hebrew
1)

Having taught "Ve'ahavta es Hashem Elokecha, why does the Torah see fit to add "Es Hashem Elokecha Tiyra"?

1.

Ramban #1: To deter a person from sinning and getting punished.

2.

Ramban #2: Refer to 6:5:3:2*.

3.

Ramban #3: (citing Temurah, 3b): It is a warning against uttering the Name of Hashem in vain.

2)

What do we learn from the word "Es Hashem Elokecha Tiyra"?

1.

Torah Temimah #1 (citing Pesachim, 22a): It comes to include Talmidei-Chachamim. 1


1

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

3)

And what are the connotations of "Oso Sa'avod"?

1.

Ramban #1: It means that one is obligated to serve Hashem like an Eved serves his master.

2.

Ramban #2: It means to serve Hashem by bringing Korbanos 1 in His Name, and to serve Him by studying His Torah. 2

3.

Ramban #3 (citing the Ibn Ezra): "Es Hashem Elokecha Tiyra" implies not to contravene Mitzvos Lo Sa'aseh, and "Oso Sa'avod", to keeping the Mitzvos Asei. 3


1

Ramban (citing the Sifri): Who comments on the Pasuk in Devarim 13:5 "ve'Oso Sa'avodu" - 'ba'Mikdash (See also Rashi there), incorporating Korbanos, Shir and Hashtachavayah, which all fall under the category of 'Avodah' - as the Torah indicates in Bamidbar 18:7 & 23.

2

Ramban, citing the same Sifri.

3

See Ramban's objection to this explanation.

4)

Since when is it a Mitzvah to swear by Hashem's Name?

1.

Rashi and Ramban #3 (citing Tanchuma): What the Pasuk means is 1 that if one has Yir'as Hashem 2 and one serves Him 3 (and one cleaves to Him - See 6:13:5:1) 4 , one is permitted to swear by His Name, otherwise not.

2.

Ramban #1: The Pasuk means that one may only swear by the Name of Hashem, but not by the Name of any other god. 5

3.

Ramban #2 (citing Temurah, 3b) and Targum Yonasan: The Pasuk is coming to permit swearing by Hashem's Name truthfully. 6

4.

Ramban #4: Your Yir'as Shamayim will be so deep and you will be dedicated to His service 7 to such an extent, that you will always swear by His Name - even if it is to do something unpleasant - and abide by your oath.


1

Even though the two preceding statements in the Pasuk are Mitzvos - as the Ramban explains.

2

Ramban (Ibid.): Like Avraham, Yosef and Iyov, who are called 'Yir'ei Elokim.

3

Ramban (Ibid.): Someone whose only Avodah is that of Torah and Mitzvos.

4

Ramban: Someone who marries off his daughters to Talmidei-Chachamim, learns Chumash and Mishnayos, does business with Talmidei-Chachamim and benefits them from one's property.

5

Ramban: As elaborated upon in the next Pasuk (Refer to 6:14:1:1.

6

Even if it is not for a Mitzvah - See Ramban.

7

Ramban: To the point that everything mundane act that you perform is to serve Hashem - See Ramban DH 'O Yomar'.

5)

Why does the Pasuk insert "u'Bo Sidbak" in Eikev (Devarim 10:20) and omit it here?

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