Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)What is the practical difference between Nechsei M'log and Nechsei Tzon Barzel?

(b)And what is the Halachic difference between them ...

1. ... whilst they are still alive?

2. ... after they die or wear out?

(c)Why are they called Nechsei ...

1. ... 'M'log'?

2. ... 'Tzon Barzel'?

1)

(a)The practical difference between Nechsei M'log and Nechsei Tzon Barzel is - that whereas the former is not inserted in the Kesubah, the latter is.

(b)The Halachic difference between them ...

1. ... whilst they are still alive is that although the husband is permitted to benefit from both of them - should they appreciate or depreciate, she will either gain or lose the former, whereas it is he who will gain or lose the latter.

2. ... after they die or wear out is - similarly, that she bears the loss of the former, whilst he must replace the latter.

(c)They are called Nechsei ...

1. ... 'M'log' - because he 'skins' her (like plucking the feathers from a chicken).

2. ... 'Tzon Barzel' - because he accepts full liability for them, as if they were iron sheep, which his wife will never lose.

2)

(a)What distinction does the Mishnah now draw between an Almanah who marries a Kohen Gadol or a Gerushah or a Chalutzah who marries a Kohen Hedyot, who brings into the marriage Avdei M'log on the one hand, and Avdei Tzon Barzel on the other?

(b)What is the reason for the earlier ruling?

(c)From which Pasuk in Emor do we learn it?

(d)And why are the Nechsei Tzon Barzel permitted to eat Terumah?

2)

(a)The Mishnah now rules that - the Avdei M'log of an Almanah who marries a Kohen Gadol or a Gerushah or a Chalutzah who marries a Kohen Hedyot may not eat Terumah, whereas - her Avdei Tzon Barzel may.

(b)The reason for the earlier ruling is - because they belong to the woman and she is a Chalalah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)We learn it from the Pasuk "ve'Kohen Ki Yikneh Nefesh Kinyan Kaspo- Hu Yochal bo".

(d)Whereas the Nechsei Tzon Barzel are permitted to eat Terumah - because they are considered the Kohen's property, and a Kohen does not become a Chalal by marrying a woman who is forbidden to him).

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)What does the Mishnah now say about a bas Yisrael who marries a Kohen and who brings into the marriage Avdei M'log or Avdei Tzon Barzel?

(b)What is the reason for the former?

(c)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Kohen ki Yikneh Nefesh Kinyan Kaspo ... heim Yochlu be'Lachmo"?

(d)How do we learn it from there?

(e)And what does the Tana finally about a bas Kohen who marries a Yisrael in the same regard?

3)

(a)The Mishnah now rules that a bas Yisrael who marries a Kohen and who brings into the marriage Avdei M'log or Avdei Tzon Barzel - are permitted to eat Terumah.

(b)The reason for the former is - because they belong to the wife of a Kohen, and what belongs to a Kohen can feed his acquisitions Terumah.

(c)We learn this from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Kohen ki Yikneh Nefesh Kinyan Kaspo ... heim Yochlu be'Lachmo" - which teaches us that the Kinyan of a Kohen (such as a wife [See Tos. Yom-Tov]) may feed the souls that he/she acquires Terumah.

(d)We learn it from there - since "Kinyan Kaspo" is otherwise superfluous.

(e)The Tana finally rules that both sets of Avadim belonging to a bas Kohen who marries a Yisrael - are forbidden to eat Terumah.

Mishnah 3
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4)

(a)What does Rebbi Yossi now say about the Avadim of a bas Yisrael married to a Kohen, who dies, leaving her pregnant?

(b)One of his reasons is because an Ubar cannot feed Terumah. What is the other?

(c)Why does Rebbi Yossi's ruling apply even where there are other children?

(d)On what condition is the Almanah herself permitted to eat Terumah?

(e)What does Rebbi Yossi mean when he says 'she'ha'Ubar Posel'? What is the case?

4)

(a)Rebbi Yossi now rules that the Avadim of a bas Yisrael married to a Kohen, who dies, leaving her pregnant - are forbidden to eat Terumah ...

