Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)According to the Tana Kama in Beis Shamai, if someone declares 'Hareini Nazir min ha'Gerogros u'min ha'Deveilah', he is a complete Nazir. Why is that?

(b)Why does he then add 'min ha'Gerogros u'min ha'Deveilah'?

(c)Why can he not retract within the time-period of 'Toch k'dei Dibur' (the time it takes to say 'Shalom alecha Rebbi')?

(d)On what basis does a Nazir have the Din of Hekdesh in this regard?

(e)On what grounds do Beis Hillel say that he is not a Nazir?

1)

(a)According to the Tana Kama in Beis Shamai, if someone declares 'Hareini Nazir min ha'Gerogros u'min ha'Deveilah', he is a complete Nazir - because, based on the principle - 'Ein Adam Motzi Devarav le'Vatalah', when he said 'Hareini Nazir', he intended to undertake a full Nezirus.

(b)When he added 'min ha'Gerogros u'min ha'Deveilah' - he intended to retract from his initial declaration.

(c)He cannot retract even within the time-period of 'Toch k'dei Dibur' (the time it takes to say 'Shalom alecha Rebbi') - since Beis Shamai hold 'Hekdesh be'Ta'us Sh'meih Hekdesh', and neither nullification nor withdrawal are effective.

(d)A Nazir has the Din of Hekdesh in this regard - because the Torah specifically writes about a Nazir "Kadosh Yih'yeh ... ".

(e)Beis Hillel rule that he is not a Nazir - because, bearing in mind that there is no such thing ting as Nezirus on figs, he did not declare his Nezirus in the conventional manner (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah, Beis Shamai do not argue with Beis Hillel in the previous case. In which case do they argue?

2)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah, Beis Shamai do not argue with Beis Hillel in the previous case - only in a case where the owner states that he meant to forbid the figs on himself like a Korban, which is effective according to Beis Shamai, but not according to Beis Hillel (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Amar Rebbi Yehudah ... ' & 'Ela be'Omer ... ').

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a case where a man citing his cow, declares that it will be a Nazir if it will be able to stand up, or citing his door, declares that it will be a Nazir if it opens. What is the case regarding ...

1. ... the cow?

2. ... the door?

(b)According to the Tana Kama, what do Beis Shamai rule in these cases?

(c)What is the connection between these cases and the case in the previous Mishnah (of Noder min ha'Gerog'ros)?

(d)What if the animal did stand up or the door did open by themselves or with the assistance of others?

3)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a case where a man citing his cow, declares that it will be a Nazir if it will able to stand up, or citing his door, declares that it will be a Nazir if it opens. The case regarding ...

1. ... the cow is - where it is as if his cow, which refuses to rise, announced that it will become a Nazir if it opens ...

2. ... or his door (See Tos. Yom-Tov), which cannot be opened, makes the same announcement, and where he counters that he will become a Nazir if either of them don't.

(b)According to the Tana Kama, Beis Shamai rule in these cases - that he is a Nazir.

(c)... even though intrinsically, neither a cow nor a door have any direct connection with Nezirus (just like they [Beis Shamai] said in the case in the previous Mishnah (of Noder min ha'Gerog'ros), and for the same reason ...

(d)... even if the animal did stand up or the door did open by itself or with the assistance of others - since it was not done by him.

4)

(a)What do Beis Hillel say?

(b)In which point did they ask Beis Shamai to concede that they were right?

(c)What does Rebbi Yehudah comment about the Machlokes?

4)

(a)Beis Hillel rule that - he is not a Nazir.

(b)They asked Beis Shamai to concede that they were right - at least in a case where the cow arose on its own or where others stood it up.

(c)Rebbi Yehudah commented (as he did in the previous Mishnah) - that Beis Shamai only disagrees with Beis Hillel there where the owner declared that the cow will be a Korban in the event that it stands up by itself (but not with regard to Nezirus [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

Mishnah 3
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5)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about someone who declares on the cup of wine that they just poured out for him 'Hareini Nazir mimenu!'?

(b)What do the Chachamim rule in a case of a drunken woman who declares 'Hareini Nazir mimenu!' on the cup of wine that they just poured out for her?

(c)What must we add to the Reisha for the Seifa not to clash with the Tana's first ruling?

(d)Why did he/she then declare the Neder?

5)

(a)The Mishnah rules that someone who declares on the cup of wine that they just poured out for him 'Hareini Nazir mimenu!' - is a Nazir (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)In a case of a drunken woman (See Tos. Yom-Tov) who declares 'Hareini Nazir mimenu!' on the cup of wine that they just poured out for her, the Chachamim rule that - what she obviously meant was that this last cup of wine is forbidden to her like a Korban.

(c)For the Seifa not to clash with the Tana's first ruling, we must add to the Reisha - 've'Im Hayah Shikor, ve'Amar ... Eino Nazir, she'Lo Hayah Da'ato Ela Le'esor oso ha'Kos Bil'vad'.

(d)And the reason that he/she declared the Neder was - in order to prevent them from pouring out another cup of wine.

