[119a - 39 lines; 119b - 38 lines]

PEREK #16 HA'ISHAH BASRA

1)[line 4]היתה לה חמותHAYESAH LAH CHAMOS- that is, she has a mother-in-law who is overseas

2)[line 5]יצתה מליאהYATZESAH MELE'AH- she (the mother-in-law) was pregnant when she went overseas

3)[line 6]מאי היא צרתהMAI HI TZARASAH?- Why did the Mishnah use the wording, "Hi Tzarasah" ("that Tzarah")?

4)[line 11]ורוב נשים מתעברות ויולדותROV NASHIM MIS'ABROS V'YOLDOS- that is, most young women become pregnant and give birth (we can assume that the Tzarah became pregnant overseas and gave birth there)

5)[line 12]דחייש למיעוטאD'CHAYISH L'MI'UTA- Rebbi Meir is of the opinion that we do not follow the majority if there is a Safek (a doubt), but rather we consider the matter to be still in doubt. (According to one opinion in TOSFOS, Rebbi Meir only considers it a Safek mid'Rabanan, for according to the Torah we can rely on a Rov - Tosfos Chulin 12a DH Pesach, 86b DH Semoch. Tosfos to Bechoros 19b DH b'Ruba implies that Rebbi Meir's law is mid'Oraisa, but it pertains only to a Ruba d'Leisa Kaman. See Background to Bechoros 19:11b.)

6a)[line 14]רובא דאיתיה קמןRUBA D'ISEI KAMAN

A Ruba d'Isei Kaman is a majority that is present and countable, such as a majority of the judges of a court. The Torah instructs us to follow such a majority, as it states "Acharei Rabim l'Hatos" (Shemos 23:2).

b)[line 15]דרובא דליתא קמןRUBA D'LEISEI KAMAN

A Ruba d'Leisa Kaman is a majority that is not present and countable, but rather a predictable consequence of natural events (statistics) — for instance, the majority of animals give birth within a year of their birth.

7)[line 22]סריסSARIS- an impotent man

8)[line 26]מחוורתאMECHAVARTA- it is clearly correct (as we originally answered)

119b----------------------------------------119b

9)[line 13]אתה מצריכה כרוז לכהונהATAH MATZRICHAH KERUZ L'KEHUNAH- you will necessitate a proclamation for her that she is permitted to marry Kohanim (since the Chalitzah that was performed with her may have been unnecessary should her Tzarah be found to have a viable child)

10)[line 36]דקסבר צרה מעידה לחברתהD'KASAVAR TZARAH ME'IDAH L'CHAVERTAH- that is, the testimony of a Tzarah is accepted to permit her co-wife to remarry, if the testimony was not specifically intended to affect her co-wife (TOSFOS)

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