(b)... either because 'Ubar Eino Ma'achil (an Ubar cannot feed Terumah) or because 'Ubar be'Me'ei Zarah Zar hu' (a fetus in the stomach of a Zarah is considered a Zar)'.

(c)Rebbi Yossi's ruling applies even where there are other children - because the portion that the Ubar owns in the Avadim prevents them from eatng, as we explained.

(d)The Almanah herself is permitted to eat however - assuming that there other children (who are Kohanim).

(e)When Rebbi Yossi says 'she'ha'Ubar Posel' - he means that in the reverse case, where the Yisrael husband of a bas Kohen dies, leaving her pregnant, the Ubar forbids her to return to her father's house to eat Terumah.

5)

(a)As we explained, Rebbi Yossi is speaking about a bas Yisrael who is married to a Kohen. What do the Chachamim claim he ought to hold in the equivalent case, but where the pregnant wife that he left behind was a bas Kohen (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(b)Why is that? Which of the two reasons cited earlier do they ascribe to Rebbi Yossi (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(c)On what grounds do the Chachamim themselves permit the Avadim to eat Terumah (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tif'eres Yisrael)?

5)

(a)As we explained, Rebbi Yossi is speaking about a bas Yisrael who is married to a Kohen. The Chachamim claim he ought to hold in the equivalent case, but where the pregnant wife that he left behind was also a bas Kohen (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - that the Avadim ought to be forbidden to eat, too ...

(b)... since they ascribe to Rebbi Yossi the reason of 'Ubar Eino Ma'achil' (and not that of 'Ubar be'Me'ei Zarah Zar hu').

(c)The Chachamim permit the Avadim to eat Terumah (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael) - because a. an Ubar does not acquire and b. they may eat on account of the other children (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tif'eres Yisrael).

Mishnah 4
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6)

(a)The first item on the Mishnah's list of things that disqualify a Yevamah from eating Terumah is an Ubar. What is the case?

(b)What do we Darshen from the Pasuk (in Emor) "ki'Ne'urehah" (in connection with an Almanah returning to her father's house to eat Terumah)?

(c)The second item is 'ha'Yavam', the third 'ha'Erusin and the fourth, 'ha'Cheresh. What is the case regarding all three?

(d)Which of these cases do we learn from the Pasuk (Ibid) ...

1. ... "Veshavah el Beis Avihah"?

2. ... "u'Bas Kohen ki Sih'yeh le'Ish Zar"?

(e)Why can she not go back to eat Terumah there where she married a Cheresh?

6)

(a)The first item on the Mishnah's list of things that disqualify a Yevamah from eating Terumah is an Ubar, in a case - where the husband (a Yisrael) of a bas Kohen dies, leaving her pregnant and unable to return to her father's house to eat Terumah.

(b)From the Pasuk (in Emor)"ki'Ne'urehah", we Darshen "ki'Ne'urehah", 'to preclude a Me'uberes' (the Almanah currently under discussion) from returning to her father's house to eat Terumah [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(c)The second item is 'ha'Yavam', the third 'ha'Erusin and the fourth, 'ha'Cheresh. The case, like the previous one, is where the Yisrael husband of a bas Kohen dies, and who subsequently becomes betrothed to a Yisrael or who marries a Cheresh.

(d)In the same vein, we learn from the Pasuk (Ibid) ...

1. ... "Veshavah el Beis Avihah" - to preclude a Shomeres Yavam.

2. ... "u'Bas Kohen ki Sih'yeh le'Ish Zar" - to preclude the bas Kohen who is betrothed to a Yisrael (since 'Havayah' implies betrothal [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(e)And the reason that she cannot go back to eat Terumah in the case where she married a Cheresh is - because he acquires her due a Takanas Chachamim.

7)

(a)The Mishnah adds in all the above cases 've'Lo Ma'achilin'. About whom is the Tana speaking this time?

(b)What is the reason/source for this, in the case...

1. ... of 'Yavam' or where she married a Cheresh?

2. ... where she is betrothed to a Kohen?

(c)The last item in the Tana's list is 'a nine-year old boy'. To which case is the Tana referring when he writes ...

1. ... 'Poslin'?

