Mishnah 1
Hear the Mishnah

1)

(a)In which connection does the Pasuk in Parshas Tzav write "u'mi'Pesach Ohel Mo'el Mo'ed Lo Seitz'u Shiv'as Yamim"?

(b)The Pasuk continues "Ka'asher Asah ba'Yom ha'Zeh, Tzivah Hash-m La'asos Lechaper Aleichem". What do we learn from ...

1. ... "La'asos"?

2. ... "Lechaper Aleichem"?

(c)What is the connection between this latter ruling and the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Vechiper ha'Kohen asher Yimshach oso"? What do we learn from this Pasuk?

1)

(a)The Pasuk in Parshas Tzav writes "u'mi'Pesach Ohel Mo'el Mo'ed Lo Seitz'u Shiv'as Yamim" - in connection with the Shiv'as Y'mei ha'Milu'im.

(b)The Pasuk continues "Ka'asher Asah ba'Yom ha'Zeh, Tzivah Hash-m La'asos Lechaper Aleichem". We learn from ...

1. ... "La'asos" - that, seven days prior to hen preparing the Parah Adumah, too, the Kohen had to separate from his home, and from ...

2. ... "Lechaper Aleichem" --- that the same applied to the Kohen Gadol seven days before Yom Kipur (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)The connection between this latter ruling and the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Vechiper ha'Kohen asher Yimshach oso" is - its reason, in that all the Avodos of Yom-Kipur must be performed by the Kohen Gadol, as we learn from this Pasuk.

2)

(a)Seven days before Yom Kipur, the Kohen Gadol moved to the Lishkas Falhedrin - Where was the Lishkas Falhedrin?

(b)What does 'Lishkas Falhedrin' mean?

(c)Why did they call the room used by the Kohen Gadol by that name?

2)

(a)Seven days before Yom Kipur, the Kohen Gadol moved to the Lishkas Falhedrin - which was a chamber situated on the south-eastern side of the Azarah ...

(b)... which means - the chamber of the king's officers.

(c)This was - because unfortunately, most of the Kohanim Gedolim after Shimon ha'Tzadik were Resha'im - who did not complete their year, and so, they changed each year like the king's officers.

3)

(a)Why was it necessary to appoint a deputy for the Kohen Gadol for the Avodah on Yom Kipur?

(b)What does Rebbi Yehudah add to that?

(c)Why was it imperative for the Kohen Gadol to be married when he performed the Avodah on Yom Kipur?

3)

(a)It was necessary to appoint a deputy for the Kohen Gadol for the Avodah on Yom Kipur - in case the Kohen Gadol became Tamei and was unfit to do the Avodah of Yom-Kipur.

(b)Rebbi Yehudah adds - that, by the same token, it was necessary to prepare for him a new wife, in case his wife dies ...

(c)... and the Torah specifically writes that "he shall atone on behalf of himself and on behalf of his his house (i.e. his wife)".

4)

(a)How did the Chachamim counter Rebbi Yehudah?

(b)On what grounds did they then agree that a deputy Kohen Gadol had to be appointed?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

4)

(a)The Chachamim countered Rebbi Yehudah - by pointing out that, in that case, one would have to appoint a third wife, incase the second wife dies, and a fourth one, and so on.

(b)They agreed that a deputy Kohen Gadol had to be appointed - because (as opposed to the death of a wife) Tum'ah of a Kohen Gadol was relatively common (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Im-kein')).

(c)The Halachah - is like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 2
Hear the Mishnah

5)

(a)Throughout the seven days prior to Yom Kipur, the Kohen Gadol sprinkled the blood and burned the Ketores. Which other Avodah, besides cleaning out the Menorah, did he perform during that period?

(b)Besides the fact that during the year, he may sacrifice any Korban that he pleases, what other right does the Mishnah list?

(c)In which kind of Kodshim does he have no specific rights?

5)

(a)Throughout the seven days prior to Yom Kipur, the Kohen Gadol sprinkled the blood, burned the Ketores. Besides cleaning out the Menorah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - he also brought on the Mizbe'ach the head and the right leg (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)Besides the fact that during the year, the Kohen Gadol may sacrifice any Korban that he pleases, the Mishnah also lists his right - take any portion that suits him.

(c)He has no specific rights however - in Kodshei ha'Gevul (such as T'rumah).

