hebrew
1)

What is the "Keren" to which the Pasuk refers?

1.

Rashi: The Keren is the principal, to which the sinner must add a fifth.

2)

Why does the Torah write "va'Chamishosav" in the plural?

1.

Rashi: This teaches us that if the sinner falsely claims that he has already paid the fifth and swears to that effect, he must pay the fifth plus a fifth. 1


1

And so on, until the fifth on which he denies is worth less than a P'rutah (Rashi). This in effect means, that he is paying a number of fifths on the initial principle.

3)

What are the implications of "la'Asher Hu lo?

1.

Rashi: It means to the owner of the money (article). 1


1

As opposed to a similar phrase in Bamidbar (5:10), where it means that the current owner has the right to give the money to whichever Kohen he chooses. Here, he has no choice!

4)

What are the implications of "be'Yom Ashmaso"?

1.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: It implies that the sinner is only Chayav to pay an extra fifth and to bring a Korban Asham Gezeilos if he admits to having sinned. 1


1

But not if he is implicated by two witnesses. See also Rashi here and Sifsei Chachamim. And see Rashi in Bamidbar (5:7), who learns this from "v'Hisvadu es Chatasam" (in connection with Gezel ha'Ger).

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