NEDARIM 7-10 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the eighth Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

1) RAN DH Kulan bShitah Achas Hen

(SUMMARY: The Ran explains that there is a difference between them.)

(a) Explanation: They did not say exactly the same thing;

1. Shimon haTzadik holds that only a Nazir Tamei is called a sinner. It is not because he pained himself, rather, because he regrets [his Nezirus];

2. R. Shimon and R. Elazar haKapar hold that even a Nazir Tahor is called a sinner.


3. However, all agree that there is sin in Nezirus.

2) RAN DH Dilma Amar laShem vLo Amar Korban

(SUMMARY: The Ran explains how Kinuyim avoid Hashems name lVatalah.)

(a) Explanation: This is why they enacted Konam, so he will say just Konam. If he would say Korban, he would say [also] laShem, like the verse says.

(b) Implied question: Regarding Cherem, in Yehudah it does not suffice to say just Cherem, for Stam Cherem in Yehudah is [for Kohanim, and] not for Bedek haBayis! (In any case he must say laShem!)

(c) Answer: If he says Cherem, he will say [also] laShem, like the verse says;


1. However, when he says Cherech, since it is not from a verse, he will not say laShem, rather, lBedek haBayis.


3) RAN DH Tanya R. Shimon ben Gamliel Omer Nadar bMohi Lo Amar Klum bMumsa dAmar Mohi Harei Elu Kinuyim liShevuah

(SUMMARY: The Ran explains the case of Mohi.)

(a) Explanation: R. Shimon ben Gamliel comes to explain our Mishnah. When it says Nadar bMohi, he did not say just Mohi;

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1. Rather, he said the Mumsa that Mohi said, i.e. the Shevuah that Moshe swore, like it says vaYoel Moshe Lasheves Es haIsh.

2. This is why the Mishnah says Nadar bMohi. Had he said Shevuah or Shekukah bMohi, this would imply that he said only bMohi;

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i. Therefore, it taught Nadar, to teach that we require that he mention the Neder of Moshe, i.e. his Shevuah.


ii. This is what R. Shimon ben Gamliel says, the Mumsa that Mohi said.

(b) Alternate text: Some texts say [if he said] bMumi [or] bMumsa, his words have no effect. Mumi [and] Mumsa are Kinuyim for Shevuah.

(c) Explanation: R. Shimon ben Gamliel comes to teach that if he said with a Beis, this is not a Kinuy for Shevuah;

1. When the Mishnah said bMohi, this does not mean that he said it with a Beis. Rather, he said it without a Beis.

(d) Implied question: According to this text, why didnt the Mishnah teach Shevusah Shekukah Mumi, and rather taught Nadar bMumi?

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(e) Answer: It is because Shevusah Shekukah are derived from Shevuah, unlike Mumi. Since they are different [classes of] Kinuyim, the Mishnah interrupted between them with Nadar.

4) RAN DH Masnisin laChulin sheOchel Lecha laKasher laDachi

(SUMMARY: The Ran explains why these forbid.)

(a) Explanation: In all of these, there is a Patach under the Lamed. Therefore, he is forbidden, for it connotes Lo (not) Chulin, rather, Korban. Lo Kasher, rather, Asur. Lo Dachi (Tahor), rather, Asur.

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1. We find Dachi regarding Heter, like we say (Eduyos 8:4) Yosi ben Yoezer testified that Ayil Kamtza (a species of grasshopper) is Dachen (Tahor, i.e. permitted to eat);

2. Also a verse writes Kol Tzipor Tehorah, i.e. permitted. (It does not teach that it is not Tamei. Just the contrary, one who eats a Neveilah of a permitted species of birds becomes Tamei, but the forbidden species of birds have no Tumah at all!)

i. Therefore, when he said Lo Kasher or Lo Dachi, he means, rather it is Asur.

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(b) Question: Perhaps he forbids due to Isur, and not due to Neder. This is like Matfis bDevar haAsur (he makes something forbidden like a matter forbidden not due to Hekdesh or a Neder), which does not become forbidden!