Mishnah 3
Hear the Mishnah

6)

(a)They handed the Kohen Gadol over into the jurisdiction of the elders from the elders of Beis-Din (the Sanhedrin). What did they do with him throughout the seven-day period?

(b)What did they initially say to him?

6)

(a)They handed the Kohen Gadol over into the jurisdiction of the elders from the elders of Beis-Din (the Sanhedrin) - who read before him the order of the day., throughout the seven-day period

(b)They initially said to him - 'My master, the Kohen Gadol, read it yourself. Perhaps you have forgotten it, or perhaps you never learned it'.

7)

(a)Why was this was necessary in the time of the second Beis-ha'Mikdash after the death of Shimon ha'Tzadik?

(b)In the time of the first Beis-ha'Mikdash, in which four areas was the Kohen Gadol superior to the other Kohanim?

(c)From which Pasuk in Emor do we learn it?

(d)What if the Kohen Gadol was simply not a wealthy man?

(e)From where do we learn this?

7)

(a)This was necessary in the time of the second Beis'ha'Mikdash after the death of Shimon ha'Tzadik - when the Kohen Gadol was generally appointed by the ruling power, even though he was unworthy of the post.

(b)In the time of the first Beis-ha'Mikdash - the Kohen Gadol was superior to the other Kohanim - in wisdom, looks, strength and wealth ...

(c)... as we extrapolate from the Pasuk in Emor - "ve'ha'Kohen ha'Gadol me'Echav".

(d)If the Kohen Gadol was simply not a wealthy man - then the other Kohanim would enrich him from their own resources.

(e)Which we learn from the same Pasuk - which we Darshen to mean 'Gadleihu mi'shel Echav' (Make him great from his brothers' resources).

8)

(a)In the morning of Erev Yom-Kipur, they stood him by the eastern Gate. What happened next?

(b)Why did they do that?

8)

(a)In the morning of Erev Yom-Kipur, they stood him by the eastern Gate - and passed before him bulls, rams and lambs (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

(b)... to acquaint him better with the Avodah of the day.

Mishnah 4
Hear the Mishnah

9)

(a)What major difference existed between the way the elders treated him throughout the seven days and the way they treated him on Erev Yom-Kipur just before the fast began?

(b)Why was that?

(c)What about food that makes a person hot, such as milk, eggs, fatty meat and old wine?

9)

(a)Throughout the seven days - the elders allowed the Kohen Gadol to eat as much as he wanted, but on Erev Yom-Kipur just before the fast began - they did not allow him to eat a lot ...

(b)... since a lot of food makes a person drowsy.

(c)As for food that makes a person hot, such as milk, eggs, fatty meat and old wine that they did not permit him to eat at all, since it can cause a person to became Tamei (Tum'as Keri).

Mishnah 5
Hear the Mishnah

10)

(a)Why, at the end of the seven days, did the elders of Beis-Din hand him over to the elders of the Kehunah?

(b)Why did they take him to the attic of Beis Avtinas?

(c)They made him swear that he was not a Tzedoki (See Tos. Yom-Tov). How did the Tzedokim interpret the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ki be'Anan E'ra'eh el ha'Kapores"?

(d)The Perushim disagreed with them however, since the Pasuk also says "Venasan es ha'Ketores al ha'Eish". What do we learn from there?

10)

(a)At the end of the seven days, the elders of Beis-Din handed him over to the elders of the Kehunah - to teach him the difficult Avodah pertaining to the handful of Ketores.

(b)They took him to the attic of Beis Avtinas - who were the Kohanim in charge of preparing the Ketores.

(c)They made him swear that he was not a Tzedoki (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - since the Tzedokim interpreted the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ki be'Anan E'ra'eh el ha'Kapores" to mean - that the Kohen Gadol is obligated to arrange the Ketores on the pan before entering the Kodeh Kodshim, and to enter with the Ketores already in it.

(d)The Perushim disagreed with them however, since the Pasuk also says "Venasan es ha'Ketores al ha'Eish", from which we learn - that one places the Ketores in the pan only after entering the Kodesh Kodshim.

11)

(a)What did they say to the Kohen Gadol when they made him swear?

(b)He stepped aside and wept, and so did they. Why did ...

1. ... he weep?

2. ... they weep?

(c)What is the source of the latter ruling?