Mishnah 4
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6)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a person who declares Nezirus on condition that he remains permitted to drink wine and to render himself Tamei Meis. Which aspect of Nezirus does he then accept?

(b)What does the Tana say about him?

(c)Why do even those who are lenient regarding the next two rulings concede here that he is a full-fledged Nazir?

6)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a person who declares Nezirus on condition that he remains permitted to drink wine and to render himself Tamei Meis - only accepting on himself the prohibition of shaving his hair (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The Tana - declares him a full-fledged Nazir.

(c)Even those who are lenient regarding the next two rulings concede here that he is a full-fledged Nazir - due to the principle 'Masneh al Mah she'Kasuv ba'Torah, Tena'o Bateil'.

7)

(a)In a case where a man who declares Nezirus, claims that although he knows the basic Dinim of Nezirus, he is not aware that a Nazir is forbidden to drink wine, the Tana Kama rules that he is a full-fledged Nazir. What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(b)What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(c)And what does the Tana Kama say in a case where the man knows that a Nazir is forbidden to drink wine, but he thinks that the Chachamim will allow him to drink it, because he cannot live without wine?

(d)What does he (the Tana Kama) mean when he adds 'or because I am an undertaker' (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(e)What is the Tana Kama's reason"

7)

(a)In a case where a man who declares Nezirus, claims that although he knows the basic Dinim of Nezirus, he is not aware that a Nazir is forbidden to drink wine, the Tana Kama rules that he is a full-fledged Nazir (See Tos. Yom-Tov). According to Rebbi Shimon - he is not.

(b)The basis of their Machlokes is - whether someone who accepts some of the aspects of Nezirus automatically accepts them all (the Tana Kama) or not (Rebbi Shimon).

(c)Whereas in a case where the man knows that a Nazir is forbidden to drink wine, but he thinks that the Chachamim will allow him to drink it, because he cannot live without wine, the Tana Kama rules - that he is not a Nazir.

(d)When he (the Tana Kama) adds 'or because I am an undertaker' he means that - in the same vein, he undertakes to be a Nazir but that he will remain permitted to render himself Tamei Meis.

(e)The Tana Kama's reason is - because it is a case of 'Nidrei Onsin', which the Chachamim permit (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

8)

(a)What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(b)What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah in ...

1. ... the former case?

2. ... the latter case?

8)

(a)Rebbi Shimon rules that - the Neder takes effect.

(b)The basis of their Machlokes is - whether the four Nedarim which the Chachamim permitted (in the third Perek of Nedarim) require Hatarah (Rebbi Shimon) or not (the Tana Kama).

(c)The Halachah in both ...

1. ... the former case and ...

2. ... the latter case is - like the Tana Kama.

Mishnah 5
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9)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a case where Reuven declares Nezirus and adds that he undertakes to shave another Nazir, and Shimon declares that he will do the same. What does 'shave another Nazir' actually mean?

(b)What does the Tana advise Reuven and Shimon to do if they are smart?

(c)Why might we otherwise have thought that Reuven cannot 'shave' Shimon?

(d)What if they aren't smart?

9)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a case where Reuven declares Nezirus and adds that he undertakes to 'shave' another Nazir - (i.e. to bring his Korbanos [See Tos.Yom-Tov]), and Shimon declares that he will do the same.

(b)If Reuven and Shimon are smart, the Tana advises them - to bring each other's Korbanos (rather than their own).

(c)We might otherwise have thought that Reuven cannot 'shave' Shimon - since when he made his declaration, Shimon was not yet a Nazir.

(d)If they aren't smart - then after bringing his own Korbanos, each one will need to bring the Korbanos of another Nazir.

Mishnah 6
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10)

(a)In a case where Reuven and Shimon both undertake to 'shave' half a Nazir, Rebbi Meir holds that they are obligated to bring all the Korbanos of another Nazir. Why is that?

(b)On what principle is this ruling based?

(c)What do the Chachamim say?

(d)What is their reason (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

10)

(a)In a case where Reuven and Shimon both undertake to 'shave' half a Nazir, Rebbi Meir holds that they are obligated to bring all the Korbanos of another Nazir - because in his opinion, when they initially undertook to 'shave ... ', they meant a whole Nazir, and when they added 'half a Nazir, they were retracting from their initial undertaking ...

(b)... and Rebbi Meir holds 'T'fos Lashon Rishon' (It is the initial statement that a person makes that takes effect, and he cannot retract, even within the time-period of 'Toch K'dei Dibur').

(c)The Chachamim rule - they are permitted to bring half the Korbanos of another Nazir ...

(d)... because it is as if they said 'Chatzi Korb'nos Nazir alai!'

(e)The Halachah is - like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 7
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11)

(a)If someone who undertakes Nezirus on condition that he has a 'Ben' (See Tos. Yom-Tov) subsequently fathers a son, he becomes a Nazir (See Tos. Yom-Tov). What does the Mishnah say about a case where he fathers ...

1. ... a daughter?