2. ... 've'Lo Ma'achilin'?

(d)What is the reason for this dual Halachah?

7)

(a)The Mishnah adds in all the above cases 've'Lo Ma'achilin', with reference to - a bas Yisrael and a Kohen.

(b)The reason/source for this, in the case...

1. ... of 'Yavam' or where she married a Cheresh is - the Pasuk "Kinyan Kaspo", which she is not, the one because she is the Kinyan of his brother (See Tos. Yom-Tov), the other, because his Kinyan is only partial.

2. ... where she is betrothed to a Kohen is - mi'de'Rabbanan, because of the concern that she will take home some Terumah wine to share with her brothers and sisters (who are Yisre'elim).

(c)The last item in the Tana's list is 'a nine-year old boy'. When the Tana writes ...

1. ... 'Poslin', he is referring to - a nine-year-old P'sul Kehunah who has relations with a bas Kohen, Levi or Yisrael, who invalidates her from eating Terumah.

2. ... 've'Lo Ma'achilin', he is referring to - a nine-year-old-Kohen who marries a bas Yisrael, who cannot feed her Terumah

(d)The reason for the difference is - because whereas, on the one hand, the Bi'ah of a nine-year-old is considered a Bi'ah (See Tos. Yom-Tov), he is nevertheless a Katan, whose Kinyan is not a proper Kinyan (Ibid.).

8)

(a)The Tana now discusses a Safek nine-year-old and two other cases of Safek. What does he say about them (with regard to the Chiyuv Yibum)?

(b)One of the other cases is a Safek whether the boy has grown two pubic hairs or not. What is the third case (concerning where a house collapsed on two people)?

(c)What exactly is the Safek?

8)

(a)The Tana now discusses a Safek nine-year-old (See Tos. Yom-Tov) and two other cases of Safek - who require Chalitzah but not Yibum.

(b)One of the other cases is a Safek whether the boy has grown two pubic hairs or not (See Tos. Yom-Tov). The third case concerns - a house that collapsed on a man and his brother's daughter, who was also one of two wives, and the Safek is who died first ...

(c)... because - if he died before his wife, then since both wives fell to his brother (who is the father of one of them), the Tzarah will be Patur from Yibum; but - if his wife died first, she (the Tzarah) will be Chayav.

Mishnah 5
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9)

(a)What is the difference between 'Oneis' and 'Mefateh'?

(b)What is the Mishnah say about ...

1. ... a Yisrael who rapes or seduces a bas Kohen?

2. ... a Kohen who rapes or seduces a bas Yisrael?

(c)And what does the Tana say about a Shoteh Yisrael who marries a bas Kohen and a Shoteh Kohen who marries a bas Yisrael?

(d)Why is that?

9)

(a)'Oneis' is - a man who rapes, 'Mefateh' - a man who seduces.

(b)The Mishnah rules that ...

1. ... a Yisrael who rapes or seduces a bas Kohen - does not invalidate her from eating Terumah.

2. ... a Kohen who rapes or seduces a bas Yisrael - does not feed her Terumah either, and the same applies to ...

(c)... a Shoteh (See Tos.Yom-Tov) Yisrael who marries a bas Kohen and a Shoteh Kohen who marries a bas Yisrael ...

(d)... because a Shoteh does not acquire at all, even via Chupah and Kidushin.

10)

(a)On what condition does a Yisrael who rapes or seduces a bas Kohen invalidate her from eating Terumah ...

1. ... immediately?

2. ... even if he is Kasher?

(b)On what condition will the latter become permitted to eat Terumah ...

1. ... immediately?

2. ... even if the baby is born healthy?

10)

(a)A Yisrael who rapes or seduces a bas Kohen invalidate her from eating Terumah ...

1. ... immediately - if he is a P'sul Kahal (not eligible to marry a Kasher bas Yisrael [See Tos Yom-Tov]).

2. ... even if he is Kasher - in the event that she becomes pregnant (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The latter will become permitted to eat Terumah ...

1. ... immediately - in the event that it becomes cut-up inside her.

2. ... even if the baby is born healthy - in the event that it subsequently dies.