11)

(a)When they made the Kohen Gadol swear, they said to him - 'My master the Kohen Gadol, we are the emissary of Beis-Din, and you are our emissary as well as the emissary of Beis-Din (See Tos. Yom-Tov). We now order you to swear in the Name of the One whose rests His Name in this house that you will not change anything that we have said to you!'

(b)He stepped aside and wept ...

1. ... because they had suspected him of being a Tzedoki; whereas ...

2. ... they wept - because they had suspected him ... .

(c)The source of the latter ruling is the statement in Shabbos that whoever suspects an innocent person, is bodily smitten (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 6
Hear the Mishnah

12)

(a)If the Kohen Gadol was a Talmid-Chacham, he would Darshen the entire night. What did he Darshen?

(b)What if he was not a Talmid-Chacham (only a Talmid, See Meleches Sh'lomoh)?

(c)What did he do if he was not even a Talmid?

(d)What if he was not capable of doing even that?

12)

(a)If the Kohen Gadol was a Talmid-Chacham, he would Darshen - (Halachah) the entire night.

(b)If he was not if he was not a Talmid-Chacham (only a Talmid, See Meleches Sh'lomoh) - then the Kohanim would would Darshen in front of him.

(c)If he was not even a Talmid - he would read excerts from T'nach

(d)If he was not capable of doing even that - then they wold read to him.

13)

(a)They would read before him excerts from Iyov, Ezra and Divrei-ha'Yamim. Why specifically them?

(b)What did Zecharyah ben K'vutal testify?

(c)Why was it necessary to keep the Kohen Gadol awake all night?

13)

(a)They would read before him excerpts from Iyov, Ezra and Divrei-ha'Yamim - since they are are particularly attractive and are therefore more likely to keep him awake)(

(b)Zecharyah ben K'vutal testified - that he had often read to the Kohen Gadol from Seifer Daniel.

(c)The reason that it was necessary to keep the Kohen Gadol awake all night - was to avoid him falling asleep and seeing 'Keri'.

Mishnah 7
Hear the Mishnah

14)

(a)What did they do if the Kohen Gadol began to doze off?

(b)Who would do that?

(c)What would they then say to him?

(d)Why did they do that?

(e)What did they then do until the time of Shechitah fell due?

14)

(a)If the Kohen Gadol began to doze off - they would click their forefingers (See Tos. Yom-Tov) from their thumbs to their palms.

(b)This was done by the young Kohanim, whose beards had just begun to grow.

(c)And they would say to him 'My master the Kohen Gadol, place one foot on the floor' ...

(d)... because the marble floor was cold and would help keep him awake.

(e)They would then keep him busy (See Tiferes Yisrael) until the time of Shechitah fell due.

Mishnah 8
Hear the Mishnah

15)

(a)What was the first Avodah that the Kohanim performed each morning in the Beis-ha'Mikdash?

(b)Where did the Kohen deposit the ashes?

(c)What happened to them there?

(d)When was the Terumas ha'Deshen generally performed?

15)

(a)The first Avodah that the Kohanim performed each morning in the Beis-ha'Mikdash was - the Terumas ha'Deshen (removing a shovelful of ashes from the Mizbe'ach ...

(b)... which they deposited beside the ramp of the Mizbe'ach ...

(c)... where it simply disappeared into the ground.

(d)The Terumas ha'Deshen was generally performed - round about dawn-break (wshen the cock crowed (perhaps a little earlier or a little later.

16)

(a)On Yom Kipur, the Kohen Gadol performed the Terumas ha'Deshen at midnight. Why was that?

(b)When did they perform it on Yamim-Tovim?

(c)Why so early?

(d)What does the Mishnah consequently say happened on Yom-Tov by the time the cock crowed?

(e)When did the Kohanim start bringing them?

16)

(a)On Yom Kipur, the Kohen Gadol performed the Terumas ha'Deshen at midnight - to allow for the weak state of the Kohen Gadol, who, as we already learned had to perform all the Avodos of the day.

(b)On Yamim-Tovim, they performed it - from the end of the first watch (two hours before midnight) ...

(c)... to enable them to bring the numerous Korb'nos Yachid that the people brought.

(d)Consequently, the Mishnah continues, by the time the cock crowed - the Azarah was full of people who had brought their personal Korbanos ...

(e)... though the Kohanim only began bringing them after the Tamid shel Shachar.

D.A.F. TALMUD RESOURCES
FOR MASECHES YOMA