2. ... a Tumtum or an Androginus?

(b)What is the difference between a Tumtum and an Androginus?

(c)What if the Noder says 'When I see (See Tos. Yom-Tov) that I have a V'lad (a baby)', and subsequently fathers a daughter, Tumtum or an Androginus?

(d)Why the difference between the Reisha and the Seifa?

11)

(a)If someone who undertakes Nezirus on condition that he has a 'Ben' (See Tos. Yom-Tov) subsequently fathers a son, he becomes a Nazir (See Tos. Yom-Tov). The Mishnah rules however that if he fathers ...

1. ... a daughter ...

2. ... a Tumtum or an Androginus - he is not.

(b)The difference between a Tumtum and an Androginus is - that - the genitals of the former are covered (so that one cannot tell whether 'he' is a male or a female) whereas an Androginus is bi-sexual.

(c)If however, the Noder says 'When I see (See Tos. Yom-Tov) that I have a V'lad (a baby)', and subsequently fathers a daughter, Tumtum or an Androginus - then he is a Nazir ...

(d)... because in the vernacular, the word 'Ben' means a son, whereas the word 'V'lad' applies to any baby (See also Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 8
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12)

(a)Who is the Tana Kama who rules that in the event that the Noder's wife miscarrie, he is not a Nazir?

(b)What exactly is the case?

(c)On which principle is this ruling based?

12)

(a)The Tana Kama who rules that in the event that the Noder's wife miscaries, he is not a Nazir is - Rebbi Yehudah [See Tos. Yom-Tov])

(b)The case is - where it is not certain whether the baby is actually a Nefel (a stillborn baby) or a ben Kayama (that simply died at birth).

(c)This ruling is based on the principle - 'Lo Nachis Inash Nafsheih li'Sefeika' (when a person makes a Neder, he intends to cover only cases that are certain, but not S'feikos).

13)

(a)On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon disagree with Rebbi Yehudah?

(b)What does he nevertheless obligate the Nazir to stipulate?

(c)What happens after that?

(d)Why is the stipulation necessary?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

13)

(a)Rebbi Shimon disagrees with Rebbi Yehudah - in that he holds 'Safek Nezirus Lehachmir' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)He nevertheless obligates the Nazir to stipulate that - he will be an obligatory Nazir if the baby is a bar Kayama, and a voluntary one (vis-a-vis the Korbanos), if it is a Nefel.

(c)After that - he shaves, waits thirty days and brings his Korbanos.

(d)The stipulation is necessary - because one cannot bring Korb'nos Chovah mi'Safek.

(e)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

14)

(a)What does the Tana Kama say in the event that the wife gives birth again?

(b)Why is that?

(c)What does he stipulate, according to Rebbi Shimon?

14)

(a)In the event that the wife gives birth again, the Tana Kama rules that - he becomes a Nazir ...

(b)... seeing as he did not observe Nezirus the first time.

(c)According to Rebbi Shimon - he again stipulates that if the first one was a ben Kayama, then the first set of Korbanos was a Korban Chovah and the one that he will bring now, a Korban Nedavah; and if it was not, then the current one will be the Korban Chovah and the first one, a Nedavah.

Mishnah 9
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15)

(a)What does the Mishnah say in a case where a man declares 'Hareini Nazir ve'Nazir ke'she'Yih'yeh li Ben!' and the baby is born after he already began to fulfill 'his' Nezirus?

(b)When does he shave and bring his Korbanos?

(c)What if he declared 'Hareini Nazir ke'she'Yih'yeh li Ben, ve'Nazir!' and has already begun to fulfill 'his' Nezirus?

15)

(a)In a case where a man declares 'Hareini Nazir ve'Nazir ke'she'Yih'yeh li Ben!' and the baby is born after he already began to fulfill 'his' Nezirus, the Mishnah rules that - he completes the Nezirus that he began before beginning to observe that of 'his son'.

(b)He shaves and brings his Korbanos - upon completing the first Nezirus.

(c)If he declared 'Hareini Nazir ke'she'Yih'yeh li Ben, ve'Nazir!' and the baby is born after he already began to fulfill the 'his' Nezirus - he must stop and first fulfill his 'son's' Nezirus before concluding his own (in keeping with the order that he declared the Nedarim [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

Mishnah 10
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16)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses someone who declares Nezirus when he fathers a son and Nezirus for a hundred days. What procedure must he follow if his son is born ...

1. ... within seventy days?

2. ... after seventy days?

(b)What does the Tana comment on the latter case?

(c)Why is that?

16)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses someone who declares Nezirus when he fathers a son and Nezirus for a hundred days. Whether his son is born ...

1. ... within seventy days or ...

2. ... after seventy days - he counts thirty days for his son, shaves and counts another thirty days to complete his own Nezirus before shaving again.

(b)The Tana comments that in the event that he counted more than seventy days out of the hundred before interrupting to count the Nezirus for his son, he loses all the days that he counted in excess of seventy (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

(c)... because, they amount to less than thirty days, and the minimum shaving period is thirty days.

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