11)

(a)On what condition will a bas Yisrael who is raped or seduced by a Kohen and becomes pregnant become permitted to eat Terumah?

(b)Why is she not permitted to eat Terumah immediately?

(c)What does the Tana mean when he says that the Ko'ach of the son is greater than that of the father?

11)

(a)A bas Yisrael who is raped or seduced by a Kohen and becomes pregnant will become permitted to eat Terumah - when she gives birth.

(b)She is not permitted to eat Terumah immediately - because an Ubar cannot feed Terumah (as we learned earlier).

(c)When the Tana says that the Ko'ach of the son is greater than that of the father, he means - that whereas the father is not able to feed the woman that he raped or seduced Terumah, his son is.

12)

(a)The Mishnah states 'ha'Eved Poseil mishum Bi'ah, ve'Eino Poseil mishum Zera'. What does the Tana mean when he says 'ha'Eved ...

1. ... Poseil mishum Bi'ah'?

2. ... 've'Eino Poseil mishum Zera'.

(b)To explain the former ruling, the Mishnah cites the case of a bas Yisrael le'Kohen or a bas Kohen le'Yisrael whose son has relations with a Shifchah, and they bear a son. What is the status of that son?

(c)Why is that?

12)

(a)When the Tana says 'ha'Eved ...

1. ... Poseil mishum Bi'ah', he means - that if an Eved has relations with a bas Kohen, he invalidates her from eating Terumah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... 've'Eino Poseil mishum Zera', he means that - he does not invalidate his grandmother who is a bas Kohen le'Yisrael, as we will now explain.

(b)To explain the former ruling, the Mishnah cites the case of a bas Yisrael le'Kohen or a bas Kohen le'Yisrael whose son has relations with a Shifchah, and they bear a son, who has the status of - an Eved ...

(c)... because the child of a Shifchah inherits her status.

13)

(a)To explain the latter ruling, what does the Tana say about his grandmother assuming she is a bas ...

1. ... Yisrael le'Kohen?

2. ... Kohen le'Yisrael?

(b)Why is that?

(c)What does the Mishnah finally say about the same case where the grandson is a Mamzer?

(d)What is ...

1. ... the case?

2. ... the Halachah?

13)

(a)To explain the latter ruling, the Tana rules that, assuming his grandmother is a bas ...

1. ... Yisrael le'Kohen - (even if her husband died) she is permitted to eat Terumah.

2. ... Kohen le'Yisrael - she is permitted to return to her father's house to eat Terumah ...

(b)... because the baby of a Shifchah goes after her mother, and not after her father (in other words, he is not considered his child).

(c)The Mishnah finally rules in the same case, but where the grandson is a Mamzer - 'Posel u'Ma'achil' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)The ...

1. ... case is that of - a bas Yisrael le'Kohen or a bas Kohen le'Yisrael whose daughter 'married' an Eved or a Nochri, from whom she bore a son..

2. ... Halachah is, that the son, who is a Mamzer (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - enables the former to eat Terumah, and invalidates the latter (even though in both cases, her husband is no longer alive).

Mishnah 6
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14)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a Kohen Gadol invalidating his grandmother from eating Terumah?

(b)The case begins with a bas Yisrael marrying a Kohen from whom she bears a daughter. What happens next?

(c)On what grounds does that son invalidate his grandmother from eating Terumah?

(d)What might she declare?

(e)On the other hand, what favor does the same son do for his mother?

14)

(a)The Mishnah states that - sometimes a Kohen Gadol invalidates his grandmother from eating Terumah.

(b)The case begins with a bas Yisrael marrying a Kohen from whom she bears a daughter - who marries a Kohen, from whom she bears a son who is fit to be a Kohen Gadol.

(c)That son invalidates his grandmother (who if not for him, would return to her father's house ... ) from eating Terumah - because a bas Kohen who has offspring from a Yisrael may no longer do so (as we have already learned).

(d)She might well declare - 'May there not be others like my son the Kohen Gadol, who has invalidated me from eating Terumah!'

(e)On the other hand, the same son does his mother a favor inasmuch as - he enables her to eat Terumah.

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