12TH CYCLE DEDICATION
NEDARIM 86 - Dedicated by Steven Shweky in honor of Kollel Iyun Hadaf and their Dafyomi Advancement Forum.

[86a - 17 lines; 86b - 11 lines]

1)[line 7]מתקיף לה רב פפאMASKIF LAH RAV PAPA- (Rav Papa is asking a question on the Gemara's previous question. He is responding to Rav Yirmeyah's question by demonstrating that the woman should be able to prohibit with her Neder what she produces after her divorce.)

2)[line 8]גבי אשה מי פסיקא מילתאGABEI ISHAH, MI PESIKA MILSA?- with regard to a wife, is the case so clear-cut (without qualification)?

3)[line 10]שמשכנתי לךSHE'MISHKANTI LACH- that I gave to you as collateral for a loan

4)[last line]מי אית לה קיצותאMI IS LAH KITZUSA?!- is there a set time [when she will get divorced from her husband]?!

86b----------------------------------------86b

5)[line 1]קדושת הגוףKEDUSHAS HA'GUF

(a)KEDUSHAS DAMIM - an object the value of which is consecrated to Hekdesh; e.g. an animal that a person consecrated to be sold in order to buy another animal as a Korban with its value (even before the first one develops a Mum).

(b)KEDUSHAS HA'GUF - an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the Beis ha'Mikdash (RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 6:5) or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as is." An animal that has Kedushas ha'Guf cannot be redeemed without a Mum.

(c)Konamos are similar to items of Kedushas ha'Guf since they, likewise, cannot be redeemed.

6)[line 2]הקדש חמץ ושחרור מפקיעין מידי שעבודHEKDESH, CHAMETZ V'SHICHRUR MAFKI'IN MI'YEDEI SHIBUD

(a)A person may designate one of his pieces of land or possessions as security for a loan that he received or a debt that he owes without placing it in the possession of the creditor. This creates a Shibud, or lien, on the object, such that if the debt is not otherwise repaid, the creditor can collect his debt from the security. Such a security is called an "Apotiki."

(b)The example of Shibud in our Gemara is the obligation of a wife to her husband. The Mishnah in Kesuvos (5:9) states that a woman must produce the weight of five Sela'im of Shesi (spun warp thread, the longitudinal thread of the loom, which is thinner and harder to make than the woof thread, the latitudinal thread) in Yehudah, which is the equivalent of ten Sela'im of Shesi in the Galil, or the weight of ten Sela'im of Erev (woof) in Yehudah, which is the equivalent of twenty Sela'im of Erev in the Galil.

(c)The Shibud on the Apotiki or the wife is revoked or cancelled (and the creditor or husband must be reimbursed through other means) in three instances:

1.If the Apotiki is an animal that is fit to become a Korban and the owner designates it as such. (That is, the owner grants the object "Kedushas ha'Guf la'Mizbe'ach." If the Apotiki itself is not fit to be brought on the Mizbe'ach, and its owner declares that it should be sold and its value should be Kodesh ("Kedushas Damim"), or that it should be used for filling the day to day needs of the Beis ha'Mikdash and not for Korbanos ("Kedushas Bedek ha'Bayis), this does not repeal the Shibud - RASHI to Kesuvos 59b DH Hekdesh; see, however, RAMBAM Hil. Erchin 7:14). Similarly, if the hands of the wife are designated to produce items for Hekdesh, the Shibud on her is cancelled.

2.If the object is Chametz and the sixth hour arrives on the day before Pesach (thus prohibiting any Jew to derive benefit from the Chametz).

3.If the object is a slave and the owner frees the slave.

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