלתרL'ALTAR- immediately

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