hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah call the Choshen "Choshen Mishpat"?

1.

Rashi #1: Because it atoned for perversion of justice.

2.

Rashi #2: Because the message that the Urim ve'Tumim conveyed (to implement or not) 1 to Yisrael was clear-cut and accurate. 2

3.

Rashbam: Because it informs the Mishpat of Yisrael (in connection with future events that require clarification).

4.

Seforno (Pasuk 30): Because, the Kohen Gadol wore it on his heart in order to pray on behalf of Yisrael that they should merit in judgment (before Hashem). 3

5.

Targum Yonasan: It served the triple purpose of a. conveying to Yisrael matters that were hidden from the Dayanim; b. revealing to them war tactics; c. atoning for perversion of justice.


1

Rashi, Sh'mos 28:30.

2

According to the connotation of Mishpat that means to finalize the judgment - as opposed to the litigants' claims and the implementation of the judgment (Rashi)..

3

Refer also to 28:30:6:1.

2)

Having said "ke'Ma'aseh Eifod Ta'asenu", why does the Torah see fit to repeat "Zahavm Techeiles ve'Argaman ..."?

1.

Toras Kohanim, Vayikra, 2:4: To limit the comparison to the composition of threads

3)

Why does the Torah repeat "Ta'aseh Oso"?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: To teach us that the entire Choshen

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